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1st permanent British settlement in North America (Name, date)
First Representative assembly (name, date)
Virginia House of Burgesses, 1619
Separatist Colony (name, date)
Puritan Colony (name, date, founder, event name associated with its establishment)
Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1630, John Winthrop, the Great Migration
Colonies established for (complete) religious tolerance (there are two specific names that later become cities, and they are in the same state)
Portsmouth and Providence, Rhode Island; Providence established by Roger Williams in 1636, Portsmouth established by Anne Hutchinsen and some other dissenters; emphasis on complete...
First written constitution (name, date)
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, 1639
Maryland statute regarding religion (name, date)
Act of Toleration, 1649 (remember that this religious toleration did not extend to non-Christians)
Series of raids against Indians on the Virginia frontier (name, date, significance)
Bacon's Rebellion, 1676; showed the sharp class differences of the time, as well as colonial resistance to royal control
Religious movement that caused a major division within churches (name, general time frame of when it was strongest, some important characters, results of movement)
The First Great Awakening, 1730s-1740s; Two important preachers: Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield; separation between "New" and "Old Lights"; Baptists and Methodists gain popularity
Albany Plan (date, description, significance)
1754; Plan for an intercolonial government (in response to problems arising during French and Indian War), delegates met in Albany NY. The Plan did not pass, but set a precedent for...
French and Indian War (time frame, description, significance)
1754-1763, part of the Seven Years War fought in Europe and North America. The war established Great Britain as THE major power in North America, and also changed the relationship between...
Sugar Act (date)
Quartering Act (date, description)
1765, called for the colonies to provide food and places to stay for British soldiers
Stamp Act (date, description)
1765, it was the first direct tax, and made people buy stamps for paper products
Declaratory Act (date, description: include a term associated with this Act)
1766; Mainly a "saving-face" gesture after the repealing of certain Acts, it re-emphasized the concept of "virtual representation," and told the colonies that Britain had absolute authority
Townshend Act (date, description)
1767, continued taxation and also allowed for searches in houses for smuggled goods with just a writ of assistance
Boston Massacre (date, number of people killed)
1770, 5 people
Coercive Acts (date, description)
1774, included the Port Act (which closed the port of Boston until the damage of the Boston Tea Party was paid for, reduced power of MA government, allowed royal officials to be tried...
First Continental Congress (date, purpose, significance)
1774; to decide how colonies should deal with Britain's "bad handling" of colonial rights/liberty; majority of people didn't think of independence, and only wanted to stop the infringements...
Second Continental Congress (date, decisions)
1775; voted to send an "Olive Branch Petition" (denied by England), but also decided to rally up troops headed by George Washington
Declaration of Independence (date)
July 4, 1776
Revolutionary War (time frame)
1775-1783; Important victory at Saratoga brought France into the war as an ally of the colonies. Official surrender by Cornwallis at Yorktown, 1783=Treaty of Paris
Articles of Confederation (date adopted, what did it say?)
1777, gave congress power to wage war, send diplomatic representatives, and borrow money; Congress could not regulate commerce or collect taxes. Made incredibly weak central government...
Shays' Rebellion (date, reason, significance)
1786, farmers against high taxes, lack of paper money; revealed the negative effects of the Articles of Confederation
Land Ordinance of 1785 (what it did)
Policy for selling the western lands, put aside sections for public education
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 (what it did)
Set rules for creating new states, prohibited slavery in new regions
1794, Washington sent troops to deal with the uprising, but no blood was shed.
Marbury v. Madison
1803, established precedent of judicial review
1807, no American merchant ships allowed to sail to any foreign port. Later, lightened up to only prohibiting trade w/ Britain and France
Treaty of Ghent
1814, ended war of 1812 with a stalemate, but America gained more recognition
Tariff of 1816
Congress raised tariff rates to protect American manufacturing, this tariff was the first protective tariff
Panic of 1819
Economic disaster, caused by land speculation, ended up with banks closing down, loss of jobs, increased debt, etc.
Signed in 1820 by Monroe, Missouri admitted as slave state, Maine as a free state, prohibited slavery north of 36/30 line in Louisiana Territory (Clay=Great Compromiser)