APUSH Test 2

APUSH Test 2 Study Set
 
Created Oct 4, 2010
by makaim
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Side ASide B
Expansion of Railroads
Railroad track miliage + 113%, more railroad cars. Patrons of hunbantry form to negotiate railroad...
The Grange
Oliver Hudson Kelley 1867, formed the National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry, at first...
Granger Laws
series of laws passed to regulate grain and railroad freight costs / abuses against farmers
William Jennings Bryan (platform)
Bryan endorsed free silver, supported income tax, condemed trusts, 
Munn V.S. Illinois
States can regulate private businesses/industries in the interest of the people
Interstate Commerce Act
1887 - outlawed pools, descriminatory rates for use of railroads against farmers/workers
Interstate Commerce Commission
reglatory body created by ICA, central issue was rate discrimination between similarly situated...
Time Zones
1883, result of railroads & need to set arrival/departure times
Tecnological Advancements/Inventions
telephone, lights, typewriter, first skyscrapers
Theory of the Leisure Class
book, first published in 1899 by Thorstein Veblen, critique of consumerism, emerging wealthy...
Where the rich built their summer homes
5th Avenue and Newport RI
"Robber Barrons" (names and industries)
Cornelius Vanderbilt (railroads),  Henry B. Plant (railroads) - Florida, Henry Clay Frick...
Standard Oil
John D. Rockefeller, Standard Oil, predominant American integrated oil producing, transporting,...
Sherman Antitrust Act
1890, first measure passed by the U.S. Congress to prohibit trusts
U.S. vs E.C. Knight Company
(1895), legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court first interpreted the Sherman Antitrust...
"In god we trusted in Kansas we busted"
This saying expressed the frustration of many settlers who "busted" or went broke on farms...
wheat/cotton prices from 1870-1895
Prices Driven down by international over-abundance...deflation
People's Party/Populists
Established in 1887, Based among poor white cotton farmers in the South (especially North Carolina,...
Public Credit Act
1869 - All civil war bond to be repayed in gold
Specie Resumption Act
1879, all greenbacks will be converted to gold
Greenback party
1874-1884, against transfer to gold, would give banks all the power, condemn use of militias...
Free Silver movement
reaction to "crime of 1873", which elliminated silver as form of currency, silverites who want...
16:1
16oz silver equals one oz of gold in value...coined accordingly
"crime of 1873"
silver dollar ommited from national currency in 1873, thought by laborers to be attempt to...
Bland-Allison Act
1878, required US Treasury to mint 2-4million$ silver each month and mint, president Hayes,...
Sherman Silver Purchase Act
1890, named after senator John Sherman, Ohio republican, U.S. government was now required to...
national Farmer's Alliance
Farmers' Alliance was an umbrella term for several grassroots farmers organizations active...
NFA's Political Platform
Alliance leaders demanded government regulation or outright ownership of telegraphs and railroads;...
Great Railroad Strike
1877, Baltimore, Kansas, City, CHicago, St. Louis, railroad workers go on strike after pay...
Knights of Labor
labor organization lead by Terrance Powderly, promoted the social and cultural uplift of the...
Haymarket Bombing
1886 Chigago's Haymarket Square, socialist labor party, workers on strike, bomb thrown into...
American Federation of labor
founded in 1886 by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor, a national...
Henry George (Progress + Poverty)
Progress and Poverty was written by Henry George in 1879. The book is a treatise on the cyclical...
Edward Bellamy (Looking Backward)
book tells the story of Julian West, a young American who, towards the end of the 19th century,...
William McKinley (Platform)
McKinley denounced free silver, would cause 57cent doller (deflation)
Homestead Strike/Results
1892, Homestead Plant (near Pittsburgh) (steel plant), Henry Frick (overseer) vs Amalagated...
Depression of 1893-1897
a serious economic depression in the United States,panic was marked by the collapse of railroad...
Coxey's Army
1893, Washington, Jacob Coxey, 1st march on Washington, DC, demand public workers program,...
Pullman Strike/Results
Eugene Debs - head of American Railway Union, 1894, workers on Pull man car company (rail cars...
American Railway Union
the largest labor union of its time, and one of the first industrial unions in the United States....
People's Party
Established in 1887, Based among poor white cotton farmers in the South (especially North Carolina,...
Leonidas Polk
Alliance president Leonidas Polk, editor of North Carolina's Progressive Farmer, would have...
James B Weaver
Presidential cantidate for Populist party in 1892, won 9% of popular vote
Populists/Platform
party's platform, commonly known as the Omaha Platform, called for the abolition of national...
Election 1892
Grover Cleaveland (democrat) vs Benjamin Harrison (Republican), vs James Weaver (Populist....
Panic of 1893
a serious economic depression in the United States,panic was marked by the collapse of railroad...
Mark Hanna
Chairman of Republican National Committe, developed from pourch campaign strategy
Election 1896
William Jennings Bryan (Democrat) vs WIlliam McKinley (Republican) McKinley won, Republican...

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