Art History Chapter 1-2

42 cards

Art history flashcards for Ms. Barragan's class, Tyler School of Art @ Temple University


 
  
Created Sep 11, 2012
by
creativerose18

 

 
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1
Paleolithic
 
second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the...
2
Mesolithic
 
Belonging to the period of human culture from about 15,000 years ago to about 7000 BCE characterized...
3
Neolithic
 
the New Stone Age between 8000 and 5000 B.C.E.; period in which adaptation of sedentary agriculture...
4
Findspot
 
Place where an artifact was found, or provenance.
5
Burin
 
A pointed tool used for engraving or incising.
6
Relief Sculpture
 
A sculpture that projects from a flat background.
7
Freestanding Sculpture
 
A sculpture that is self-supporting and is designed to be viewed from all sides.
8
Chisel
 
An edge tool with a flat steel blade with a cutting edge.
9
Ground Line
 
the line where the picture plane and the ground meet
10
Mural
 
a large painting applied directly to a wall or ceiling surface
11
Composite View
 
A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part...
12
Corbeled Vault
 
A vault formed by the piling of stone blocks in horizontal courses, cantilevered inward until...
13
Post-lintel system
 
a type of architectural construction in which two vertical members (posts) support horizontal...
14
Mesopotamia
 
first civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq;...
15
Sumerian
 
a culture that flourished in southern Mesopotamia (contemporary south Iraq) from about 3200...
16
Akkadian
 
2332BCE - when the loosely linked group of cities, known as Sumer, became dominated by the...
17
Neo-Sumerian
 
Around 2100 BCE - culture that arose after the Guti control, under King Urnammu of Ur
18
Babylonian
 
Conquered Akkads. Were first the Amorites, but when they took over, they named their capital...
19
Neo-Babylonian
 
a new Babylonian empire who restored Babylon to its former greatness., An empire ruled by Nebuchadnezzar,...
20
Ziggurat
 
a tiered, pyramid-shaped structure that formed part of a Sumerian temple
21
City-States
 
Different sections of land owned by the same country but ruled by different rulers
22
Cuneiform
 
a system of writing with wedge-shaped symbols, invented by the Sumerians around 3000 B.C.
23
Cylinder Seals
 
Sumer's most famous works of art; they were stone cylinders engraved with designs that when...
24
Pictographs
 
pictures that stand for words or ideas; picture writing
25
Bent Axis Plan
 
A plan that incorporates two or more angular changes of direction, characteristic of Sumerian...
26
Cella
 
the chamber at the center of an ancient temple; in a classical temple, the room (greek, naos)...
27
Votive
 
an offering given to fulfill a vow
28
Hierarchy of Scale
 
a system of representation that expresses a person's importance by the size of his or her representation...
29
Registers
 
also known as bands, one of a series of super imposed bands/friezes in a pictorial narrative,...
30
Stele
 
a monument, vertical in style, small or large, that contained writing or pictures to commemorate...
31
Venus of Willendorf
 
limestone, Paleolithic, Austria, ca. 28,000-25,000 BCE
32
Bisons in cave at Altamira
 
natural pigments, Paleolithic, Spain, ca. 12,000-11,000 BCE
33
Hall of the Bulls
 
natural pigments, Paleolithic, Lascaux, France, ca. 15,000-13,000 BCE
34
Stonehenge
 
sarsen and bluestones, Neolithic, England, ca. 2550-1600 BCE
35
White Temple at Uruk
 
mud bricks, Sumerian, Iraq, ca. 3200-3000 BCE
36
Statuettes of two worshippers
 
gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone, Sumerian, Iraq, ca. 2700 BCE
37
Standard of Ur, from Royal Cemetery at Ur
 
wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli and red limestone, Sumerian, Iraq, ca. 2600 BCE
38
Cylinder seal, from Royal Cemetery at Ur
 
lapis lazuli, Sumerian, Iraq, ca. 2600 BCE
39
Victory Stele of Naram-Sin
 
pink sandstone, Akkadian, Iraq, 2250-2218 BCE
40
Lamassu, from the citadel of Sargon II
 
limestone, Assyrian, Iraq, ca. 720-705 BCE
41
Assyrian archers pursuing enemies from the Palace of Ashurnasirpal II
 
ypsum, Assyrian, Iraq, ca. 875-860 BCE
42
Gates of Ishtar
 
glazed bricks, Neo-Babylonian, Iraq, 575 BCE


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