APUSH Review Terms Part 3

Progressives And WWI
Created May 5, 2012
by evfordyce
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Progressives
developed out of the populist movement, came to dominate the first 2 decades of the twentieth...
muckrackers
hournalists who wrote exposes of corporate gree dand misconduct. revealed widespread corruption...
Lincoln Steffen
exposed corruptiion in urban management in the Shame of the Cities
Ida Tarbell
exposed curruption of the oil industries in her history or standard oil
Uptown Sinclair
exposed corruption in the meat packing inudstry with /the Jungle
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
headed by WEB Du Bois, this group worked to fight against black discrimination. Du Bois abandoned...
The feminist movement
lead by margaret sanger, faced whide opposition for promiting the use of contraceptives (illegal...
19th amendment
the feminist movements greatest succes during the 20th century. won women the right to vote. 
Robert LaFollette
led the way for many progressive state leaders. LaFollette in wisconson implemented plans for...
ballot initiative
many states extended greater power to voters by adopting the ballot initiative, through which...
referendum
allowed the public to vote on new laws
recall electgion
gave voters the power to remove officials from office before their terms expired. 
Theodore Roosevelt
most prominent PRogressive leader. people expected him to be a conservative, but his politics...
President Taft
President after Teddy Roosevelt, spearheading the drive for 2 constitutional amendments, one...
President Wilson
pres after taft, ran against roosevelt who ran for reelection on the bull moose ticket. roosevelts...
Platt Amendment
T Roosevelts administration strongarmed cuba into accepting the Platt amendment, which committed...
Panama Canal
under T Roosevelt, Congress approved a plan for a canal through Panama to shorten the sea trip...
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctine
known as the big stick policy, US trooops intervened repeatedly in Latin America claiming that...
neutrality
When WWI broke out, Wilson had jsut been elected president as a democrat. war broke out in...
British blockade on germany
britain imposed a blockade on germany very effectivly because of its superior naby. we were...
submarines and U boats
germany attempted to counter the blockade with submarines or U boats. according to contemporaneous...
The Lusitania
German submarines sank the passenger ship the Lusitania in 1915 killing 1,200 passengers, the...
Sinking of the Arabic and preparedness
when germany continued submarine warfare, they sank another passsenger liner, the arabic. in...
Zimmerman telegram
british intercepted telegram from german foreign minister zimmerman in 1917. outlined a german...
War Industry Board
created to coordinate all facets of industrial and agricultural production, sought to guarantee...
Espionage act
1917 prohibited anyone from using the US mail system to interfere with the war effort and draft. 
Sedition Act 1918
illegal to try and prevent the sale of war bonds or to speak disparagingly of the govt, the...
Schenck v. United States
1919 the supreme corut upheld the espionage act. Schenck was aprominent socialist and ccritic...
Federal Bureau of investigation
created to prevent radicals from taking over. Headed by J. edgar Hoover. radical labor unions...
Palmer Raids
early 1920. the govt abandonded all pretext of respecting civil liberties as its agents raided...
Committee on Public Information (CPI)
wartime propaganda arm of the government. messages became more sensational as the war went...
Women opportunities from WWI
not really increased employment for omen, but their means of employment changed. many women...
Blacks during WWI
many blacks in the south moved to the big cities in the north realizing that wartime manufacturing...
14 points
american participation in WWI tipped the balance in the allies favor, and 2 years after american...
Treaty of Versailles
european allies anted a peace settlement that punished germany. under Versaille, germany was...
debate over the League of nations in the US
main debate over article X. many people belived it curtailed americas ability to act independently...
Lodge Reservations
wilson was unwilling to compromise, especially since henry cabot lodge was wilsons political...
The Jazz age and the Great Depression - pro buisness (1920-1933)
after WWI, the progressive reform ended. americans became more comfortable with the idea of...
Presidents Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover
presidents during the jazz age and great depression. pursied pro buisness policies and surrounded...
