APUSH Antebellum Quiz

56 cards

Eli Whitney


 
  
Created Dec 3, 2009
by
taylor10192

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Invented the Cotton Gin
 
Eli Whitney
2
Mechanical Reaper
 
Cyrus McCormick
3
Steel plow
 
John Deer
4
What was the Preemption Act of 1830?
 
squatters could stake out land ahead of surveyors (expansion westward
5
New Improvements in transportation
 
New Roads - Turnpikes and national roadRiver Transportation - Steamboats, flatboats and canals
6
Steamboats
 
Robert Fulton and Robert Livingston 
7
Canal example
 
Erie Canal
8
Where did railroads start?
 
England
9
3 benefits of railroads to America
 
- Speed- Cheaper- Encouraged westward settlement
10
Why were railroads dangerous?
 
They had poor construction and accidents were common
11
How were railroads financed? 
 
- Mostly by private ventures- States sometimes built their own lines/granted tax breaks- Post...
12
Were railroads internal or external improvements? 
 
Internal
13
Name 3 technological improvements 
 
- Telegraph- Vulcanized Rubber- Sewing machine
14
Telegraph
 
Samuel B. Morse
15
Vulcanized Rubber
 
Charles Goodyear
16
Sewing machine
 
Isaac Singer
17
Start of industrialization
 
- Handicraft system- Britain's Rule- Francis Cabot Lowell/Lowell System- Urbanization
18
Francis Cabot Lowell
 
(1813) First factory with spinning and waving under the same roof with every process mechanized
19
True or false?
 
Immigration picked up after the war if 1812?
20
Immigration ethnic groups
 
- Irish, Germans, Chinese, British, Scandinavians
21
Nativist reactions to immigration 
 
- Anti-Immigration stand- Examples of violence- Nativist organizations - The American Party...
22
4 reasons for the anti-immigration stand
 
- New languages and customs- Religious fears- German political radicalism- Irish voting blocs
23
Labor OrganizationsWhat was created in efforts to create national organizations?
 
National Trades Union
24
Urban labor politics
 
- Working man's parties- locofocos
25
3 impacts of the labor parties
 
- 10 hour workday- Measures to ensure payment- Abolition of monopolies
26
What was Deism?
 
God created the earth and left it to it's own fate.Creates earth --> DoneRejected the literal...
27
Deism. Who?
 
Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin
28
Examples of Rational Religion
 
- Unitarianism- Universalism
29
What was Unitarianism?
 
Inherent goodness of humankind. Human reason and conscience was more important that creeds...
30
In what kind of churches was Unitarianism popular?
 
Mass congregational churches
31
What was Universalism?
 
Salvation of all men and women. Not just the predestinedGod was too good to damn any man
32
Who started the Mormon church?
 
Joseph Smith Jr.
33
3 beliefs of the church
 
- Book of Mormon was the lost section of the Bible- Ancient Hebrews inhabited the New World...
34
Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote...
 
Self-Reliance
35
5 American Literature
 
- Nathaniel Hawthorne- Edgar Allen Poe- Emily Dickinson- Herman Melville- Walt Whitman
36
What are the 3 things that Horace Mann promoted?
 
- Statewide school systems- Training teachers- 6 month school year minimum
37
Emma Willard
 
Troy Female Seminary
38
Mary Lyons
 
Mount Holyoke
39
Vassar
 
First focus on academics
40
Who was Elizabeth Blackwell?
 
The first female to graduate from medical school
41
What were arguments for temperance?
 
- Religious- Health effects- Economy- The suffering of innocents 
42
What was the prison reform?
 
Rehabilitation rather than punishment
43
Who fought for better conditions for the mentally ill?
 
Dorothea Dix
44
Crusade for Women's rights
 
- Catherine Beecher (The cult of domesticity)- Lucretia Mott- Elizabeth Cady Stanton- Seneca...
45
What were the 4 Utopian societies?
 
- Shaker- Oneida- New Harmony- Brooks Farm
46
Skaker
 
Known for their fits and visionsPreached celibacy
47
Oneida
 
With conversion came perfection"Complex marriage"
48
New Harmony
 
Designed to be a model communitySplit over different plans for the town
49
Brooks Farm
 
High thinking and plain livingEmerson and HawthorneBurned down
50
4 myths of the old south
 
- Gone with the wind- happy slaves- lavish lifestyle- easy lives
51
Reality of the south
 
Distinct from the north- More unity than the north- the weather- biracial population- highly...
52
What did Edmund Ruffin do?
 
Fertilizers, crop rotation, drainage and good plowing could revitalize the declining soil of...
53
The 3 reasons for the south's industrial lag
 
- Traditional myths- Prestige of land owning- Profitability of slaves
54
Middle Class4
 
OverseersYeoman farmersLand ownershipGeneral lifestyle
55
The "redneck" culture
 
Poor whites"Southern Hospitality"Mountain People
56
Abolitionists
 
- David Walker- Williams Lloyd Garrison

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