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AP Lang - Vocabulary Units 1-3


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the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval
 
APPROBATION
to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench
 
ASSUAGE
a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose
 
COALITION
decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence
 
DECADENCE
to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)
 
ELICIT
an attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning
 
EXPOSTULATE
used so often as to lack freshness or originality
 
HACKNEYED
a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)
 
HIATUS
a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)
 
INNUENDO
to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement
 
INTERCEDE
wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)
 
JADED
causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint
 
LURID
worthy, deserving recognition and praise
 
MERITORIOUS
peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
 
PETULANT
a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence
 
PREROGATIVE
(adj.) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside; (n.) a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony
 
PROVINCIAL
to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of
 
SIMULATE
to rise above or beyond, exceed
 
TRANSCEND
shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion
 
UMBRAGE
excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression or earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable
 
UNCTUOUS
to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming
 
AMELIORATE
poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity
 
APLOMB
pompous or overblown in language; full of high sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas
 
BOMBASTIC
without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers
 
CALLOW
(n.) saliva or mucous flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense; (v.) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly
 
DRIVEL
a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality
 
EPITOME
to urge strongly, advise earnestly
 
EXHORT
by virtue of holding a certain office
 
EX OFFICIO
to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
 
INFRINGE
to make oneself agreeable an thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)
 
INGRATIATE

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