AP Human Geography: Chapter 10: Urbanization

The Study Of The Physical Form And Structure Of Urban Places.
Created Mar 9, 2011
by lalacomp13
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Agglomeration
(n.)- a built up area consisting of central city and its surrounding suburbs (similar to the...
Barriadas
(n.)- a neighborhood, usually a slum or lower class (many of the Latin American cities...
Bid-rent Theory
explains that the price/demand for land increases closer to the CBD (explains the concentric...
Blockbusting
(v.)- the process of white families selling their homes because of fears that blacks would...
CBD
(n.)- stands for central business district, location of skyscrapers and companies (would always...
Census Tract
(n.)- these are govt. designated areas in cities that each have ~5,000 people, they often...
Centrality
(n.)- the strength of dominance of an urban center over its surrounding area, larger than...
Centralization
(n.)- the movement of people, capital, services, and govt. into the central city (opposite...
Christaller, Walter
He created the Central Place Theory, which explains how services are distributed and why there...
City
(n.)- centralized area with a mayor and local government, usually bigger than a town (cities...
Cityscapes
(n.)- similar to a landscape, yet of a city (cityscapes often show the city‟s skyline, which...
Colonial City
(n.)- cities founded by colonial powers, such as Mexico City by the Spanish (these often contain...
Commercialization
(n.)- the process of the increasing importance of business (advertisements in cities, development...
Concentric Zone Model
created by E.W. Burgess, city grows outwards from a central area (CBD in middle, then zone...
Counterurbanization
(n.)- a net migration from urban to rural areas (this only happens in very developed areas...
Decentralization
(n.)- the process of dispersing decision-making outwards from the center of authority...
Deindustrialization
(n.)- process of social and economic change caused by removal of industry. (We learned...
Early Cities
(n.)- Cities of the ancient world (-3500 to -1200) (We learned about how agriculture and...
Economic Base
(n.)- Communities collection of basic industry (We learned about job sectors)
Edge City
(n.)- A new concentration of business in suburban areas consisting of suburbs (We learned...
Emerging Cities
(n.)- City currently without much population but increasing in size at a fast rate (learned...
Employment Structure
(n.)- graph showing how primary secondary and tertiary sector jobs are separated.
Entrepot
(n.)- Trading center where goods are exported and imported without cost. (We learned about...
Ethnic Neighborhood
(n.)- A neighborhood with distinctive ethnic composition (We learned about segregation...
Favela
(n.)- A shantytown or slum, especially in Brazil (We learned about the slum conditions...
Female-headed Household
(n.)- A household dominated by a woman (We learned about how MCDs have different family structure.)
Festival Landscape
(n.)- a landscape of cultural festivities (We learned about the culture.)
Gateway City
(n.)- a settlement which acts as a link between two areas. (We learned about primate cities,...
Gender
(n.)- a person's sex (We learned about differences that occur as a result of gender.)
Gentrification
(n.)- process in which low cost neighborhoods are renovated by middle class to increase...
Ghetto
(n.)- A usually poor section of a city inhabited primarily by people of the same race,...
Globalization
(n.)- Development of worldwide patterns of economic relationships (we learned about he...


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