AP Human Geography Chapter 2

21 cards

Vocabulary��� ������ 


 
  
Created Oct 5, 2010
by
erbie4011

 

 
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1
demography
 
the scientific study of population characteristics
2
overpopulation
 
the number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at...
3
ecumene
 
the portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement
4
arithmetic density
 
the total number of people divided by total land area
5
physiological density
 
the number of people supported by a unit of arable land
6
CBR (crude birth rate)
 
the total number of live births in a year for every 1000 people alive in the society
7
CDR (crude death rate)
 
the total number of deaths in a year for every 1000 people alive in the society
8
NIR (natural increase rate)
 
the percentage by which a population grows in a year
9
doubling time
 
the number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase
10
TFR (total fertility rate)
 
the average number of children a woman will have throughout her child-bearing years
11
IMR (infant mortality rate)
 
the annual number of deaths of infants under 1 year of age compared to live births
12
Life expectancy
 
the average number of yeras a newborn infant can expect to live at current mortality levels
13
agricultural revolution
 
when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting...
14
industrial revolution
 
a conjunction of major improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of...
15
medical revolution
 
medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries...
16
ZPG (zero population growth)
 
when the CBR declines to the point where it equals the CDR, and the NIR approaches zero
17
population pyramid
 
a bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex
18
sex ratio
 
the number of males per one hundred females
19
epidemiologic transition
 
distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition
20
epidemiology
 
the study of the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases that affect large numbers...
21
pandemic
 
a disease that occurs over a wide geographic area


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