Archaeological Approaches

9 cards

Basic approaches to archaeology.Includes questions from the myth of the Moundbuilders.


 
  
Created Sep 28, 2011
by
csili

 

 
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1
What is the focus for the ideational perspective? 
 
Ideas, symbols, and mental structures as driving forces behind human behavior.
2
What does the adaptive perspective emphasize?
 
Technology, ecology, demography, and economy in the definition of human behavior. 
3
In the case of the mica graves in Mound City, Ohio, how the mica symbolized prestige is an...
 
Ideational perspective
4
What are the six steps of the scientific method?
 
1. Define problem/question
2. Establish hypotheses
3. Determine empirical implications
4....
5
How does the humanistic approach differ from the scientific approach?
 
Humanistic approach is personal internal, and historical. Scientific approach is impersonal,...
6
Who was originally thought to have built the Native American mounds and earthworks?
 
A superior civilization destroyed by Native Americas.
7
What hypothesis was Thomas Jefferson testing when he excavated the burial mound on his property?...
 
That the bones inside resulted from warfare. No. He found that the burials had accumulated...
8
Who did Emphraim Squier and Edwin Davis think built the Native American mounds?
 
Ancestors of the "semi-civilized" nations of Mexico and Central America
9
Who was chosen to head up the Bureau of Ethnology's new division of mound studies?
 
Cyrus Thomas

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