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APUSH EXAM CARDS

A Set Of Flashcards For Leepers AP Students. That Are Studying For The AP Test.
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Side ASide B
Separatist vs. Non- Separatist Puritans
 Radical Calvinists against the Church of England; Separatists (Pilgrims) argued for a break from the Church of England, led the Mayflower, and established the settlement at Plymouth
Northwest Passage
BELIEVED TO PROVIDE SHORTCUT FROM ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC, SEARCHED FOR BY GIOVANNI DE VERRAZANO FOR FRANCIS 1 IN THE RACE TO ASIAN WEALTH
CONVERSION EXPERIENCE
REQUIRED OF MEMBERS OF THE PURITAN CHURCH; TOOK PLACE OF BAPTISM REQUIRED BY THE CATHOLIC CHURCH
SOCIAL RECIPROCITY
SOCIETY NATURALLY PUNISHES CRIMINALS INDISCRIMINATELY 
CHRUCH OF ENGLAND
PROTESTANT CHURCH LED BY THE KING OF ENGLAND, INDEPENDENT OF CATHOLIC CHURCH, TENDED TOWARDS CATHOLICISM DURING REIGN OF CATHOLIC AUTHORITY
ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE
OFTEN DEBTORS SOLD TO SLAVE TRADERS BY AFRICAN KINGS SEEKING RICHES; COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE
JAMESTOWN
FIRST PERMANENT ENGLIS SETTLEMENT IN THE AMERICAS (1607), ALONG JAMES RIVER
JOHN SMITH
INTRODUCED WORK ETHIC TO JAMESTOWN COLONY, SANITATION, DIPLOMAT TO LOCAL NATIVE AMERICAN TRIBES; HAD FOUGHT SPANISH AND TURKS
POCAHONTAS
KEY TO ENGLISH-NATIVE AMERICAN RELATIONSHIP, DIED IN ENGLAND IN 1617
MAYFLOWER COMPACT
FOUNDATION FOR SELF GOVERNMENT LAID OUT BY THE FIRST MASSACHUSETTS SETTLERS BEFORE ARRIVING ON LAND
JOHN WINTHROP
CALVINIST, DEVISED CONCEPT OF "CITY ON A HILL"(A MODEL OF CHRISTIAN CHARITY); FOUNDED HIGHLY SUCCESSFUL TOWNS IN MASSACHUSETTS BAY
"CITY ON A HILL"
EXEMPLARY CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY, RICH TO SHIW CHARITY, HELD TO CALVINISTIC BELIEFS
INDENTURED SERVANTS
SETTLERS TO PAY THE EXPENSES OF A SERVANT'S VOYAGE AND BE GRANTED LAND FOR EACH PERSON THEY BROUGHT OVER, HEADRIGHT SYSTEM
MARYLAND ACT OF RELIGIOUS TOLERATION (1649)
MANDATED THE TOLERATION OF ALL CHRISTIAN DENOMINATIONS IN MARYLAND, EVEN THOUGH MARYLAND WAS FOUNDED FOR CATHOLICS (BUT MAJORITY WAS PROTESTANT)
JAMES 1, CHARLES1
RELUCTANT TO GIVE COLONISTS THEIR OWN GOVERNMENT, PREFERRED TO APPOINT ROYAL GOVERNORS
WILLIAM PENN AND THE QUAKERS
SETTLED IN PENNSYLVANIA, BELIEVED THE "INNER LIGHT" COULD SPEAK THROUGH ANY PERSON AND RAN RELIGIOUS SERVICES WITHOUT MINISTERS
ROGER WILLIAMS
CHALLENGED NEW ENGLANDERS TO COMPLETELY SEPARATE CHURCH FROM STATE, AS THE STATE WOULD CORRUPT THE CHURCH
ANNE HUTCHINSON
CHALLENGED NEW ENGLAND CALVINIST MINISTERS' AUTHORITY, AS THEY TAUGHT THE GOOD WORKS FOR SALVATION OF CATHOLICISM
THE HALF-WAY COVENANT 
NEW ENGLANDERS WHO DID NOT WISH TO RELATE THEIR CONVERSION EXPERIENCES COULD BECOME HALF-WAY SAINTS SO THAT THEIR CHILDREN WOULD BE ABLE TO HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO BECOME SAINTS
BACON'S REBELLION
REBELS FELT THE GOVERNOR OF VIRGINIA FAILED TO PROTECT THE FRONTIER FROM THE NATIVE AMERICANS
NAVIGATION ACTS
ONLY ENGLISH AND AMERICAN SHIPS ALLOWED TO COLONIAL PORTS, DISSENT BEGAN IN 1763
MERCANTILISM
ENSURED TRADE WITH MOTHER COUNTRY, NATIONALISM; TOO RESTRICTIVE ON COLONIAL ECONOMY, NOT VOTED ON BY COLONISTS
CHARLES 2, JAMES2
TRIED TO RULES AS ABSOLUTE MONARCHS WITHOUT USINGS PARLIAMENT, LITTLE TO NO SYMPATHY FOR COLONIAL LEGISLATURES
WILLIAM AND MARY
ENDED THE DOMINION OF NEW ENGLAND, GAVE POWER BACK TO COLONIES
DOMINION OF NEW ENGLAND
COMBINED MASSACHUSETTS, NEW HAMPSHIRE, CONNECTICUT, RHODE ISLAND, AND PLYMOUTH(AND LATER JERSEY AND NEW YORK) INTO ONE "SUPERCOLONY" GOVERNED BY SIR EDMUND ANDROS, A "SUPERGOVERNOR"
THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
WILLIAM AND MARY KICKED JAMES 2 OUT OF ENGLAND(EXILED INTO FRANCE), ALLOWED MORE POWER TO THE LEGISLATURES
JAMES OGLETHORPE
ESTABLISHED COLONY OF GEORGIA AS A PLACE FOR HONEST DEBTORS
THE ENLIGHTENMENT 
EMPHASIS ON HUMAN REASON, LOGIC, AND SCIENCE(ACQUIRED, NOT NASCENT, KNOWLEDGE); INCREASED FOLLOWERS OF CHRISTIANITY
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN
CONNECTED THE COLONIES TO BRITAIN, OPPOSED TO UNNECESSARY UNFAIR TAXATION; STRONG INFLUENCE ON ALBANY PLAN
THE GREAT AWAKENING
BEGAN BY EDWARDS TO RETURN TO PURITANISM, INCREASED OVERALL RELIGIOUS INVOLVEMENT, GAVE WOMEN MORE ACTIVE ROLES IN RELIGION, MORE AND MORE MINISTERS SPROUTED UP THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY;...
