AP Human Unit 1 Test

58 cards

Unit 1 Human Geography Test


 
  
Created Aug 30, 2009
by
ilovejesusandlacrosse

 

 
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1
place
 
specific point on earth distinguished by a particular character
2
region
 
area of earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features
3
scale
 
relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole
4
space
 
refers to the physical gap or interval between two objects
5
connections
 
relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space
6
cartography
 
science of mapmaking
7
scale
 
relationship of a feature's size on a map to its actual size on earth
8
projection
 
scientific method of transferring locations on earths surface to a flat map
9
land ordinance of 1785
 
divided much of the country into a system of townshipd and ranges to facilitate the sale of...
10
township
 
square 6 miles on each side
11
principal meridians
 
north south lines separating twnships
12
base lines
 
east west lines separating twnships
13
sections
 
township is divided into 36 sections 1 square mile
14
GIS
 
(geographic information system) computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze, and...
15
remote sensing
 
the finding of data about Earth's surface from a satellite or from other long-distance methods
16
GPS
 
(global positioning system) system determines accurately the precise position of something...
17
location
 
position something occupies on Earth's surface
18
toponym
 
name given to a place on Earth
19
site
 
physical character of a place(i.e. climate, water sources, topography, soil, vegetation, latitude,...
20
situation
 
location of a place relative to other places 1) finding an unfamiliar place 2) understanding...
21
meridian
 
arc between north and south poles. longitude.
22
parallel
 
circle drawn around globe parallel to equator. latitude.
23
prime meridian
 
meridian that passes through GMT at 0 degrees longitude
24
latitude
 
numbering system to indicate the location of a parallel
25
longitude
 
numbering system to indicate the location of a meridian
26
GMT
 
(Greenwich Mean Time) or 0 degrees longitude is master reference for all time zones. east=...
27
International Dateline
 
 follows 180 degree longitude you move clock back 24 hours going toward america
28
cultural landscape
 
combination of cultural features (language, region), economic features (agriculture, industry),...
29
regional studies
 
each region has its own distinctive landscape that results from a unique combination of social...
30
formal region
 
uniform/homogeneous region, is an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive...
31
functional region
 
nodal region, is an area organized around a node or focal point
32
vernacular region
 
place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
33
mental map
 
internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface
34
culture
 
body of customary beliefs, material traits, and social formas that together constitute the...
35
cultural ecology
 
geographic study of huuman-environment relationships
36
environmental determinism
 
The physical environment caused social development or where you lived affected who you were
37
possibilism
 
the human environment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to adjust their...
38
resources
 
substances that are useful to people, economically and technologically feasable to access,...
39
polder
 
piece of land that is created by draining the water from an area
40
globalization
 
force or process that involves the entire world and resuts in making something worldwide in...
41
transnational corporation
 
conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where...
42
distribution
 
arrangement of a feature in space
43
density
 
frequency with which something occurs in space
44
arithmetic density
 
total # of objects in an area, is commonly used to compare the distribution of population in...
45
physiological density
 
# of persons per unit of area suitable for agriculture
46
agricultural density
 
number of farmers per unit of farmland
47
concentration
 
event of a feature's spread over space
48
pattern
 
geometric arrangement of objects in space
49
space-time compression
 
reduction in the time it takes for something to reach another place
50
distance decay
 
contact diminishes with increasing distance and eventually disappears
51
diffusion
 
process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another overtime
52
hearth
 
place from which an innovation originates
53
relocation diffusion
 
spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
54
expansion diffusion
 
spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
55
hierarchical diffusion
 
spread of an idea persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
56
contagious diffusion
 
rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population
57
stimulus diffusion
 
spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to...
58
uneven development
 
increasing gap in economic conditions between regions in the core and periphery that results...


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