AP Human Geography: Chapter 10: Urbanizatio

32 cards

The Study Of The Physical Form And Structure Of Urban Places.


 
  
Created Mar 9, 2011
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lalacomp13

 

 
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1
Agglomeration
 
(n.)- a built up area consisting of central city and its surrounding suburbs (similar to the...
2
Barriadas
 
(n.)- a neighborhood, usually a slum or lower class (many of the Latin American cities...
3
Bid-rent Theory
 
explains that the price/demand for land increases closer to the CBD (explains the concentric...
4
Blockbusting
 
(v.)- the process of white families selling their homes because of fears that blacks would...
5
CBD
 
(n.)- stands for central business district, location of skyscrapers and companies (would always...
6
Census Tract
 
(n.)- these are govt. designated areas in cities that each have ~5,000 people, they often...
7
Centrality
 
(n.)- the strength of dominance of an urban center over its surrounding area, larger than...
8
Centralization
 
(n.)- the movement of people, capital, services, and govt. into the central city (opposite...
9
Christaller, Walter
 
He created the Central Place Theory, which explains how services are distributed and why there...
10
City
 
(n.)- centralized area with a mayor and local government, usually bigger than a town (cities...
11
Cityscapes
 
(n.)- similar to a landscape, yet of a city (cityscapes often show the city‟s skyline, which...
12
Colonial City
 
(n.)- cities founded by colonial powers, such as Mexico City by the Spanish (these often contain...
13
Commercialization
 
(n.)- the process of the increasing importance of business (advertisements in cities, development...
14
Concentric Zone Model
 
created by E.W. Burgess, city grows outwards from a central area (CBD in middle, then zone...
15
Counterurbanization
 
(n.)- a net migration from urban to rural areas (this only happens in very developed areas...
16
Decentralization
 
(n.)- the process of dispersing decision-making outwards from the center of authority...
17
Deindustrialization
 
(n.)- process of social and economic change caused by removal of industry. (We learned...
18
Early Cities
 
(n.)- Cities of the ancient world (-3500 to -1200) (We learned about how agriculture and...
19
Economic Base
 
(n.)- Communities collection of basic industry (We learned about job sectors)
20
Edge City
 
(n.)- A new concentration of business in suburban areas consisting of suburbs (We learned...
21
Emerging Cities
 
(n.)- City currently without much population but increasing in size at a fast rate (learned...
22
Employment Structure
 
(n.)- graph showing how primary secondary and tertiary sector jobs are separated.
23
Entrepot
 
(n.)- Trading center where goods are exported and imported without cost. (We learned about...
24
Ethnic Neighborhood
 
(n.)- A neighborhood with distinctive ethnic composition (We learned about segregation...
25
Favela
 
(n.)- A shantytown or slum, especially in Brazil (We learned about the slum conditions...
26
Female-headed Household
 
(n.)- A household dominated by a woman (We learned about how MCDs have different family structure.)
27
Festival Landscape
 
(n.)- a landscape of cultural festivities (We learned about the culture.)
28
Gateway City
 
(n.)- a settlement which acts as a link between two areas. (We learned about primate cities,...
29
Gender
 
(n.)- a person's sex (We learned about differences that occur as a result of gender.)
30
Gentrification
 
(n.)- process in which low cost neighborhoods are renovated by middle class to increase...
31
Ghetto
 
(n.)- A usually poor section of a city inhabited primarily by people of the same race,...
32
Globalization
 
(n.)- Development of worldwide patterns of economic relationships (we learned about he...


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