Anthropology Chapter 5


Anthropology Chapter 5
  
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Cognition
 
Ways of thinking, knowing, problem solving, and remembering
Cultural Themes
 
Realities of life and culture
Culture of Acquisition
 
Formal, school based verbal lectures and testing of abstracted knowledge
Display Rules
 
Cultural specific rules for behavior when one is feeling a particular emotion
Emotion
 
A feeling state involving physiological, cognitive, and expressive components
Environmental Determininsm
 
The idea that the natural environment is not just part of the mix, but the crucial shaper of culture
Ethnopsychologies
 
Also known as Indigenous Psychology
Folk Ethnography
 
The notion that climate or other aspects of one's environment affects one's personality
Groupism
 
The idea that the group is bigger than the single person
Indigenous Psychologies
 
Emphasis on the emic ways of thinking about personhood distinguishes our contemporary emphasis on the self from the earlier focus on personality
Inidividualism
 
The idea that the individual is more important than the group
Intelligence
 
Odd word to describe
Learning
 
The development of skills, capabilities, and behaviors
Masking
 
Replacing an expression of anger with another emotion
Mental Illness
 
Maladaptive or dysfunctional patterns of thinking and behaving
Multiple Intelligences
 
Howard Gardner created this theory
National character
 
Suggest a common cultural pattern for a nation
National Culture
 
Something about culture
Othering
 
Where people turn some category of human into others which dehumanizes those individuals
Perception
 
The organization and interpretation of sensory information
Personality
 
A person's unique characteristics and behaviors
Psychological Anthropology
 
Different sorts of research into cultural variations in psychological processes
Situated Learning
 
The apprentice is situated in the context of doing the activity
Situated Practice
 
What is to be learned is integrated in the daily way of life

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