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Art created by nonprofessionals is called
 
outsider art
An imaginary line in an artwork is known as what?
 
implied line
The position on the horizon line where the orthogonal lines of linear-perspective meet
 
vanishing point
In metalpoint lines are drawn with a ________________ onto a surface coated with gesso or poster paint.
 
wire
A branch of philosophy that studies sensory responses related to, but not limited by, the concept of beauty.
 
aesthetics
The main difference between crayons and chalks is that
 
they are made with different binders.
An example of a liquid drawing medium is
 
pen and ink.
If a work of art is faithful to our visual experience it’s called
 
naturalistic.
When discussing the size, shape, color, material, and composition of a work of art, we are discussing its
 
form.
In printmaking, to cancel a print means that
 
no more prints can be made from the matrix.
What is pigment?
 
powdered color
Which printmaking method functions on the principle that water and oil do not mix?
 
lithography
In which printmaking method is the printed area raised, and the non-printed surface cut away?
 
relief
In fresco painting, a drawing called a _________is transferred to the prepared plaster surface prior to applying the pigment.
 
cartoon
Which drawing material is made from animal skins?
 
parchment
In oil painting, linseed oil acts as
 
a binder.
One of the advantages of oil painting is that it dries very slowly. This allows for
 
blending of colors. the painting to be reworked indefinitely. the application of layers of paint on top of one another.
A work that is arranged with dissimilar elements on either side has what kind of balance?
 
asymmetrical
Lines are used in art to indicate
 
boundaries between forms. direction and motion. shadows and highlight. spatial depth on flat surfaces.
Style, as defined by recurring characteristics found in art, can be classified in terms of
 
individual style. cultural style. school style. period style.
Mixing a primary color and a secondary color produces a _____________ color.
 
tertiary
A color produced by the addition of white to make it lighter.
 
tint
By the 1950s, this new synthetic paint would challenge oils as the principal painting medium. What is it?
 
acrylic
An example of an ancient painting medium is
 
fresco.
The apparent “heaviness” or “lightness” of the shapes and forms arranged in the composition is called
 
visual weight.
An intaglio method in which lines are cut into a metal plate with a burin.
 
engraving
An intaglio method in which a drawing tool removes some of the acid-resistant ground covering a metal plate
 
etching
The definition of form and content are
 
form is the way that art looks; content is what the work is about.
The substance that holds particles of pigment together is called
 
binder.
In a two-dimensional work of art that is balanced symmetrically, the implied center of gravity is
 
along the vertical axis down the center of the composition.
In printmaking, where multiple images are made from the same design, each individual print is called
 
an impression.
Which of the following is NOT one of the intaglio methods?
 
linocut
Which of the following printing techniques is especially capable of producing subtle shades of gray?
 
mezzotint
Paper, made from a mixture of plant materials and water, was invented in
 
China.
Artists will often add ___________ to provide interest and enliven the unity of a work of art.
 
variety
How large is an edition of a print that is numbered 13/40?
 
40 prints
The main subject or main element emphasized is called what?
 
focal point
The design principle that is based on repetition is called
 
rhythm.
How many prints can be made from a monotype?
 
one
What is the binder in acrylic paint?
 
acrylic resin
Oil paint that is applied in thin, transparent layers is what?
 
glazes
Vertical lines indicate
 
stability
A solid, three-dimensional form that has weight and takes up real space.
 
mass
Which of the following is an example of a nonaqueous medium?
 
oil
A color that, in theory, cannot be created by a mixture of others colors?
 
primary
What is the relative lightness or darkness of an area called?
 
value
Artists use burned sticks of wood in order to produce
 
charcoal drawings
The two basic families of structural systems in architecture are
 
the shell and the skeleton-and-skin.
A form of sculpture in which an entire room is treated as a work of art to be entered and experienced
 
installation.
The carving method
 
is more aggressive than modeling. is more direct than casting. is a subtractive process.
Four basic methods for making a sculpture are
 
modeling, casting, carving, and assembling.
The theme of the Sistine Chapel ceiling frescoes comes from
 
the Old Testament in the Bible.
The subtractive process in sculpture involves
 
carving.
______________ is a sculptural process of bringing together individual pieces, segments, or objects to form a sculpture.
 
Assembling
What sculpting technique shapes forms with soft materials like clay or wax?
 
Modeling
What sculpting technique utilizes molds into which molten metal is poured?
 
Casting
What medium revolutionized painting during the Renaissance?
 
oil
In 1888 the Kodak camera changed the history of photography
 
by making photography easily accessible to the general public.
The movement that divided all of Europe into Protestant and Catholic camps is called
 
the Reformation.
Which of the following is characteristic of Northern European art?
 
Their precise rendering of surface details.
steel framework with masonry sheathing, the __________, designed by Louis Sullivan, is the first genuinely modern building.
 
Wainwright Building
Fallingwater (the Kaufmann House in Bear Run, Pennsylvania) is a prime example of the “organic” architecture of
 
Frank Lloyd Wright
A subject in art that depicts the daily lives of people
 
Genre painting
Leonardo da Vinci was a skilled
 
engineer. inventor. painter architect
The physical stability of a building depends on the __________ of its architecture.
 
structural system

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