DEISTS
BELIEVED THAT GOD CREATED THE UNIVERSE TO ACT THROUGH NATURAL LAWS; FRANKLIN, JEFFERSON, PAINE
GEORGE WHITEFIELD
POWERFUL SPEAKER, TOURED THE COUNTRY AND INSPIRED MANY INTO CHRISTIANITY
JONATHAN EDWARDS
PURITAN MINISTER, LED REVIVALS, STRESSED IMMEDIATE REPENTANCE
NEW LIGHTS VS OLD LIGHTS
NEW LIGHTS BROUGHT NEW IDEAS, REJECTED BY OLD LIGHTS; BOTH SOUGHT OUT INSTITUTIONS INDEPENDENT OF EACH OTHER
ALBANY PLAN OF UNION
COLONIES PROPOSED COLONIAL CONFEDERATION UNDER LIGHTER BRITISH RULE (CROWN-APPOINTED PRESIDENT "GRAND COUNCIL"); NEVER TOOK EFFECT
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR
FRENCH THREAT AT THE BORDERS WAS NO LONGER PRESENT, THEREFORE THE COLONIES DIDN'T NEED ENGLISH PROTECTION; MORE INDEPENDENT STAND AGAINST BRITAIN 
PROCLAMATION OF 1763
PROHIBITED SETTLEMENTS WEST OF APPALACHIAN, RESTRICTION ON COLONIAL GROWTH
SALUTARY NEGLECT
PARLIAMENT TOOK MINOR ACTIONS IN THE COLONIES, ALLOWING THEM TO EXPERIMENT WITH AND BECOME ACCUSTOMED TO SELF GOVERNMENT, INTERNATIONAL TRADE AGREEMENTS
WRITS OF ASSISTANCE
SEARCH WARRANTS ON SHIPPING TO REDUCE SMUGGLING; CHALLENGED BY JAMES OTIS
TOWNSHEND ACT (1767) 
SIMILAR TO NAVIGATIO; RAISED MONEY TO PAY COLONIAL OFFICIALS BY AMERICAN TAXES; LED BOSTON BOYCOTT OF ENGLISH LUXURIES 
SUGAR ACT
INCREASED TARIFF ON SUGAR(AND OTHER IMPORTS), ATTEMPTED TO HARDER ENFORCE EXISTING TARIFFS
STAMP ACT
TAXES ON ALL LEGAL DOCUMENTS TO SUPPORT BRITISH TROOPS, NOT APPROVED BY COLONISTS THROUGH THEIR REPRESENTATIVES 
STAMP ACT CONGRESS
HELD IN NEW YORK, AGREED NOT TO IMPORT BRITISH GOODS UNTIL STAMP ACT WAS REPEALED
VIRGINIA RESOLVES
"NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION" INTRODUCED BY PATRICK HENRY
CURRENCY ACT
PROHIBITED COLONIES FROM ISSUING PAPER MONEY, DESTABILIZED COLONIAL ECONOMY
VIRTUAL REPRESENTATION
ALL ENGLISH SUBJECTS ARE REPRESENTED IN PARLIAMENT, INCLUDING THOSE NOT ALLOWED TO VOTE
THE LOYAL NINE
GROUP OF BOSTONIANS IN OPPOSITION TO THE STAMP ACT , SOUGHT TO DRIVE STAMP DISTRIBUTORS FROM THE CITY
SONS OF LIBERTY
ORGANIZED AND CONTROLLED RESISTANCE AGAINST PARLIAMENTARY ACTS IN LESS VIOLENT WAYS (STRENGTH OF MARTYRDOM), ADVOCATED NON IMPORTATION
DECLARATORY ACT
ALLOWED PARLIAMENT TO COMPLETELY LEGISLATE OVER THE COLONIES, LIMITED COLONISTS' SAY
BOSTON MASSACRE
BRITISH SOLDIERS SHOT INTO CROWS OF SNOWBALL FIGHT; TWO OF NINE SOLDIERS(DEFENDED BY JOHN ADAMS) FOUND GUILTY OF MANSLAUGHTER
COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE 
COMMITTEES APPOINTED FROM DIFFERENT COLONIES TO COMMUNICATE ON MATTERS; ASSERTED SELF RIGHTS
TEA ACT (1773)
INTENDED TO SAVE BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY FROM  BANKRUPTCY, COULD SELL DIRECTLY TO CONSUMERS RATHER THAN THROUGH WHOLESALERS (LOWERED PRICES TO COMPETE WITH SMUGGLED TEA)
NOT DONE
NOT DONE

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