AP Human Geography Chapter 12

Vocabulary﷯﷯﷯ ﷯﷯﷯﷯﷯﷯ 

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Side ASide B
a permanent collection of buildings where people reside, work, and obtain services
consumer services
businesses that provide services primarily to individual  consumers, including retail...
business services
services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial,...
public services
services offered by the government to provide security for citizens and businesses
clustered rural settlement
a rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close...
dispersed rural settlement
a rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages
enclosure movement
the process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England...
central place
a market center for the exchange of goods and services by people attracted from the surrounding...
central place theory
a theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve...
the minimum number of people needed to support a service 
market area
the area surrounding a service from which customers are attracted
another name for a market area
the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
gravity model
a model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly...
rank-size rule
a pattern of settlements in a country, such as the nth largest settlement is 1/n...
primate city rule
a pattern of settlements in a country, such as that the largest settlement has more than twice...
primate city
the largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking...
a sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
basic industries
industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement
nonbasic industries
industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community
economic base
a community's unique collection of basic industries
central business district (CBD)
the area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered

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