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Writs of Assistance
general search warrants issued to help royal officials stop evasion of Britian's mentalist trade restrictions
prime ministerwanted to rid large national debt from war*Proclamation of 1763*Sugar Act 1764*Quartering Act*Currency Act of 1764*Stamp Act
Proclamation of 1763
forbid white settlement west of Appalachianswanted to keep indians happy and settlers closer to coast
Sugar Act 1764 (revenue act)
aimed at raising revenue by taxes on goods imported by Americansstringently enforcedaccused faced trial without benefit of jury or normal protections
requiring colonies to pay for British troop maintenance
Currency Act of 1764
forbade colonial attempts to issue currency not redeemable in gold or silver
imposing direct tax on Americans for 1st timerequired Americans to purchase revenue stamps for newspapers/legal documentsPatrick Henry - 7 resolutions denouncing stamps actStamp Act...
Declaratory Act 1766
parliament repealed stamp act but passed D Actpower to tax or make laws for Americans
*Townshed Duties*admiralty Courts*writs of assistance*paying of customs officials out of the fines they levied *suspended NY legislature for noncompliance of Quartering Act
Letters from a Farmer In Pennsylvania - John DickinsonMassachusetts Circular Letter 1768
*pointed out that Townshend Acts violated principle of no taxation without representation. If Parliament could suspend NY legislature, could suspend others too*urged other colonial...
Tea Act 1773
British East India Company sought and obtained from Parliament concessions allowing it to ship directly to colonies rather by way of Britian. cheaper than smuggled Dutch tea*company...
Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts)
1. Boston Port Act - closed port of Boston to all trade until citizens would pay for lost tea2. increased power of mass royal gov at expense of legislature3. Administration of Justice...
First Continental Congress 1774
petitioned Parliament for reliefSuffolk Resolves - denounced intolerable acts. called for strict nonimportation and rigorous preparation of local militia2nd congress if grivances not...
Battles of American Revolution
Lexington - first battle Thomas Gage sent force to seize colonial military suppliesConcord - Brits destroyed military supplies. attacked by militiamen. humiliated by being mauled by...
Second Continental Congress 1775
Created army and asked other colonies to send troops - led by G WashingtonOlive Branch Petition - pleading King George to restore peaceCommon Sense - immediate independence written...
Treaty of Paris 1783
1. US as independant nation2. west boundary @ MI river3. South boundary @ nothern boundary of florda4. Brits retained Canada but had to give Florida to Spain5. Brit creditors can collect...
Articles of Confederation
*unicameral gov*each state 1 vote*ammendment required unanimous consent of all states*gov could make treaties, determine amount of troops and money states should contribute, settle...
Land Ordinance of 1784NW Ordinance of 1787
system by which each territory could progress to full statehood. 1785 - orderly surveying and distribution of land in townshipsbill of rights for settlers. forbade slavery north of...
Shay's Rebellion 1786
high taxes, economic hardtimes for massshays shut down courts to prevent judges for faling to pay taxesStronger gov was needed to control violent public outbursts.