Teapot Dome Scandal
Harding, an honest presidnet surrounded himself with corrupt advisors, and several of his cabinet...
Hardins domestic policy
more liberal than wilson when it came to civil rights though more economically conservative....
drop in labor union participation
caused by pro buisness atmosphere. efforts of buisnessess to woo orkers ith pension plans,...
automobile
henry ford lowerd the cost of automobiles with assembly line and production. mby the end of...
radio
changed the nations culture during the jazz age. created the advertising indursry to hype all...
consumerism
required families to have alot of money and single earner households often couldnt affort to...
the flapper
changed the traditional role of women. new ideas were brought by WWI, the big city, the right...
Culture of the movies
grew rapidly in the 1920s and reflected the modernization of american society. reflecteed the...
the lost generation
F. Scott Fitzgerald, ernist hemingway, and eugene o Neill. many of these writers moved to wurope...
Harlem Renaissance
in the largest black neighborhood of NC+YC, theatres, cultureal clubs, and newpapers sprung...
popularization of jazz
black cultural development, featured improvisation and free spiritedness, came to me seen as...
Ku Klux Klan
vacklash from the rapid transition into the modern age. grew to more than 5 million members...
Sacco and Vanzetti
anti immigration groups grew against the southern and eastern eurioean immigrants. intensified...
Emergency Quota Act of 1924
set immigration quotas based on national orgins and discriminated against the new immigrants...
John Thomas Scopes and the Scopes Monkey trial
broke a rule about not teaching evolution in schools. Clarence Darrow and William Jennings...
Prohibition
banned the maufacture, sale, or transport of alcoholic beverages. had roots in the reform campaigns...
18th amendment
outlawed frinking, passed in 1917. people came to resent the governments intrusion in what...
October 1929
just after hoover was elected president, the stock market crashed, as one of the main reasons...
speculation
irresponsible speculation helped lead to the stockmarket crash as traders  weer buying...
hoovervilles
shanty towns built by the homeless who had lost their life savings and were unable to keep...
dust bowl
farmers effected in the depression by the dust bowl with the great plains area odf the midwest....
Farmers Holiday association
created during the great depression by farmers to keep prices at farm actions low. organized...
Hawley Smoot Tariff
at first hoover opposed federal relief efforts because it violated rugged individualism but...
Bonus Expeditionary Force
Congress considered early payment of benefits to WWI veterans. thousands of veterans walked...
Franklin D Roosevelt
won easily over hoovers reelection because he argued for a more interventionist government...
First Hundred Days
emergancy session of congress in 1933 when roosevelt took office. lasted 100 days and the govt...
First New Deal
included the Emergency Banking RElief bill, the fireside chats, the Banking Act of 1933, the...
Emergency Banking Relief Bill
put poorly managed banks under conrtol of the tresury department and granted government licenses...
fireside chats
roosevelt reassured the public that the banks were once again secure. more than 60 million...
Banking Act of 1933
created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to guarantee bank deposits, which...
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
in responce to the overproduction of farmers and their low prices. The AAA provided payments...
Farm Credit Act
passed right after the AAA< provided loans to those farmers in danger of foreclosure.
National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)
established government control over industry. consolidated buisnesses and coordinated their...
Public Works Admonistration PWA
set aside $3 billion to create jobs building roads, sewers, public housing units, and other...
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
provided grants to the states to manage their on PWA like projects. 
Tennessee Valley Authority TVA
one of the new deals most daring moves, the govt took over the TVA. under govt control the...
National LAbor RElations Board
created during the first hundred days. mediated labor disputes but wasnt implemented until...
Securities and Exchange Commision (SEC)
regulated the stockmarket. created during the first hundred days but not implimented until...
Conservative opposition to the new deal
opposed the higher tax rates that the new deal brought, also disliked the increase in government...
Leftist opposition to the New Deal
Complained that the AAA policy of paying farmers not to grow was immoral, given that many americans...
