Anthropology Chapter 5

Anthropology Chapter 5
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Ways of thinking, knowing, problem solving, and remembering
Cultural Themes
Realities of life and culture
Culture of Acquisition
Formal, school based verbal lectures and testing of abstracted knowledge
Display Rules
Cultural specific rules for behavior when one is feeling a particular emotion
A feeling state involving physiological, cognitive, and expressive components
Environmental Determininsm
The idea that the natural environment is not just part of the mix, but the crucial shaper of culture
Also known as Indigenous Psychology
Folk Ethnography
The notion that climate or other aspects of one's environment affects one's personality
The idea that the group is bigger than the single person
Indigenous Psychologies
Emphasis on the emic ways of thinking about personhood distinguishes our contemporary emphasis on the self from the earlier focus on personality
The idea that the individual is more important than the group
Odd word to describe
The development of skills, capabilities, and behaviors
Replacing an expression of anger with another emotion
Mental Illness
Maladaptive or dysfunctional patterns of thinking and behaving
Multiple Intelligences
Howard Gardner created this theory
National character
Suggest a common cultural pattern for a nation
National Culture
Something about culture
Where people turn some category of human into others which dehumanizes those individuals
The organization and interpretation of sensory information
A person's unique characteristics and behaviors
Psychological Anthropology
Different sorts of research into cultural variations in psychological processes
Situated Learning
The apprentice is situated in the context of doing the activity
Situated Practice
What is to be learned is integrated in the daily way of life
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