AP Human Geography Chapter 11

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factories built by U.S. companies in Mexico near the U.S. border, to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico
Industrial Revolution
a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
bulk-reducing industry
an economic activity in which the final product weighs less than the inputs
bulk-gaining industry
an economic activity in which the final product weighs more than the inputs
break-of-bulk point
a location where transfer among transportation modes is possible
labor-intensive industry
an industry for which labor costs make up a high percentage of total expenses
a fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing
cottage industry
manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution
right-to-work laws
require a factory to maintain a so-called "open shop" and prohibit a "closed shop"
new international division of labor
transfer of some types of jobs, especially those requiring low-paid, less-skilled workers, from more developed to less developed countries
turning over much of the responsibility for production to independent suppliersF
Fordist production
form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to perform repeatedly
post-Fordist production
adoption by companies of flexible work rules, such as the allocation of workers to teams that perform a variety of tasks

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