ART HISTORY FINAL DEFINITIONS

59 cards

terms for art test


 
  
Created May 6, 2010
by
meg1639

 

 
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1
Modern
 
modernism is a cultural product of modern culture, urban and industrial orientation
2
modern
 
up to date, contemporary, transitory
3
Modernism
 
early 19th century era in which urbanism and industrialism took control of culture
4
bourgeois
 
relating to the townsman of the social middle class, marked by a tendency toward mediocracy 
5
proletrariat
 
the class of wage owners who make money by manual labor
6
Chiaroscuro
 
light and shade, disregarding color, interplay of contrasts
7
camera obscura
 
images of objects that project through a lens onto a surface and are then traced
8
Daguerrotype
 
single, unique, positive, metal plate, crisp, precise, silvery photography
9
Calotype
 
multiple images on paper form a negative, hazy impression
10
pre-Ralphaelite
 
painter dedicated to restoring early Renaissance ideas
11
optical naturalism
 
seeing what is seen naturally through the eye, not distorted
12
cropping
 
manipulating something so that a part that you want to be taken out is, angles
13
pointilism
 
characteristic of post-impressionists, dabbing points to create something that looks blurry...
14
fauvism
 
characterized by brights and unnatural colors and simple forms, influence expressionists but...
15
post-naturalism
 
against natural colors, non-natural beings and colors (Gaugin)
16
avant-garde
 
any creative group activ in the innovation and application of new concepts and techniques
17
linear perspective
 
when artists attempt to create depth from something that is flat surfaced
18
cubist space
 
objects are broken up and reassembled in abstract form instead of depicting it from one point...
19
african masks
 
symbolize source of beauty (Picasso)
20
abstraction
 
taking something and distorting it to be seen from multiple view points
21
collage
 
taking objects and putting them together to form a collaboration of multiple objects
22
the futurist Manifesto
 
book, motion ?
23
sequential photography
 
taking pictures of something and capture the moment for a certain amount of time
24
skeleton system
 
not putting frame on something to cover the body (Eiffel Tower)
25
Beaux arts
 
architecture that denotes the academic neoclassical architectural style
26
neo-gothic
 
House of Parliament, movement emphasizes obscene, mysterious, confusion, symbolic (spiritual)
27
Usonia
 
work used by FLW to refer to his vision for the landscape of the US.....don't manipulate land,...
28
postmodern
 
reaction against principles and practices of established modernism, simplification (POPART)
29
Armory show
 
the international fair of new art, is the largest contemporary art fair in NY, and one of the...
30
readymade
 
something that is already made but made to look as art, anything can be art
31
photomontage
 
collection of images combining two or more objects
32
surrealist object
 
use of juxtapositions in order to represent unconscious thoughts and dreams
33
automatism
 
ex: Miro, an unconscious or involuntary muscular movement caused by spirits, involuntary movements
34
abstract surrealism
 
Miro, automatism
35
biomorphic imagery
 
irregular abstract image based on shapes found in nature
36
Merz
 
a variety of DADA invented in 1920, like collage, it consisted of an arrangement of various...
37
The Eight
 
a group of realist artists who challenged prevailing conventions in order to depict city life
38
Precisionism
 
an approach through which American artists, focused on industrial and urban subjects in a clearly...
39
Guernica
 
painting by Picasson, depicting the bombing of Guernica
40
New Objectivity (German Name)
 
art movement that arose in Germany in the early 1920s as an outgrowth of, and in opposition...
41
Degenerate art
 
English translation of the German entartete Kunst, a term adopted by the Nazi regime to describe...
42
supremacist
 
art movement focused on fundamental geometric forms
43
constructivism
 
industrial materials were used to construct nonrepresentational objects
44
De Stijl
 
"The Style" sought to express a new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order, reduction...
45
regionalism
 
movement, artistic focus was from artists who shunned city life, and rapidly developing technology,...
46
existentialism
 
eixstence preceds essence
47
new york school
 
imformal group of american painters and poets, abstract expressionist painting
48
action painting
 
gestural abstraction, spontaneous dribble (Pollock)
49
color-field painting
 
simplicity, colors are primary
50
greenburg
 
critic of Modern art
51
post-painterly abstraction
 
greenberg perceived there was a new movement of painting that derived from abstract expressionism...
52
minimalism
 
extreme simplification of color and form
53
pop art
 
popular culture, advertisments
54
conceptual art
 
transmission of ideas is more important than the creation of an art object
55
performance art
 
actions of individual at a place in a time constituting the work
56
earthworks
 
form of art created in nature that uses natural materials such as stones, leaves, or soil
57
documentation
 
taking picture of earthworks
58
new media art
 
art created with new technology
59
video art 
 
type of art which relies on moving pictures and comprises video and/or audio

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