AP Government Chapter 15 Terms

22 cards

What what whaaaat.


 
  
Created Mar 25, 2012
by
smagicmarble

 

 
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1
bureaucracy
 
According to Weber, a hierarchal authority structure that uses task specialization, operates...
2
patronage
 
A key inducement used by political machines. A job, promotion, or contract given for political...
3
Pendleton Civil Service Act
 
Passed in 1883. Created federal civil service so hiring would be based on merit, not privelege.
4
civil service
 
System of hiring/ promotion based on the merit principle and the desire to create nonpartisan...
5
merit principle
 
Hiring based on entrance exams and promotion ratings to make talented/skilled administration.
6
Hatch Act
 
Law prohibits gov't. emloyees from active participation in partisan politics.
7
Office of Personnel Management
 
In charge of hiring for most federal agencies. 
8
GS (General Schedule) Rating
 
Schedule for federal employees ranging from GS 1 to GS 18, by which salaries can be keyed to...
9
Senior Executive Service
 
Elite cadre of about 9,000 federal gov't. managers, established by Civil Service Reform Act...
10
independent regulatory commission
 
Gov't. agency responsible for some sector of the economy. Makes/ enforces rules to protect...
11
government corporation
 
Gov't. organization that, like business corporations, provides service that could be provided...
12
independent executive agency
 
Gov't. not accounted for by cabinet depts., independent regulatory commissions, and gov't....
13
policy implementation
 
Stage of policymaking between establishment and consequences for whom it affects. Involves...
14
standard operating procedure (SOP)
 
Used by bureaucrats to bring uniformity to complex organizations. Improves fairness and makes...
15
administrative discretion
 
Authority of administrors to select  response to a given problem. Greatest when SOP doesn't...
16
street-level bureaucrats
 
Coined by Michael Lipsky. Refers to those in constant contact with the public and have considerable...
17
regulation
 
Use of gov't. autjority to control/ change a practice in private sector.
18
deregulation
 
Lifting of restrictions on business, industry, and professional activities for which gov't....
19
command-and-control policy
 
Typical system of regulation where gov't. tells businsses how to reach certain goals, checks...
20
incentive system
 
Use of marketlike strategies to manage public policy.
21
executive order
 
Regulations originating from executive branch. One method presidents can use to control bureaucracy.
22
iron triangle
 
Mutual relationship between bureaucratic agencies, interest groups, and congressional committees/...

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