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APUSH 1920's AND THE GREAT DEPRESSION

APUSH GREAT D EPRESSIO
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Side ASide B
1114. Red Scare, Palmer raids.
In 1919, the Communist Party was gaining strength in the U.S., and Americans feared Communism....
1115. Strikes: 1919, coal, steel, police.
In September, 1919, Boston police went on strike, then 350,000 steel workers went on strike....
1118. Brief depression, 1920-1921
Two years after WW I, prices went up and consumers stopped buying. Unemployment rose from 2%...
1120. Normalcy
Harding wanted a return to "normalcy" - the way life was before WW
1122. Harding scandals: Charles Forbes
Forbes served time for fraud and bribery in connection with government contracts. He took millions...
1125. Harding scandals: Teapot Dome
1929 - The Naval strategic oil reserve at Elk Hills, also known as "Teapot Dome" was taken...
1132. Robert M. LaFollette (1855-1925).
A great debater and political leader who believed in libertarian reforms, he was a major leader...
1135. Federal Farm Board
Agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, it offered farmers insurance against loss of...
1139. "The Lost Generation"
Writer Gertrude Stein named the new literary movement when she told Hemingway, "You are all...
1140. F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby.
Most critics regard this as his finest work. Written in 1925, it tells of an idealist who is...
1141. Sinclair Lewis, Main Street, Babbit
He gained international fame for his novels attacking the weakness in American society. The...
1143. Ernest Hemingway, A Farewell to Arms
He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954 and the Pulitzer Prize in 1952. A Farewell...
1147. Prohibition, Volstead Act, Al Capone
Prohibition - 1919: the 18th Amendment outlawed the manufacture or sale of intoxicating liquors....
1148. Ku Klux Klan in the 1920's
Based on the post-Civil War terrorist organization, the Invisible Empire of the Knights of...
1149. Fundamentalists
Broad movement in Protestantism in the U.S. which tried to preserve what it considered the...
1150. Immigration Acts, 1921, 1924, Quota System
1921 - First legislation passed which restricted the number of immigrants. Quota was 357,800,...
1151. Sacco and Vanzetti case
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian immigrants charged with murdering a guard...
1154. Scopes trial, Clarence Darrow, William Jennings Bryan
1925 - Prosecution of Dayton, Tennessee school teacher, John Scopes, for violation of the Butler...
1155. Henry Ford, the Model T, Alfred P. Sloan
1913 - Ford developed the mass-produced Model-T car, which sold at an affordable price. It...
1157. The Jazz Singer.
1927 - The first movie with sound, this "talkie" was about the life of famous jazz singer,...
1159. New Woman, Flappers
1920's - Women started wearing short skirts and bobbed hair, and had more sexual freedom. They...
1160. Harlem Renaissance, Langston Hughes (1902-1967)
Hughes was a gifted writer who wrote humorous poems, stories, essays and poetry. Harlem was...
1162. Marcus Garvey (1887-1940), Universal Negro Improvement Association.
Black leader who advocated "black nationalism," and financial independence for Blacks, he started...
1163. Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974), Spirit of St. Louis
Lindbergh flew his airplane, the Spirit of St. Louis, across the Atlantic in the first...
1173. Dawes Plan, Young Plan
Post-WW I depression in Germany left it unable to pay reparation and Germany defaulted on its...
1174. Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1928"
Pact of Paris" or "Treaty for the Renunciation of War," it made war illegal as a tool of national...
1175. Causes of the depression
Much debt, stock prices spiralling up, over-production and under-consuming - the stock market...
1178. Hawley-Smoot Tariff, 1930
Congressional compromise serving special interest, it raised duties on agricultural and manufactured...
1181. "Hooverville"
Name given to the makeshift shanty towns built in vacant lots during the Depression.
1188. Good Neighbor Policy.
Franklin Roosevelt described his foreign policy as that of a "good neighbor." The phrase came...
1191. Twentieth Amendment
Written by George Norris and also called the "Lame Duck Amendment," it changed the inauguration...
1193. Twenty-First Amendment
Passed February, 1933 to repeal the 18th Amendment (Prohibition). Congress legalized light...
1194. "Bank Holiday"
March 11, 1933 - Roosevelt closed all banks and forbade the export of gold or redemption of...
1195. Hundred Days
March 9, 1933 - At Roosevelt's request, Congress began a special session to review recovery...
1201. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
A federal agency which insures bank deposits, created by the Glass-Strengall Banking Reform...
1206. Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA), Second AAA
1933 - The AAA offered contracts to farmers to reduce their output of designated products....
1208. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Created in April 1933. Within 4 months, 1300 CCC camps were in operation and 300,000 men between...
1212. Works Progress Administration (WPA),
Harold Hopkins, Federal Arts ProjectThe WPA started in May 1935 and was headed by Harold Hopkins....
1214. Federal Housing Authorities (FHA)
1934 - Created by Congress to insure long-term, low-interest mortgages for home construction...
1215. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
1934 - Created to supervise stock exchanges and to punish fraud in sercurities trading.
1216. Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), Senator Norris
A public corporation headed by a 3-member board. The TVA built 20 dams, conducted demonstration...
1219. Indian Reorganization Act
1934 - Restored tribal ownership of lands, recognized tribal constitutions and government,...
1227. Dust Bowl, Okies, John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath
1939 - Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath was about "Okies" from Oklahoma migrating from...
1229. Elanor Roosevelt.
A strong first lady who supported civil rights
1230. Keynesian Economics
The British economist John Maynard Keynes believed that the government could pull the economy...
1231. Deficit spending.
FDR's admnistration was based on this concept. It involved stimulating consumer buying power,...
1232. Monetary policy, fiscal policy
In monetary policy, government manipulates the nation's money supply to control inflation and...
1236. Huey Long, Share the Wealth, Gerald K. Smith
The Share the Wealth society was founded in 1934 by Senator Huey Long of Louisiana. He called...
1241. Second New Deal
Some thought the first New Deal (legislation passed in 1933) did too much and created a big...
1242. Social Security Act
One of the most important features of the Second New Deal established a retirement for persons...

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