ART HISTORY FINAL DEFINITIONS

Terms For Art Test
Created May 6, 2010
by meg1639
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Modern
modernism is a cultural product of modern culture, urban and industrial orientation
modern
up to date, contemporary, transitory
Modernism
early 19th century era in which urbanism and industrialism took control of culture
bourgeois
relating to the townsman of the social middle class, marked by a tendency toward mediocracy 
proletrariat
the class of wage owners who make money by manual labor
Chiaroscuro
light and shade, disregarding color, interplay of contrasts
camera obscura
images of objects that project through a lens onto a surface and are then traced
Daguerrotype
single, unique, positive, metal plate, crisp, precise, silvery photography
Calotype
multiple images on paper form a negative, hazy impression
pre-Ralphaelite
painter dedicated to restoring early Renaissance ideas
optical naturalism
seeing what is seen naturally through the eye, not distorted
cropping
manipulating something so that a part that you want to be taken out is, angles
pointilism
characteristic of post-impressionists, dabbing points to create something that looks blurry...
fauvism
characterized by brights and unnatural colors and simple forms, influence expressionists but...
post-naturalism
against natural colors, non-natural beings and colors (Gaugin)
avant-garde
any creative group activ in the innovation and application of new concepts and techniques
linear perspective
when artists attempt to create depth from something that is flat surfaced
cubist space
objects are broken up and reassembled in abstract form instead of depicting it from one point...
african masks
symbolize source of beauty (Picasso)
abstraction
taking something and distorting it to be seen from multiple view points
collage
taking objects and putting them together to form a collaboration of multiple objects
the futurist Manifesto
book, motion ?
sequential photography
taking pictures of something and capture the moment for a certain amount of time
skeleton system
not putting frame on something to cover the body (Eiffel Tower)
Beaux arts
architecture that denotes the academic neoclassical architectural style
neo-gothic
House of Parliament, movement emphasizes obscene, mysterious, confusion, symbolic (spiritual)
Usonia
work used by FLW to refer to his vision for the landscape of the US.....don't manipulate land,...
postmodern
reaction against principles and practices of established modernism, simplification (POPART)
Armory show
the international fair of new art, is the largest contemporary art fair in NY, and one of the...
readymade
something that is already made but made to look as art, anything can be art
photomontage
collection of images combining two or more objects
surrealist object
use of juxtapositions in order to represent unconscious thoughts and dreams
automatism
ex: Miro, an unconscious or involuntary muscular movement caused by spirits, involuntary movements
abstract surrealism
Miro, automatism
biomorphic imagery
irregular abstract image based on shapes found in nature
Merz
a variety of DADA invented in 1920, like collage, it consisted of an arrangement of various...
The Eight
a group of realist artists who challenged prevailing conventions in order to depict city life
Precisionism
an approach through which American artists, focused on industrial and urban subjects in a clearly...
Guernica
painting by Picasson, depicting the bombing of Guernica
New Objectivity (German Name)
art movement that arose in Germany in the early 1920s as an outgrowth of, and in opposition...
Degenerate art
English translation of the German entartete Kunst, a term adopted by the Nazi regime to describe...
supremacist
art movement focused on fundamental geometric forms
constructivism
industrial materials were used to construct nonrepresentational objects
De Stijl
"The Style" sought to express a new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order, reduction...
regionalism
movement, artistic focus was from artists who shunned city life, and rapidly developing technology,...
existentialism
eixstence preceds essence
new york school
imformal group of american painters and poets, abstract expressionist painting
action painting
gestural abstraction, spontaneous dribble (Pollock)
color-field painting
simplicity, colors are primary
greenburg
critic of Modern art
post-painterly abstraction
greenberg perceived there was a new movement of painting that derived from abstract expressionism...
minimalism
extreme simplification of color and form
pop art
popular culture, advertisments
conceptual art
transmission of ideas is more important than the creation of an art object
performance art
actions of individual at a place in a time constituting the work
earthworks
form of art created in nature that uses natural materials such as stones, leaves, or soil
documentation
taking picture of earthworks
new media art
art created with new technology
video art 
type of art which relies on moving pictures and comprises video and/or audio

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