Art History Chapter 1-2

Art History Flashcards For Ms. Barragan's Class, Tyler School Of Art @ Temple University
Created Sep 11, 2012
by creativerose18
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Side ASide B
Paleolithic

second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the...
Mesolithic

Belonging to the period of human culture from about 15,000 years ago to about 7000 BCE characterized...
Neolithic

the New Stone Age between 8000 and 5000 B.C.E.; period in which adaptation of sedentary agriculture...
Findspot

Place where an artifact was found, or provenance.
Burin

A pointed tool used for engraving or incising.
Relief Sculpture

A sculpture that projects from a flat background.
Freestanding Sculpture

A sculpture that is self-supporting and is designed to be viewed from all sides.
Chisel

An edge tool with a flat steel blade with a cutting edge.
Ground Line

the line where the picture plane and the ground meet
Mural

a large painting applied directly to a wall or ceiling surface
Composite View

A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part...
Corbeled Vault

A vault formed by the piling of stone blocks in horizontal courses, cantilevered inward until...
Post-lintel system

a type of architectural construction in which two vertical members (posts) support horizontal...
Mesopotamia

first civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq;...
Sumerian

a culture that flourished in southern Mesopotamia (contemporary south Iraq) from about 3200...
Akkadian

2332BCE - when the loosely linked group of cities, known as Sumer, became dominated by the...
Neo-Sumerian

Around 2100 BCE - culture that arose after the Guti control, under King Urnammu of Ur
Babylonian

Conquered Akkads. Were first the Amorites, but when they took over, they named their capital...
Neo-Babylonian

a new Babylonian empire who restored Babylon to its former greatness., An empire ruled by Nebuchadnezzar,...
Ziggurat

a tiered, pyramid-shaped structure that formed part of a Sumerian temple
City-States

Different sections of land owned by the same country but ruled by different rulers
Cuneiform

a system of writing with wedge-shaped symbols, invented by the Sumerians around 3000 B.C.
Cylinder Seals

Sumer's most famous works of art; they were stone cylinders engraved with designs that when...
Pictographs

pictures that stand for words or ideas; picture writing
Bent Axis Plan

A plan that incorporates two or more angular changes of direction, characteristic of Sumerian...
Cella

the chamber at the center of an ancient temple; in a classical temple, the room (greek, naos)...
Votive

an offering given to fulfill a vow
Hierarchy of Scale

a system of representation that expresses a person's importance by the size of his or her representation...
Registers

also known as bands, one of a series of super imposed bands/friezes in a pictorial narrative,...
Stele

a monument, vertical in style, small or large, that contained writing or pictures to commemorate...
Venus of Willendorf

limestone, Paleolithic, Austria, ca. 28,000-25,000 BCE
Bisons in cave at Altamira

natural pigments, Paleolithic, Spain, ca. 12,000-11,000 BCE
Hall of the Bulls

natural pigments, Paleolithic, Lascaux, France, ca. 15,000-13,000 BCE
Stonehenge

sarsen and bluestones, Neolithic, England, ca. 2550-1600 BCE
White Temple at Uruk

mud bricks, Sumerian, Iraq, ca. 3200-3000 BCE
Statuettes of two worshippers

gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone, Sumerian, Iraq, ca. 2700 BCE
Standard of Ur, from Royal Cemetery at Ur

wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli and red limestone, Sumerian, Iraq, ca. 2600 BCE
Cylinder seal, from Royal Cemetery at Ur

lapis lazuli, Sumerian, Iraq, ca. 2600 BCE
Victory Stele of Naram-Sin

pink sandstone, Akkadian, Iraq, 2250-2218 BCE
Lamassu, from the citadel of Sargon II

limestone, Assyrian, Iraq, ca. 720-705 BCE
Assyrian archers pursuing enemies from the Palace of Ashurnasirpal II

ypsum, Assyrian, Iraq, ca. 875-860 BCE
Gates of Ishtar

glazed bricks, Neo-Babylonian, Iraq, 575 BCE


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