APUSH Chapter 19

36 cards

Imperialism 


 
  
Created Jan 10, 2012
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1
Party Loyalty: Regionalism
 
Democrats: South ("Solid South")Republicans: North
2
Party Loyalty: Religion/Ethics 
 
Democrats:  - Catholic  - support immigration & the poor (felt that...
3
Leaning to the "Right"
 
Conservative (Republicans)
4
Leaning to the "Left"
 
Liberal (Democrats)
5
Reasons for Party Loyalty
 
 - high voter turnout (78%) - party identification (more cultural than economic)
6
Stalwarts v. Half-Breeds 
 
 - competed against one another for control of the Republican party --> threatened...
7
Stalwarts 
 
 - led by Roscoe Conkling (NY) - favored traditional, professional machine...
8
Half-Breeds 
 
 - led by James G. Blaine (Maine) - favored reform  - Garfield elected...
9
Pendleton Act (1883) 
 
 - sparked by assassination of Garfield  - first nat'l civil service measure  -...
10
Mugwumps 
 
 - significant in the election of 1884 - some believed Republican candidate (James...
11
Interstate Commerce Act of 1887
 
 - passed despite Cleveland's disapproval  - designed to curb railroads  -...
12
Conflicts with Election of 1888
 
 - tariff ("McKinley Tariff") ** - trusts  - railroad 
13
Election of 1888: McKinley tariff
 
Republicans: favored a high tariff  - stimulated American industry  - benefited...
14
Election of 1888: Railroads 
 
 - also a major problem during Cleveland's presidential term 
Democrats: wanted...
15
US v. E.C. Knight 
 
 - 98% of manufacting of refined sugar ~ from E.C. Knight  - effort to gov't...
16
Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890)
 
 - passed by Congress b/c of groing popular demand  - mid-1880s: 15 western/southern...
17
Munn v. Illinois (1877)
 
 - supreme court case w/ corporate rates & agriculture  - allowed states...
18
Wabash decision (1886)
 
 - weakened the power of Munn v. Illinois  - ruled one of the Granger laws in...
19
The Grange (1867)
 
 - first major farm organization  - Oliver H. Kelly touring the south...
20
Reasons for Agrarian Malaise 
 
Belief that:  - the railroads were using discriminatory rates to exploit farmers  -...
21
Sub-treasuries 
 
 - major demand of Southern Alliance (1880s)  - federal subtreasury offices...
22
Effect of Panic of 1873 on Grange 
 
Panic of 1873: caused decline in farm prices --> membership drastically increased (esp....
23
Economic Attempts of the Grange 
 
Business & corporations  - Mongomery Ward & Co. ~ corporation...
24
Granger Laws (1870s)
 
Grange ~ politically successful in Illinois, Wisconson, Iowa, & Minnesota - reglated...
25
Farmers' Alliances 
 
 - alliances in the South (1877) and Midwest (1880)  - later Colored Alliance...
26
People's Party (Populists)
 
 - emerged in early 1890s through Farmer's Alliances  - attempted to unite disconnected...
27
Reasons the Populist Party failed
 
 - can't agree on political strategy - racism  - dramatic increase in urban...
28
Successes/Failures of the Populist Party
 
Successes: - attracted working class, immigrants, farmers, miners, and protestants  -...
29
Causes of the Panic of 1893 
 
Immediate Cause:  - collapse of stock market (Phildelphia & Reading Railroad and...
30
Reactions to the Panic of 1893
 
1. Coxey's Army - led by Jacob Coxey (1896) ~ led march into Washington...
31
Causes of Political Crisis in the 1890s 
 
 - Grover Cleveland (Democrat) wins again in election of 1892  - Panic of 1893  -...
32
Silver Question
 
 - what's the basis of the dollar?  - at the time, it was gold/silver ~ people...
33
Crime of '73
 
1873: Congress prohibits coinage of silver (Crime of '73) - less inflation -->...
34
Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1890)
 
 - gov't would purchase silver & pay it back in gold  - gold reserves decreasing...
35
Election of 1896
 
Republicans: William McKinley - high tariff 
Democrats: William Jennings...
36
McKinley's presidency
 
 - more calm, greater prosperity --> people at ease  - all Republicans agree...

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