AP Human Geography Chapter 12

22 cards

Vocabulary﷯﷯﷯ ﷯﷯﷯﷯﷯﷯ 


 
  
Created Apr 11, 2011
by
erbie4011

 

 
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1
settlement
 
a permanent collection of buildings where people reside, work, and obtain services
2
consumer services
 
businesses that provide services primarily to individual  consumers, including retail...
3
business services
 
services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial,...
4
public services
 
services offered by the government to provide security for citizens and businesses
5
clustered rural settlement
 
a rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close...
6
dispersed rural settlement
 
a rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages
7
enclosure movement
 
the process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England...
8
central place
 
a market center for the exchange of goods and services by people attracted from the surrounding...
9
central place theory
 
a theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve...
10
threshold
 
the minimum number of people needed to support a service 
11
market area
 
the area surrounding a service from which customers are attracted
12
hinterland
 
another name for a market area
13
range
 
the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
14
gravity model
 
a model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly...
15
rank-size rule
 
a pattern of settlements in a country, such as the nth largest settlement is 1/n...
16
primate city rule
 
a pattern of settlements in a country, such as that the largest settlement has more than twice...
17
primate city
 
the largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking...
18
city-state
 
a sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
19
basic industries
 
industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement
20
nonbasic industries
 
industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community
21
economic base
 
a community's unique collection of basic industries
22
central business district (CBD)
 
the area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered


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