APUSH History Final

112 cards

Mac's APUSH Final @ Rosati


 
  
Created May 15, 2011
by
sevenbarbies

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Post Civil War South
 
destroyed; government sets up office called Freedmen's Bureau to protect newly freed slaves
2
Freedmen's Bureau
 
welfare for newly freed slaves
3
Andrew Johnson on ticket
 
Lincoln put Johnson on ticket because he was a Southerner and was pro-Union
4
Wade Davus Bill
 
vindictive plan for Reconstruction of South (pushed by Radical Republicans)
5
Black Codes
 
system to re-restablish authority and chain blacks to the land (sharecropping)
6
13th, 14th, and 15th amendments
 

13 - outlaws slavery

14 - equal protection under law

15 - right to vote

(all...

7
Reconstruction timeline
 

1865 - 1877

Republicans get Hayes as president, Democrats gets the removal of troops...

8
women and 14th amendment
 

dislike 14th amendment because it's the first time the word "male" is used

(guarantees...

9
Thaddeus Stevens' Plan
 
head of Radical Republicans; things would be better for African-Americans in the South without...
10
Boss Tweed
 
got immigrants to vote for him; in charge of Tammany Hall; brought down by political cartoons
11
Credit Mobilier scandal
 
congressmen are bribed for land
12
late 19th century Democratic party
 
South and Catholics vote for Democrats
13
disenfranchising African-Americans
 
poll taxes, violence, lynching, literacy tests, grandfather clauses
14
Jim Crow laws
 
legalized segregation in the South
15
Pendleton Act
 
Federal employees can't contribute to political campaigns; look towards big business owners
16
Gilded Age presidents
 
all Republicans (except Cleveland)
17
Democratic tariff policies
 
wanted lower tariffs
18
election of 1888
 
won popular vote but not electoral vote
19
railroad funding
 
need land from government
20
impact of railroads
 
affects business
21
railroad technology
 
air brakes, standard gauge, telegraph, block signal
22
Interstate Commerce Act
 
regulate rail traffic
23
early industrial raw materials
 
iron & coal
24
Edison inventions
 
light bulb, movies, records
25
vertical integration (best ex.)
 
take over all parts in production process (Carnegie)
26
oil industry
 
(Rockefeller) industry explodes with internal combustion
27
corporations and 14th amendment
 
get equal protection under law (treated like citizens)
28
robber barons
 
Carnegie, Rockefeller, Vanderbilt
29
big city jobs
 
leaving farms and going to big cities for factory jobs
30
new immigrants
 
Southern and Eastern Europe
31
benefits of machine politics
 
give jobs to people to get their votes
32
Jane Addams/ Florence Kelley
 
start a settlement house
33
American Protective Association
 
nativists; against immigrants and Catholics
34
Darwinism
 
evolution; survival of the fittest
35
Booker T. Washington
 
thinks African-Americans should work within the system to become independent gradually in white...
36
W. E. B. DuBois
 
wants African-American independence now; starts NAACP
37
social realism literature
 

reflect society as it really is

(ex: The Jungle)

38
pop culture
 
industrialization; affects consumers; people have their hobbies
39
Native American War motives
 
resort to violence; want their land back; mad over broken treaties; all kinds of massacres...
40
Plain Indians surrender
 
depend on buffalo; nomadic; government kills all the buffalo to get rid of them
41
Dawes Severalty Act
 
tries to make Native Americans assimilate
42
Homestead Act
 
settlers move West because government gives away land really cheap
43
1880's farmer's money problems
 
better and better at growing crops, but prices decrease; railroads cheat them and start to...
44
Farmer's Alliance
 
group made to protect farmers from railroads
45
Populist party
 
develops from Farmer's Alliance; new political party (wants silver and gold standard, not just...
46
William Jennings Bryan
 
nominated several times; charismatic and likeable
47
election of 1896
 
biggest issue - gold standard
48
near-wars and diplomatic crises
 
America wants to expand to compete on world level
49
Queen Liliuokalani
 
last queen of Hawaii; America goes after her because they want Hawaii
50
Teller Amendment
 
if America beats Spain, Cuba will be given to Cubans
51
Emilio Aquinaldo
 
America takes over Phillipines, Emlio Aquinaldo leads resistance
52
Spanish-American war legacy
 

Cuba - good

Phillipines - bad, we end up fighting them

53
Phillipine nationalism
 
Phillipines want control from Spanish, and then Americans
54
Open Door policy
 
trade with China
55
Theodore Roosevelt
 
extroverted, personable, energetic
56
Panamanian nationalism
 
U.S. supports Panamanian nationalism, split from Columbia
57
Roosevelt Corollary
 
in addition to supporting Panama, we want their canal; addition to Monroe Doctrine
58
Social Gospel
 

1900 - 1910

Progressivism, social reform; settlement houses started; Protestant...

