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APUSH Antebellum Quiz


Eli Whitney
  
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Invented the Cotton Gin
 
Eli Whitney
Mechanical Reaper
 
Cyrus McCormick
Steel plow
 
John Deer
What was the Preemption Act of 1830?
 
squatters could stake out land ahead of surveyors (expansion westward
New Improvements in transportation
 
New Roads - Turnpikes and national roadRiver Transportation - Steamboats, flatboats and canals
Steamboats
 
Robert Fulton and Robert Livingston
Canal example
 
Erie Canal
Where did railroads start?
 
England
3 benefits of railroads to America
 
- Speed- Cheaper- Encouraged westward settlement
Why were railroads dangerous?
 
They had poor construction and accidents were common
How were railroads financed?
 
- Mostly by private ventures- States sometimes built their own lines/granted tax breaks- Post office
Were railroads internal or external improvements?
 
Internal
Name 3 technological improvements
 
- Telegraph- Vulcanized Rubber- Sewing machine
Telegraph
 
Samuel B. Morse
Vulcanized Rubber
 
Charles Goodyear
Sewing machine
 
Isaac Singer
Start of industrialization
 
- Handicraft system- Britain's Rule- Francis Cabot Lowell/Lowell System- Urbanization
Francis Cabot Lowell
 
(1813) First factory with spinning and waving under the same roof with every process mechanized
True or false?
 
Immigration picked up after the war if 1812?
Immigration ethnic groups
 
- Irish, Germans, Chinese, British, Scandinavians
Nativist reactions to immigration
 
- Anti-Immigration stand- Examples of violence- Nativist organizations - The American Party - Know Nothings
4 reasons for the anti-immigration stand
 
- New languages and customs- Religious fears- German political radicalism- Irish voting blocs
Labor OrganizationsWhat was created in efforts to create national organizations?
 
National Trades Union
Urban labor politics
 
- Working man's parties- locofocos
3 impacts of the labor parties
 
- 10 hour workday- Measures to ensure payment- Abolition of monopolies
What was Deism?
 
God created the earth and left it to it's own fate.Creates earth --> DoneRejected the literal truth of the bible and questioned the divinity of Jesus
Deism. Who?
 
Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin
Examples of Rational Religion
 
- Unitarianism- Universalism
What was Unitarianism?
 
Inherent goodness of humankind. Human reason and conscience was more important that creeds and confession.
In what kind of churches was Unitarianism popular?
 
Mass congregational churches
What was Universalism?
 
Salvation of all men and women. Not just the predestinedGod was too good to damn any man
Who started the Mormon church?
 
Joseph Smith Jr.
3 beliefs of the church
 
- Book of Mormon was the lost section of the Bible- Ancient Hebrews inhabited the New World and Jesus had made an appearance to them- Predicts the second coming of Christ
Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote...
 
Self-Reliance
5 American Literature
 
- Nathaniel Hawthorne- Edgar Allen Poe- Emily Dickinson- Herman Melville- Walt Whitman
What are the 3 things that Horace Mann promoted?
 
- Statewide school systems- Training teachers- 6 month school year minimum
Emma Willard
 
Troy Female Seminary
Mary Lyons
 
Mount Holyoke
Vassar
 
First focus on academics
Who was Elizabeth Blackwell?
 
The first female to graduate from medical school
What were arguments for temperance?
 
- Religious- Health effects- Economy- The suffering of innocents
What was the prison reform?
 
Rehabilitation rather than punishment
Who fought for better conditions for the mentally ill?
 
Dorothea Dix
Crusade for Women's rights
 
- Catherine Beecher (The cult of domesticity)- Lucretia Mott- Elizabeth Cady Stanton- Seneca Falls Convention- Declaration of Rights and Sentiments
What were the 4 Utopian societies?
 
- Shaker- Oneida- New Harmony- Brooks Farm
Skaker
 
Known for their fits and visionsPreached celibacy
Oneida
 
With conversion came perfection"Complex marriage"
New Harmony
 
Designed to be a model communitySplit over different plans for the town
Brooks Farm
 
High thinking and plain livingEmerson and HawthorneBurned down
4 myths of the old south
 
- Gone with the wind- happy slaves- lavish lifestyle- easy lives
Reality of the south
 
Distinct from the north- More unity than the north- the weather- biracial population- highly native population- "gentile lifestyle"- agrarian nature
What did Edmund Ruffin do?
 
Fertilizers, crop rotation, drainage and good plowing could revitalize the declining soil of his native state.
The 3 reasons for the south's industrial lag
 
- Traditional myths- Prestige of land owning- Profitability of slaves
Middle Class4
 
OverseersYeoman farmersLand ownershipGeneral lifestyle
The "redneck" culture
 
Poor whites"Southern Hospitality"Mountain People
Abolitionists
 
- David Walker- Williams Lloyd Garrison

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