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APUSH Unit 11 Terms

Terms
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Side ASide B
middle-class woman who was deeply dedicated to uplifting the urban masses. She was one...
Jane Addams
armed with the insights of socialism and endowed with the voice of an actress, she was...
Florence Kelley
she founded the Church of Christ, Scientist (Christian Science) in 1879, after she had...
Mary Baker Eddy
he published a volume called the On Origin of the Species. His theory of evolution argued...
Charles Darwin
he developed a plan for bettering the lots of blacks. His commitment to training young blacks...
Booker T. Washington
the first African American to earn a PhD at Harvard. He demanded complete equality for...
W. E. B. Du Bois
he made a large impact in psychology through his numerous writings. He was one of America’s...
William James
he was a journalist-author who was an original thinker who left an enduring mark. Poor...
Henry George
he wrote rags-to-riches stories, usually about a good boy that made good. They all championed...
Horatio Alger
his original name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens. He traveled through the West and wrote...
Mark Twain
she was a feminist who published Women and Economics,...
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
she took command of the suffrage battle. Under her, the suffragists de-emphasized the...
Carrie Chapman Catt
he was an urban Catholic leader devoted to American unity, who was immensely popular with Roman...
Cardinal James Gibbons
a former Chicago shoe salesmen. He was a country boy who made good in the big city. Proclaiming...
Dwight L. Moody
a chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas.
 megalopolis
a place where immigrants came for counseling, literacy training, child care, and cultural...
 settlement house
antiforeignism. These people worried that the original Anglo-Saxon population would soon...
Nativism
came from Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species....
evolution
the most famous work of William James in 1907. The concept of pragmatism held that...
pragmatism
the name given to the colorful comics written by Joseph Pulitzer, comics that featured...
yellow journalism
Eastern and Southern Europeans. They came for the same reasons as the Old Immigrants,...
New Immigration
an idea proposed by Protestant clergymen Walter Rauschenbusch and Washington Gladden that...
social gospel
the most prominent (though not the first) American settlement house founded by Jane Addams.
Hull House
They were an Antiforeign organization like the "Know Nothings" before the Civil War. Created...
American Protective Association
soldiers that invaded America from England in 1879 without swords and established a beachhead...
. Salvation Army
the founding of adult school. Public lectures held in tents featuring well known speakers...
. Chautauqua movement
law passed in 1862 after the South seceded to provide a generous grant of public lands...
Morrill Act
self appointed defender of sexual purity (Anthony Comstock) boasted that he had confiscated...
Comstock Law
organized in 1874 to combat female alcoholism
Women's Christian Temperance Union
took refuge north of the border after the Battle of Little Bighorn. Chief Joseph hoped...
Sitting Bull
led a "scientific" expedition into the Black Hills of South Dakota (part of the Sioux...
George A. Custer
surrendered the band of Nez Percé Indians to U.S. authorities in 1877 after a three month trek...
Chief Joseph
In 1851 Mexican troops killed his mother, wife, and three of his children initiating his...
Geronimo
a Massachusetts writer of children's books who published Helen Hunt Jackson
A geologist and explorer of the Colorado River’s Grand Canyon. He was the director of...
John Wesley Powell
The leading spirit of The National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry. He was a Minnesota...
Oliver H. Kelley
He wrote a popular pamphlet titled Coin’s Financial...
William Hope Harvey:
The queen of the Populist “calamity howlers.” She was known as the “Kansas Pythoness.”...
Mary Elizabeth Lease
He wrote an essay titled “The Significance of the Frontier in American History” in...
Frederick Jackson Turner
He was a general during the Civil War. He was chosen as the presidential candidate of...
James B. Weaver
The most famous marcher. He set out for Washington in 1894 with a few score of supporters...
Jacob S. Coxey
A charismatic labor leader. He helped organize the American Railway Union of about 150,000...
Eugene V. Debs
Leading candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 1896. He was a former...
William McKinley
He fought to get William McKinley the Republican nomination for president. He used the...
Marcus Alonzo Hanna
lasted from 1876-1877. These were spectacular clashes between the Sioux Indians and white men....
Sioux Wars
A band if Indians in northeastern Oregon. They were goaded into to flight, when US authorities...
Nez Percé
Native American-Indian tribe; 1870's; group from Arizona and New Mexico led by Geronimo...
Apache
A cult that tried to call the spirits of past warriors to inspire the young braves to...
Ghost Dance
A group of white Christian reformist tried to bring Christian beliefs on to the Indians....
Battle of Wounded Knee
1887, dismantled American Indian tribes, set up individuals as family heads with 160 acres,...
. Dawes Severalty Act
In 1876, Colonel George A. Custer and 260 of his men were killed by Sioux Indians led...
. Little Big Horn
The Native American term for African-American soldiers in the West
Buffalo Soldiers
This discovery of gold and silver caused an explosion in the population of Nevada. The...
Comstock Lode
the practice of driving cattle over unpopulated western plains to a railroad to be shipped...
Long Drive
this law allowed settlers to acquire land live on it for five years, improving it (farming,...
Homestead Act
this refers to the state of Oklahoma. When the government decided to allow settlement...
Sooner State
The idea that when hard times came the unemployed moved west and became prosperous farmers....
safety-valve theory
– large farms that grew only one crop, usually wheat. Through these farming became more...
Bonanza farms
an organization of farmers that began in 1867. Its objectives centered around improving...
National Grange
these laws attempted to recognize the principle of public control over private business...
Granger laws
this organization was founded in the late 1870sto advocate farmers. They were somewhat...
Farmers' Alliance
mostly advocated for the farmers (later on incorporated urban workers with some success) and...
Populist (People's) Party
this famous march was lead by Jacob S. Coxly who intended to invade Washington and give...
Coxey's Army
this railroad worker strike stopped all railroad traffic from Chicago, where it was located,...
Pullman Strike
William Jennings Bryan made this speech. In it he advocated the use of silver. He was...
Cross of Gold speech
this was the proposed ratio of silver to gold that the Populist-Democrats advocated. It...
"16 to 1"
the political system that began after the 1896 elections. It was a long reign of Republican...
fourth party system"
this was rammed through the House in 1897 and increases tariffs to counter the tariff...
. Dingley Tariff bill
this law provided that paper money could be freely exchanged with gold.
Gold Standard Act

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