APUSH Chapter 11

30 cards

Jacksonian Era


 
  
Created Nov 4, 2010
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1
Jacksonian ideals
 
expanded econ opportunity, equality, lower taxes, pay off fed debt, shrink gov and decrease...
2
Jackson & Federal Officials
 
Believed serving more than one term led to corruption; vowed to replace fed officials
3
Jackson Equality Quote
 
"Distinctions in society will always exist under every just government; equality of talents,...
4
Jefferson's opinion of Jackson
 
he is "dangerous" and "unfit for the presidency"
5
Webster inauguration quote
 
"Persons have come 500 miles to see Genl Jackson, and they really seem to think that the country...
6
Eaton Affair
 
*Peggy Eaton*caused scandal among ladies, esp. Calhoun's wife*drew closer to Van Buren*quote
7
Jackson view on internal improvements
 
*opposed those within a single state, condoned interstate projects*vetoed 1830 Maysville Road...
8
SC Slave Insurrection
 
Denmark Vesey slave insurrection of 1822
9
 Calhoun & Nullification
 
*similar to ratification of the Constitution process
10
Webster-Hayne Debate
 
*1829 Senator Foot proposed restricting land sales*Benton accused north*Webster pro-north,...
11
Jefferson Day Dinner
 
*April 1830, Jackson makes anti-nullification toast"To the union, it must be preserved"
12
May 1830
 
Jackson sees evidence that Calhoun wanted to discipline him, removes all Calhoun particans...
13
 Calhoun's "peevish vote" against Van Buren
 
voted against Van Buren's ministry to England
14
Tarriff of 1832
 
pushed through by John Quincyreduced many tarriffs except those on cloth and iron
15
1833 Congress
 
1) "force bill"-for SC compliance2) compromise tariff of 1833
16
Indian Removal Act
 
passed by Congress in 1830in South, Seminoles and Cherokees put up resistance
17
Black Hawk War
 
*1832 *Wisconsin Territory*Sauk and Fox tribes
18
Trail of Tears
 
*departed from Georgia 1838*Of 17,000, 8000 survived 800 mile treck
19
1. cherokee nation v Georgia (1831)2. worcester v Georgia (1832)
 
1.  court lacked jurisdiction, but land right unquestionable2.  Georgia law not apllicable...
20
1832 election
 
*B.U.S central issue*Anti-Masonic party; first third party, first convention, first to announce...
21
"pet banks"
 
state banks that held federal funds
22
Distribution Act
 
1836Compromise b/n Clay and Jackson where nat'l surplus was distributed to states via "loans"
23
Specie Circular
 
western land sales must be in gold or silver coins
24
Whig Party
 
*united against Jackson*strong supporters of econ nationalism
25
election of 1836
 
Whigs put of Webster, Hugh White, and William Henry Harrison; Van Buren of the Democrats won
26
Financial Panic of 1837
 
*caused by English depression*1/3 unemployment*Buren didn't think he needed to aid people
27
Independent Treasury Act
 
July 1840
28
General Winfield Scott
 
kept peace on the border
29
William Henry Harrison
 
*elected 1840"Tippacanoe and Tyler too""Log Cabin and Hard Cider"*former gov of Indiana territory,...
30
Voting increase
 
27% in 1824 to 78% in 1840


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