AP Human Geography Chapter 5

24 cards

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Created Nov 24, 2010
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erbie4011

 

 
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1
language
 
a system of communication through speech, a collection of sounds that a group of people understands...
2
literary tradition
 
a system of written communication
3
official language
 
the language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication...
4
dialect
 
a regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
5
standard language
 
a dialect that is well established and widely recognized as the most acceptable for government,...
6
British Received Pronunciation (BRP)
 
the dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in the London area and now...
7
isogloss
 
a boundary that separates regions in which different language uses predominate
8
language family
 
a collection of languages related through a common ancestral language that existed long before...
9
language branch
 
a collection of languages within a language family that are related through a common ancestral...
10
language group
 
a collection of languages within a language branch that share a common origin in the relatively...
11
Vulgar Latin
 
a form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect,...
12
creole or creolized language
 
a language that results from the mixing of teh colonizer's language with the indigenous language...
13
ideograms
 
written characters which represent ideas or concepts, not specific pronunciations
14
extinct languages
 
languages that are no longer spoken or read in daily activities by anyone in the world
15
isolated language
 
a language unrelated to any other and therefore not attached to any lanaguage family
16
lingua franca
 
a language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native...
17
pidgin language
 
a form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca,...
18
ebonics
 
dialect spoken by some African Americans
19
franglais
 
the widespread use of English in the French language
20
Spanglish
 
a combination of Spanish and English, spoken by Hispanic Americans
21
Esperanto
 
an artificial international language with a vocabulary based on word roots common to many European...
22
orthography
 
the aspect of language concerned with letters and their sequences in words
23
trade language
 
a language, especially a pidgin, used by speakers of different native languages for communication...
24
vernacular
 
the standard native language of a country or locality


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