AP Psych ch. 8

27 cards

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Created Jan 26, 2010
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ed92

 

 
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1
Fixed-interval schedule
 
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified...
2
Variable-interval schedule
 
in operant conditioning, responses are reinforced after an unpredictable amount of time. pop...
3
fixed-ratio schedule
 
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified...
4
variable-ratio schedule
 
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response after an unpredictable...
5
What type of learning is skinner associated with?
 
operant conditioning.
6
what is true about reinforcement?
 
Learning is most rapid with continuous reinforcement, but intermitted reinforcement preduces...
7
Cognitive process are important in both?
 
classical and operant conditioning.
8
the highest and most consistent rate of response is preduced by what type of schedule?
 
variable-ratio schedule
9
one difference between classical and operant conditioning is?
 
in classical conditioning, the responses are automatically triggered by stimuli.
10
in garcia and koelling's studies of taste-aversion learning, rats learned to associate what?
 
taste with sickness.
11
What researcher was best known for observational learning?
 
Bandura
12
classical conditioning experiments by rescorla and wagner demonstrate that an important factor...
 
the predictability of stimuli
13
for most rapid conditioning, a CS should be presented when?
 
about 1 second after the US.
14
Where are mirror neurons found, and they are believed to be the neural basis for what?
 
found in the frontal lobe, and are the nueral basis for observational learning.
15
positive reinforcement
 
presentation of a desired stimulus
16
generalization
 
tendency for a similar stimulus to evoke a CR
17

negative reinforcement

 
removal of an aversive stimulus
18
primary reinforcer
 
an innately reinforcing stimulus
19
conditioned reinforcer
 
an acquired reinforcer
20
intrinsic motivation
 
the motivation to perform a behavior for its own sake
21
shaping
 
reinforcing closer and closer approximations of a behavior
22
spontaneous recovery
 
the reappearance of a weakened CR
23
punishment
 
presentation of an aversive stimulus
24
latent learning
 
learning that becomes apparent only after reinforcement is provided
25
continuous reinforcement
 
each and every response is reinforced
26
extrinsic motivation
 
a desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards.
27
Conditioning seldom occurs when a(n) ________ comes after a(n) _____.
 
CS; US

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