Astronomy Test Ch. 6 The Moon

89 cards


 
  
Created Mar 26, 2012
by
treknird

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Which of the following facts could result from the Moon's slow rotation and lack of an iron...
 
The Moon has essentially no magnetic firled
2
What is the origin of regolith?
 
Rock crushed by impacts
3
Which of the following facts supports the hypothesis that the surface features of the Moon...
 
The Moon does not have an atmosphere
4
What is the composition of regolith? 
 
Anorthosite fragments in the highlands and basaltic in the maria
5
What conclusive proof do we have that the Moon has essentially zero magnetic field?
 
Magnetic field measurements taken by the Apollo astronauts
6
Why do astronomers believe that the lunar maria are younger than the highlands?
 
The maria have fewer cratrers
7
The Moon's average density is 3 g/cm cubed, while the Earth has 5 g/cm cubed. Which of...
 
The Earth has more iron and nickel
8
What is the probable origin of some mountain chains observed near the lunar maria?
 
They were formed by material that pushed up by the impact that created the maria.
9
Astronomers attribute the lack of atmosphere on the Moon to:
 
The low gravitational force of the Moon
10
Which of the following changes would you expect to observe if the Moon was orbiting on the...
 
Only a lunar eclipse every full moon and a solar eclipse every new moon are correct
11
An astronaut on the far side of the Moon would be able to see:
 
The Earth rising and setting every 29 days
12
Why do astronomers interpret the lack of impact cratering as evidence of a younger terrain?
 
Because at the present rate of impacts, a newly formed surface will not suffer many hits
13
Astronomers claim that the features on the Moon's surface are older than on Earth, because:
 
The surface of the Earth is subject to water and wind erosion, which do not occur on the Moon
14
Rays appear to radiate from some of the Lunar craters. What is the origin of these rays?
 
Streaks of pulverized rock
15
The absence of plate tectonic motion on the Moon can be explained by the fact that:
 
The Moon interior is cooler than the Earth's and therefore there is no heat to createconvective...
16
Assuming that the Earth and Moon formed at the same time, what conclusions can be drawn regarding...
 
The Moon, being smaller, has cooler interior, because smaller objects cool off faster than...
17
We know that the Moon's orbit is not on the ecliptic because:
 
Eclipses do not occur every lunar month
18
How do we know that the Moon causes ocean tides?
 
Because the Moon-rise and the tide pattern repeat 50 minutes later every day
19
Which of the following observations is consistant with the hypothesis that the Moon was created...
 
The similarities of the Moon's composition with the Earth's crust
20
For an observer on the Moon, the stars on the celectial sphere rotate once every ______.
 
27.3 days
21
The gravitational pull of the Sun on the Earth is 200 times stronger than the pull from...
 
The Sun's differential gravitational pull is smaller than the differential gravitational from...
22
The high water in the English-channel advances from West to East. Is this high water resulting...
 
Yes, it' s due to the tidal force of the Moon, but in this case the coastal topography...
23
Some of the lunar rilles appear straight while others have meandering shape. How do we explain...
 
Both the straight rilles are probably cracks and the meandering rilles are canyons
24
Which of the following statements about the lunar maria is not true?
 
The maria do not show signs of cratering
25
Which of the following is at present the most widely accepted theory about the origin of the...
 
The Moon formed when material blasted out of the Earth during a collision with a planet-sized...
26
What would explain the fact that maria are uncommon in the far side of the Moon?
 
The crust on the far side is thicker than the near side, therefore molten rock could not break...
27
Which of the following argues against the fission theory of the origin of the Moon?
 
The Moon's orbit is near the ecliptic, not near the equator
28
Which of the following values correctly represents the highest ocean tides observed on Earth?
 
10 meters
29
During a lunar eclipse on Earth an astronaut stationed on the near side of the Moon would observe_____.
 
A solar eclipse
30
The lunar _____ are smoother and younger than the _____.
 
Maria; highlands
31
The Moon's crust is composed of ______ rock.
 
Silicate
32
The lunar ______  are considerabely more crated than the ______.
 
Highlands; maria
33
The lunar craters originated from _____.
 
Objects striking the surface
34
The surface of the Moon is covered by a layer of _____ several meters thick.
 
Regolith
35
The crust of the Moon is _____ on the side facing the Earth.
 
Thinner
36
The Moon can never be more than 5 degrees above or below the ______.
 