59
muckrakers
 
journalists that dug up stuff; investigative journalism; deals with social issues
60
17th amendment
 
popular election of senators (direct election), instead of state legislatures voting
61
initiative, referendum, and recall
 
Progressive era issues that try to expand democracy
62
female Progressive activity
 
comes out of settlement houses
63
TR's reform program
 

3C's

consumer protection, conservation, and regulation of corporations

64
The Jungle
 
by Upton Sinclair, about the meat-packing industry
65
TR's legacy
 
gives the presidency esteem and prestige (after bad Gilded Age presidents)
66
Taft's legacy
 
goes back on a lot of Roosevelt's ideas; stays with the status quo
67
Governor Wilson's legacy
 
Woodrow Wilson, made name for himself as reformer
68
election of 1912
 

Wilson: Democrat

Roosevelt: Progressive

Taft: Republican

Debs: Socialist

69
Wilson's personality
 
idealist, reformer, unwilling to compromise
70
Federal Reserve Act
 

establishes the Reserve Board

(President, Reserve Board, and then national banks)

71
Federal Trade Commission
 
response to corruption in stock market and business deals
72
Louis D. Brandeis
 
1st Jew to sit on the Supreme Court
73
Wilson's anti-imperialism
 
despite being anit-imperialist, invades Mexico, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic
74
WWI and U.S. economy
 
good economy (make money early on by trading with both sides)
75
Zimmerman note
 

secret note from Germany to Mexico

("join us and we'll give you back the Mexican...

76
WWI draft
 
can't pay your way out, try to make it as far as possible
77
U.S. entering WWI
 
U.S. unprepared
78
18th and 19th amendments
 

18 - Prohibition

19 - women's suffrage

79
League of Nations
 
Wilson's dream; weak because U.S. isn't involved (wanted isolationism, Senate didn't approve...
80
League of Nations' weakness
 
U.S. not involved because of Senate
81
Ku Klux Klan
 
popular in 1920's because of peak in immigration (fear of outsiders including Catholics)
82
Immigration Act of 1924
 
reaction to changing world (nativists against anything un-American)
83
Volstead Act
 
difficult to enforce in big cities (aka Prohibition)
84
John Dewey
 
education theorist that believed that education should apply to life (active learning)
85
1920's prosperity factors
 
rapid economic growth (assembly line, buying on credit)
86
consumer credit
 
rapid economic growth, buying things without money to back it up (pay more later)
87
automobile revolution
 
get suburbs because of better transportation, consolidation of schools, more promiscuity, women...
88
talkie
 
"The Jazz Singer" - 1st talkie (movie with sound)
89
jazz
 
derived from slavery/ African-Americans; uniquely American
90
buying on margin
 
buying stocks with borrowed money; pay back more money later
91
Harding's economic policies
 
Republican; favors big business
92
American Legion lobbying
 
veterans from WWI; looking for their bonus (becomes Bonus Army ten years later)
93
Teapot Dome scandal
 
related to oil; scam in Harding administration
94
Coolidge personality
 
serious, calm, shy, boring, "Silent Cal"
95
Al Smith
 
1920's candidate; Catholic governor of New York; more colorful than other candidates
96
Hoover's personality
 
in charge of war effort in WWI, then Secretary of Commerce; presidential election is his 1st...
97
Hoover's depression solutions
 
wanted to wait and see what would happen with the Depression (Democrats wanted to give direct...
98
Bonus Army
 
wanted their bonus from WWI; march on Washington; veterans from WWI
99
Eleanor Roosevelt
 
wanted to give aid to poorest of the poor; 1st First Lady to take an active role
100
Democratic Party platform of 1932
 
wanted to give direct aid to people during Depression
101
Hundred Days
 
1st 100 days of FDR's administration; passes all this legislation ("alphabet soup"/ New Deal)
102
WPA
 

Works Progress Administration; put people to work

(ex: River Des Peres)

103
CCC
 
CIvilian Conservation Corps; put young men to work; most popular New Deal program (creates...
104
Dust Bowl contributing factors
 
cut down all the trees, terrible drought, people farm lands they shouldn't, dry farming
105
Social Security Act
 
helps old and disabled people (orphans, etc.)
106
court-packing scheme
 
FDR wants to pack the court; unconstitutional
107
FDR's Good Neighbor policy
 
attempt to make friends with Latin American countries
108
Fascist aggression
 

Hitler - (German) invades European countries

Mussolini - (Italian) invades Ethiopia

Franco...

109

embargo

cash and carry

lend/lease

 
at first we embarge (don't sell weapons to other countries), then use cash and carry policy...
110
appeasement
 
Munich Conference; gave Hitler Sudetenland and let him have his way
111
nonagrression pact
 
Hitler signs nonagression pact with Russia (wouldn't attack each other and they would split...
112
destroyers for bases
 
America trades war ships for important military bases in Western Hemisphere

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