AP Biology Chapter 19 Vocab

20 cards

AP biology ch apter 19


 
  
Created Apr 8, 2010
by
britthan10

 

 
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1
Protein shell enclosing the viral genome
 
Capsid
2
membrane that cloaks the capsid that in turn encloses a viral genome
 
Viral envelope
3
viruses that infect bacteria
 
Bacteriophage/phage
4
limited variety of hosts a phage can infect
 
Host range
5
phage reproductive cycle that culminates in the death of the host cell
 
Lytic cycle
6
phage that reproduces only by the lytic cycle
 
Virulent phage
7
endonuclease that recognizes &cuts DNA molecules foreign to a bacterium
 
Restriction enzyme
8
allows replication of the phage without destroying the host
 
Lysogenic cycle
9
phage capable of using both modes of reproducing within a bacterium
 
Temperate phage
10
phage genome that has been inserted in to a specific site on a bacterial chromosome
 
Prophage
11
RNA virus that reproduces by transcribing its RNA into DNA &then inserting the DNA into...
 
Retrovirus
12
Transcribes and RNA template into DNA, providing and RNA --> DNA information flow, the opposite...
 
Reverse Transcriptase
13
The retrovirus that causes AIDS
 
HIV
14
Symptoms and signs present during the late stages of HIV infection, defined by a specified...
 
AIDS
15
Integrated viral DNA that never leaves the host's genome, remaining a permanent resident of...
 
Provirus
16
Harmless variant or derivative of a pathogen that stimulates the immune system to mount defenses...
 
Vaccine
17
General outbreak of a disease
 
Epidemic
18
Global epidemic
 
Pandemic
19
circular RNA molecules that infect plants
 
Viroids
20
Infectious proteins that appear to cause a # of degenerative brain diseases in various animal...
 
Prions

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