Socialist party
despair caused by the Depression provided fodder for a more radical left, and the socialists...
Schechter poultry coup vs US
invalidated sections of the NIRA ont he grounds that the codes created under this agency were...
United states v. butler
the aAA was struch down. Roosevelt responded by trying to pack the courts by increasing the...
Second New Deal
included the Works PRogress Administration (WPA), the second hundred dats, broadening the pwoers...
Works PRogress Administration (WPA)
generated more than 8 million jobs, all paid for by the govt. along with public works prpjects,t...
Secon Hundred days
the summer of 1935 was called this because importance of the legislation passed was comparable...
Social Security Adminisration
created during the second hundred days. provided retirement benefits for many orkers, incluiding...
New Deal Coalition
the cumulative effect of these programs led to the creation of the new deal coalition, made...
Judicail organization bill
first failure of FDRspresidency happened during begining of his second term. tried to appoint...
1937 recession
caused by FDR cutting back on new deal policies in an effort to balance the budget after he...
second AAA
FDR had to take money out of his new deal policies to build up the military when it looked...
Fair Labor Standads ACt
set a minimum wage and established the 40 hour work week for a number of professions. not long...
The WAshington conference !921-1922
8 of the worlds great powers met, resulting in treaty set limits on stockpiling armaments and...
The Kellogg Briand Pact 1928
62 nations signed the pact which condemed war as a means of foeign policy. although it contained...
Good Neigbor Policy 1934
in latin america, the US tried to back away from its interventionist policy and replace it...
protectionism
during the republican administrations of the 1920s, the US govt kept tariffs high. 
Reciprical Trade Agreements Act
under FDR< allowed the president to reduce tariffs if he felt doing so would help achieve...
most favored nation trade status
under the Reciprocal trade Agreements Act. countries granted this status were eligible for...
isolationsim
disenchantment with the results of WWI led to isolationist sentiment, a stance amplified by...
neutrality acts
congresses responce to the nye commission. the first prohibited the sales of arms to either...
cash and carry
when WWII broke out, congress responded with the 3rd neutrality act which required the allies...
Lend Lease Act
roosevelt worked ot assist the allies with the limits allowed by the neutrality ats. he instituted...
Atlantic Charter Conference
FDR and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met at the conference, declaring the allies...
Tripartite Pact
Japan entered an alliance with ITaly and Germany in 1940. THe us responded to japanese agression...
Pearl Harbor
Japan attacked pearl harbor in responce to the embargo placed by the US. the US waited for...
the big three
Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill. first met at the teheran conferenfce where they planned D...
War Production Board
during world war II. allowed the governmetn to acquire more power than it previously had by...
rationing
rationins of almost all consumer goods was imposed. the govt sponsored scientific research...
Labor Disputes Act 1943
passed in reaction to a disconcerting number of strikes in essential industries, allowed govt...
hollywood during WWII
enlisted to create numerous propaganda films, both to encourage support on the homefront and...
Selective Training and Service act of 1940
created the first peacetime draft in US history and established the Selective Service System,...
african americans in WWII
more than a million blacks enlisted, but lived and worked in segregated uniits. the US army...
women during WWII
rosie the rivetor - used to persuade women to pick up factory jobs in war production to help...
internment of Japanese Americans
1942 till 1945. govt imprisoned more than 110000 japanese americans, over 2/3 whom were born...
Korematsu vs. United States
upheld the internment policy of the United States of Japanese Americans.
Yalta
the victorious allies in 1945 met to redraw the world map. Stalin wanted to created a buffer...
satellites and the Iron curtain
began 3 weeks after the Yalta conference when Soviet tanks rolled into Romania. 
the United Nations
created by the victorious allies to mediate future international disputes. 
Postdam
the allies met at Postdam to decide how to implement the agreements of Yalta. this time, truman...
atomic bomb
used by truman because of american soviet animostiy because america feared soviets would enter...


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