AP Government Chapter 15 Terms

What What Whaaaat.
 
Created Mar 25, 2012
by smagicmarble
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Side ASide B
bureaucracy
According to Weber, a hierarchal authority structure that uses task specialization, operates...
patronage
A key inducement used by political machines. A job, promotion, or contract given for political...
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Passed in 1883. Created federal civil service so hiring would be based on merit, not privelege.
civil service
System of hiring/ promotion based on the merit principle and the desire to create nonpartisan...
merit principle
Hiring based on entrance exams and promotion ratings to make talented/skilled administration.
Hatch Act
Law prohibits gov't. emloyees from active participation in partisan politics.
Office of Personnel Management
In charge of hiring for most federal agencies. 
GS (General Schedule) Rating
Schedule for federal employees ranging from GS 1 to GS 18, by which salaries can be keyed to...
Senior Executive Service
Elite cadre of about 9,000 federal gov't. managers, established by Civil Service Reform Act...
independent regulatory commission
Gov't. agency responsible for some sector of the economy. Makes/ enforces rules to protect...
government corporation
Gov't. organization that, like business corporations, provides service that could be provided...
independent executive agency
Gov't. not accounted for by cabinet depts., independent regulatory commissions, and gov't....
policy implementation
Stage of policymaking between establishment and consequences for whom it affects. Involves...
standard operating procedure (SOP)
Used by bureaucrats to bring uniformity to complex organizations. Improves fairness and makes...
administrative discretion
Authority of administrors to select  response to a given problem. Greatest when SOP doesn't...
street-level bureaucrats
Coined by Michael Lipsky. Refers to those in constant contact with the public and have considerable...
regulation
Use of gov't. autjority to control/ change a practice in private sector.
deregulation
Lifting of restrictions on business, industry, and professional activities for which gov't....
command-and-control policy
Typical system of regulation where gov't. tells businsses how to reach certain goals, checks...
incentive system
Use of marketlike strategies to manage public policy.
executive order
Regulations originating from executive branch. One method presidents can use to control bureaucracy.
iron triangle
Mutual relationship between bureaucratic agencies, interest groups, and congressional committees/...


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