AP Government Chapter 12 Terms

AP Government Chapter 12 Terms What.
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incumbent
 
Already holding office. Usually win congressional elections.
casework
 
Activities of Congressmembers that help constituents as individuals.
pork barrel
 
List of federal projects, grants, and contracts available to cities, businesses, etc.
bicameral legislature
 
Divided into 2 houses, like US Congress and every state except Nebraska.
House Rules Committee
 
Institution of the House of Reps. that reviews all bills (except revenue, budget, and appropriation) from committees before they go to House.
filibuster
 
Senate strategy where opponents of a bill talk it to death because of "unlimited debate." 60 votes can end it.
Speaker of the House
 
Mandated by Const. Chosen by majority party, has formal and informal powers, and is 2nd in line to succeed president.
majority leader
 
Partisan ally of Speaker/ manager of party in Senate. Schedules bills, influences commitee assignments, and rounds up votes.
whip
 
Works with majority/ minority leader to count votes and lean on waverers.
minority leader
 
Lead of minority party in House or Senate.
standing committee
 
On separate subject-matters in different policy areas in each house of Congress.
joint committee
 
On few subject-matter areas with members from both houses.
conference committee
 
Formed when similar bills in each house. Smooths out the differences into a single bill.
select committee
 
For a specific purpose, like Watergate.
legislative oversight
 
Congress's monitor of bureaucracy and it's policy administration, usually through hearings.
committee chair
 
Most important influence of Congressional agenda. Schedule hearings, hire staff, appoint subcommittees, and manage commitee bills before the full house.
seniority system
 
Rule for picking committee chairs until the 70s. The member whi's served longest and whose party controls the chamber is picked.
congressional caucus
 
Group of Congressmembers charing an interest/ characteristic. Usually from both houses and both parties.
bill
 
Propsed law drafted in legal language. Anyone can draft, but only Congress can formally submit.
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