APUSH Chapter 19

Imperialism 
Created Jan 10, 2012
by serendipity1098
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Side ASide B
Party Loyalty: Regionalism
Democrats: South ("Solid South")Republicans: North
Party Loyalty: Religion/Ethics 
Democrats:  - Catholic  - support immigration & the poor (felt that...
Leaning to the "Right"
Conservative (Republicans)
Leaning to the "Left"
Liberal (Democrats)
Reasons for Party Loyalty
 - high voter turnout (78%) - party identification (more cultural than economic)
Stalwarts v. Half-Breeds 
 - competed against one another for control of the Republican party --> threatened...
Stalwarts 
 - led by Roscoe Conkling (NY) - favored traditional, professional machine...
Half-Breeds 
 - led by James G. Blaine (Maine) - favored reform  - Garfield elected...
Pendleton Act (1883) 
 - sparked by assassination of Garfield  - first nat'l civil service measure  -...
Mugwumps 
 - significant in the election of 1884 - some believed Republican candidate (James...
Interstate Commerce Act of 1887
 - passed despite Cleveland's disapproval  - designed to curb railroads  -...
Conflicts with Election of 1888
 - tariff ("McKinley Tariff") ** - trusts  - railroad 
Election of 1888: McKinley tariff
Republicans: favored a high tariff  - stimulated American industry  - benefited...
Election of 1888: Railroads 
 - also a major problem during Cleveland's presidential term Democrats: wanted more...
US v. E.C. Knight 
 - 98% of manufacting of refined sugar ~ from E.C. Knight  - effort to gov't...
Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890)
 - passed by Congress b/c of groing popular demand  - mid-1880s: 15 western/southern...
Munn v. Illinois (1877)
 - supreme court case w/ corporate rates & agriculture  - allowed states...
Wabash decision (1886)
 - weakened the power of Munn v. Illinois  - ruled one of the Granger laws in...
The Grange (1867)
 - first major farm organization  - Oliver H. Kelly touring the south...
Reasons for Agrarian Malaise 
Belief that:  - the railroads were using discriminatory rates to exploit farmers  -...
Sub-treasuries 
 - major demand of Southern Alliance (1880s)  - federal subtreasury offices...
Effect of Panic of 1873 on Grange 
Panic of 1873: caused decline in farm prices --> membership drastically increased (esp....
Economic Attempts of the Grange 
Business & corporations  - Mongomery Ward & Co. ~ corporation...
Granger Laws (1870s)
Grange ~ politically successful in Illinois, Wisconson, Iowa, & Minnesota - reglated...
Farmers' Alliances 
 - alliances in the South (1877) and Midwest (1880)  - later Colored Alliance...
People's Party (Populists)
 - emerged in early 1890s through Farmer's Alliances  - attempted to unite disconnected...
Reasons the Populist Party failed
 - can't agree on political strategy - racism  - dramatic increase in urban...
Successes/Failures of the Populist Party
Successes: - attracted working class, immigrants, farmers, miners, and protestants  -...
Causes of the Panic of 1893 
Immediate Cause:  - collapse of stock market (Phildelphia & Reading Railroad and...
Reactions to the Panic of 1893
1. Coxey's Army - led by Jacob Coxey (1896) ~ led march into Washington...
Causes of Political Crisis in the 1890s 
 - Grover Cleveland (Democrat) wins again in election of 1892  - Panic of 1893  -...
Silver Question
 - what's the basis of the dollar?  - at the time, it was gold/silver ~ people...
Crime of '73
1873: Congress prohibits coinage of silver (Crime of '73) - less inflation -->...
Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1890)
 - gov't would purchase silver & pay it back in gold  - gold reserves decreasing...
Election of 1896
Republicans: William McKinley - high tariff Democrats: William Jennings...
McKinley's presidency
 - more calm, greater prosperity --> people at ease  - all Republicans agree...


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