Arh 170 Fall 2009: Exam 1 Terms

Terms To Know For Exam One
Created Oct 4, 2009
by pleasenobugging
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Corbel Vault
a vault made by projecting courses of stone
clerostry
the topmost zone of a wall with windows in a bascilica extending above the aisle roofs. Provides...
column
an arcitectural element used for support and/or decoration. Consists of rounded or polygonal...
Cuneiform
an early form of writing with wedge-shaped marks impressed into wet clay with a stylus, primarily...
Cyclopean Walls
a method of building using huge blocks of rough hewn stone. Any large-scale, monumental building...
cylinder seal
size of a spool of thread. made out of stone with a hole through it. used for signing documents...
engaged column
a column attached to a wall
fresco
a painting technique in which waterbased pigmentsare applied to the surface of wet plaster....
hieroglyphics
a writing system using picture symbols; used in ancient Egypt
hypostyle hall
a large interior room characterized by many closely spaced columns that support its roof.
Kamares ware
pottery made by Mihoans on Crete
Ka
egyptian spirit.. when it leaves the body the person dies. 
lapis lazuli
A precious stone of a fine blue color. It has been used in jewelry and for a variety of decorative...
mastaba
a flat-topped one-story structure with slanted walls over an ancient Egyptian undergrounfd...
megalith
a large stone used in prehistoric building.  Megalithic architecture employs such stones.
mesolithic
an Old World chronological period beginning around 10,000 years ago, situated between the...
post and lintel
am architectural system of construction with two or more vertical element (posts) supporting...
pylon
a massive gateway formed by a pair of tapering walls of oblong shape.  erected by ancient...
relief
a three-dimensional image or design whose flat background surface is carved away to a certain...
relieving triangle
Approximate triangle above a lintel where masonry courses in a wall are corbelled over each...
rhyton
a vessel in the shape of a figure or an animal, used for drinking or pounding liquids on special...
sarcophagus
a stone coffin.  Often rectangular and decorated with relief sculpture. 
stele
a stone slab placed vertically and decorated with inscriptions or reliefs.  Used as a...
tholos
a small, round building.  Sometimes built underground, as in mycenaean tomb.
ziggurat
in Mesopotamia,  a tall stepped tower of earthen material, often supporting a shrine.


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