AP NSL 4 institutions of government

34 cards

unfinished, I may complete this deck later, but for now it only has terms I need to study, not all relative terms.


 
  
Created Feb 18, 2009
by
dongreger

 

 
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1
Legislature: amendment process (formal)
 
proposed by 2/3 vote in congress, than ratified by at east 3/4 of states
2
Legislature: Article 1, section 8
 
grants powers to congress, or the legislature
3
Legislature: Bipartisanship
 
both parties are in agreement on an issue
4
Legislature: 'Christmas tree' bills
 
a bill that each congress man has 'hung upon' another bill. the congressman claim they won't...
5
Legislature: rider
 
a bill that 'hangs' on another bill, like a Christmas tree ornament.
6
Legislature: Discharge petition
 
a petition if successfully passed, that sends a bill straight to the floor, and ignores the...
7
Legislature: Fiscal year
 
the period of time congress sets the budget
8
Legislature: Issue network
 
Alliance/agreement between interest groups
9
Legislature: Mark up
 
the period a bill is reviewed by committee, got it's name because the committee literally makes...
10
Legislature: party polarization
 
when a single party is broken into 2 factions
11
Legislature: Quorum
 
minimum number of members present inorder to function
12
Legislature: role of the vice president
 
is the presidents successor, if he died, or resigns, tie breaker for the senate (this rarely...
13
Legislature: Senate Appropriations committee
 
Jurisdiction (control, authority) over all discretionary spending legislation
14
Executive: Executive privilege
 
power claimed by the president to resist being made to testify in court, or punishment by congress.
15
Executive: Impoundment
 
executive refusal to spend appropriated money by congress
16
Bureaucracy: Merit principle
 
someone is considered for a position in a non partisan way and considered for competence and...
17
Bureaucracy: patronage
 
any form of helping of one to another:
18
Bureaucracy: sunshine laws
 
laws that must be carried out in the open, exposed, non secretive
19
Bureaucracy: sunset legislation
 
laws with a specified expiration date.
20
Judicial: Adversarial system
 
a system of courts where two lawyers or speakers argue on their party's behalf, and an impartial...
21
Judicial: 'Amicus Curiae'
 
someone speaks for a court and provides information, but is not working for or affiliated with...
22
Judicial: Appellate jurisdiction
 
a higher courts power to review and change outcomes of lower courts
23
Judicial: class action suit
 
a large group presents a claim to a court
24
Judicial: concurring opinion
 
Judge's written opinion, agreeing with most of court but for different reasons
25
Judicial: Dissenting opinion
 
the opposite of concurring opinion, the Judge's written opinion disagreeing with most of the...
26
Judicial: Judicial Activism
 
Judges go beyond their Judicial Function, and into political policy making
27
Judicial: Judicial Restraint
 
Judges are encouraged to limit their own power
28
Judicial: Judicial Restraint
 
Judges of the supreme court may find actions of the other 3 branches unconstitutional
29
Judicial: Litmus Test
 
name comes from chemistry. a question a nominating official asks a candidate for high office;...
30
Judicial: 'per curium opinion'
 
anonymous ruling by a judge
31
Judicial: 'stare decisis'
 
an obligation of current judges to make rulings along the same lines as past judges
32
Judicial: 'writ of certiorari'
 
order of a higher court on a lower court
33
Judicial: 'writ of hebeas corpus'
 
a person seeks relief of an 'unlawful' detention legally
34
Judicial: 'writ of mandamus'
 
a higher court to compel a lower court or gov official to perform mandatory duties correctly

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