AP Human Unit 1 Test

AP Human Unit 1 Test Unit 1 Human Geography Test
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place
 
specific point on earth distinguished by a particular character
region
 
area of earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features
scale
 
relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole
space
 
refers to the physical gap or interval between two objects
connections
 
relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space
cartography
 
science of mapmaking
scale
 
relationship of a feature's size on a map to its actual size on earth
projection
 
scientific method of transferring locations on earths surface to a flat map
land ordinance of 1785
 
divided much of the country into a system of townshipd and ranges to facilitate the sale of land to settlers in the West
township
 
square 6 miles on each side
principal meridians
 
north south lines separating twnships
base lines
 
east west lines separating twnships
sections
 
township is divided into 36 sections 1 square mile
GIS
 
(geographic information system) computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze, and display geographic data in layers
remote sensing
 
the finding of data about Earth's surface from a satellite or from other long-distance methods
GPS
 
(global positioning system) system determines accurately the precise position of something on Earth
location
 
position something occupies on Earth's surface
toponym
 
name given to a place on Earth
site
 
physical character of a place(i.e. climate, water sources, topography, soil, vegetation, latitude, elevation)
situation
 
location of a place relative to other places 1) finding an unfamiliar place 2) understanding it's importance
meridian
 
arc between north and south poles. longitude.
parallel
 
circle drawn around globe parallel to equator. latitude.
prime meridian
 
meridian that passes through GMT at 0 degrees longitude
latitude
 
numbering system to indicate the location of a parallel
longitude
 
numbering system to indicate the location of a meridian
GMT
 
(Greenwich Mean Time) or 0 degrees longitude is master reference for all time zones. east= ahead west= behind
International Dateline
 
follows 180 degree longitude you move clock back 24 hours going toward america
cultural landscape
 
combination of cultural features (language, region), economic features (agriculture, industry), physical features (climate, vegetation)
regional studies
 
each region has its own distinctive landscape that results from a unique combination of social relationships and physical processes
formal region
 
uniform/homogeneous region, is an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics
functional region
 
nodal region, is an area organized around a node or focal point
vernacular region
 
place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
mental map
 
internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface
culture
 
body of customary beliefs, material traits, and social formas that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people
cultural ecology
 
geographic study of huuman-environment relationships
environmental determinism
 
The physical environment caused social development or where you lived affected who you were
possibilism
 
the human environment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to adjust their environment
resources
 
substances that are useful to people, economically and technologically feasable to access, and is socially acceptable to use
polder
 
piece of land that is created by draining the water from an area
globalization
 
force or process that involves the entire world and resuts in making something worldwide in scope
transnational corporation
 
conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters and principal shareholders are located
distribution
 
arrangement of a feature in space
density
 
frequency with which something occurs in space
arithmetic density
 
total # of objects in an area, is commonly used to compare the distribution of population in different countries
physiological density
 
# of persons per unit of area suitable for agriculture
agricultural density
 
number of farmers per unit of farmland
concentration
 
event of a feature's spread over space
pattern
 
geometric arrangement of objects in space
space-time compression
 
reduction in the time it takes for something to reach another place
distance decay
 
contact diminishes with increasing distance and eventually disappears
diffusion
 
process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another overtime
hearth
 
place from which an innovation originates
relocation diffusion
 
spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
expansion diffusion
 
spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
hierarchical diffusion
 
spread of an idea persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
contagious diffusion
 
rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population
stimulus diffusion
 
spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse
uneven development
 
increasing gap in economic conditions between regions in the core and periphery that results from the globalization of the economy
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