Ecliptic
37
As a result of tidal breaking the days on Earth are getting longer by about _______.
 
2 seconds every 100,000 years
38
Because of the Moon's ______ an observer on Earth can at most see 50% of the Moon's surface.
 
Synchronous rotation
39
The ______ observed on the Moon's surface are canyons carved by ancient _____ flows.
 
Rilles; lava
40
The _____ radiating from some Lunar craters are thought to be _______.
 
Rays; streaks of pulverized rocks
41
Solar eclipses do not occur every new Moon phase because the Moon orbits _______.
 
In a plane forming a 5 degree angle to the ecliptic
42
The majority of lunar craters are volcanic in origin.
 
False
43
During the new Moon phase, an observer on the near side of the Moon would see the full Earth...
 
True
44
The most abundant type of rock in the lunar highlands is the anorthosite.
 
True
45
The fact that the maria are relatively smooth supports the hypothesis that the entire surface...
 
False
46
During a solar eclipse on Earth an astronaut stationed on the near side of the Moon would observe...
 
False
47
The most abundant type of rock in the lunar maria is the basalt.
 
True
48
The lunar maria look darker than highlands, because they are composed of dark basalts.
 
True
49
As a result of tidal breaking, the Moon is spinning slower around its axis.
 
False
50
The maria dominate the far side of the Moon.
 
False
51
The crust of the Moon on the side that faces Earth is thinner than the crust in the opposite...
 
True
52
The solar eclipses occur only on February and August.
 
False
53
The Sun's tidal effect on Earth is about one half of the Moon's effect. We conclude that the...
 
False
54
Astronomers believe that the Moon's age is about 4.6 billion years, equal to the age of the...
 
True
55
Basalt can be found on this part of the Moon?
 
Maria
56
Erosion can be found on this part of the Moon?
 
Not on the Moon
57
The probable cause of the Straight rilles lunar surface feature is _______.
 
Surface cracks
58
Regolith can be found on this part of the Moon?
 
Both highlands and maria
59
Olivine can be found on this part of this part of the Moon?
 
Mantle
60
Anorthosite can be found on this part of the Moon?
 
Highlands
61
Iron on the surface can be found on this part of the Moon?
 
Maria
62
The probable cause of the Meandering rilles lunar surface feature is _______.
 
Lava flows
63
The probable cause of the Rays lunar surface feature is ________.
 
Impacts
64
The Moon rotates once around its axis in ____.
 
27.3 days
65
The time between successive new moon phases is _______.
 
29.5 days
66
The probable cause of most craters is _______.
 
Impacts
67
The probable cause of the Regolith lunar surface features is ______.
 
Impacts
68
Convection currents can be found on this part of the Moon?
 
Not on the Moon
69
Most maria can be found on _____ of the Moon.
 
The near side
70
Thinner crust can be found on the ___ of the Moon.
 
The near side
71
Rays can be found on _____ of the Moon.
 
Both sides
72
Mostly highlands can be found on _____ of the Moon.
 
Both sides
73
Plate tectonic motion can be found on ______ of the Moon.
 
Not on the Moon
74
Which Moon phase does the solar eclipse phenomena occur?
 
New Moon
75
Which part of the Moon is there Atmosphere?
 
None on the Moon
76
Which Moon phase does the extreme high and low tides phenomena occur?
 
Full or New Moon
77
Which part of the Moon would one find winds?
 
None on the Moon
78
Which Moon phase does the the Low tide phenomena occur?
 
Full or New Moon
79
Which Moon phase does the lunar eclipse phenomena occur?
 
Full Moon
80
Which part of the Moon would one find a magnetic field?
 
None on the Moon
81
Thicker crust can be found on ____ of the Moon.
 
The far side
82
Regolith can be found on ______ of the Moon.
 
Both sides
83
Which part of the Moon would one find impact craters?
 
On either side of the Moon
84
In the _____ theory the fact that the Moon orbits near the ecliptic is not mere coincidence.
 
Giant Impact
85
The _______ theory assumes that the Earth was spinning very fast.
 
Fission
86
According to the ________ theory, the Earth and the Moon should have the same overall composition.
 
Twin
87
Which part of the Moon would one find extensive lava dasins?
 
Mostly on near side of the Moon
88
Which part of the Moon would one find Aurora?
 
None on the Moon
89
The ______ theory attributes all similarities to coincidence.
 
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