AP Psych Ch. 8

Learning Voca B��� ���
Created Jan 26, 2010
by ed92
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Fixed-interval schedule
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified...
Variable-interval schedule
in operant conditioning, responses are reinforced after an unpredictable amount of time. pop...
fixed-ratio schedule
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified...
variable-ratio schedule
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response after an unpredictable...
What type of learning is skinner associated with?
operant conditioning.
what is true about reinforcement?
Learning is most rapid with continuous reinforcement, but intermitted reinforcement preduces...
Cognitive process are important in both?
classical and operant conditioning.
the highest and most consistent rate of response is preduced by what type of schedule?
variable-ratio schedule
one difference between classical and operant conditioning is?
in classical conditioning, the responses are automatically triggered by stimuli.
in garcia and koelling's studies of taste-aversion learning, rats learned to associate what?
taste with sickness.
What researcher was best known for observational learning?
Bandura
classical conditioning experiments by rescorla and wagner demonstrate that an important factor...
the predictability of stimuli
for most rapid conditioning, a CS should be presented when?
about 1 second after the US.
Where are mirror neurons found, and they are believed to be the neural basis for what?
found in the frontal lobe, and are the nueral basis for observational learning.
positive reinforcement
presentation of a desired stimulus
generalization
tendency for a similar stimulus to evoke a CR
negative reinforcement
removal of an aversive stimulus
primary reinforcer
an innately reinforcing stimulus
conditioned reinforcer
an acquired reinforcer
intrinsic motivation
the motivation to perform a behavior for its own sake
shaping
reinforcing closer and closer approximations of a behavior
spontaneous recovery
the reappearance of a weakened CR
punishment
presentation of an aversive stimulus
latent learning
learning that becomes apparent only after reinforcement is provided
continuous reinforcement
each and every response is reinforced
extrinsic motivation
a desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards.
Conditioning seldom occurs when a(n) ________ comes after a(n) _____.
CS; US


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