Anotomy And Physiology


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Side ASide B
The Most important chemical stimulus leading to increasing rate and depth of breathing is:
increased carbon dioxide in the blood
The immune serum used to prevent maternal sensitization to Rh antigens is:
Lymph from the left arm returns to the heart through the:
Thoracic duct
The pharynogotympanic tubes, which drain the middle ear, open into the :
Chest pain resulting from the loss of oxygen to heart cells is called:
angina pectoris
The gas exchange that occurs between blood and tissue cells at systemic cappillaries is called:
internal respiration
In a Centrifuged blood sample, the buffy coat between the formed elements and the plasma contains:
Leukocytes and Platelets
Coronary heart diesease results from:
The accumulaion of fatty substances within blood vessels
The average functional lifespan of an RBC is:
100-120 days
lack a nucleus and most organelles
what is the most common cause for lung cancer:
The lymph tissues found within the walls of the small intestine are called:
Peyer's patches
The opening between the vocal cord is called the:
A substance that stimulates the immune system to release antibodies:
Pulmonary circulation involves blood flow to and from the heart and the:
Which of these blood types carries no antigens
type O
What specific type of acquired immunity do vaccines provide:
artificially  acquired active immunity
Hematocrit is the precentage of:
erytorocytes in blood
Which of the following is NOT a mechanism that aids lymph return:
the pumping action of the hear
Normal whole blood contains____g of hemoglobin per 100mL.
Vaccines are NOT for:
snakes bites
Which one of the following is NOT one of the four most common indicators of the inflammatory response:
The study of immunity is called:
WHich of the following substances is NOT typically perceived as an antigen:
self antigens
The homeostatic imbalance associated with the death of may full-terms newborn infants is called:
Which blood types can a person with blood type O recieve:
Type O
Which of the Following represents the correct path for the transmission of an impulse in the intrinsic conduction system of the heart:
sinoatrial(SA)node,atioventricular (AV) node, AV bundle right and left bundle branches, purkinje fibers
Expiration(Exhalation)occurs when:
diaphragm and Itercoastal muscles relax
Which lympathic organ's ,major job is to destroy worn-out red blood cells and return some of the products to the liver:
B cells develop immunocompetence in the:
Bone marrow
The molecule that prevents lung collaps by lowering the surface tension of the water film lining each alveolar sac is called:
The presence of air in the intrapleural space is known as:
The hormone that regulates the rate of erythrocyte production is called:
Hypoventilation dramatically increases carbonic acid concentration and involves:
extremely slow breathing
What is the role of mucus in the nasal cavity:
trap incoming bacteria and other foreign debris
The nasal cavity is seperated from the oral cavity by:
both the hard and soft palate
A person with a heart rate of 75 beats per minute and a stroke volume of 60mL per beat has a cardiac output of:
Surfactant is usually present in fetal lungs in adequate quantities by:
28-30 weeks of pregnancy
The process by which neutrophils are squeezed through the capillary walls during the inflammatory process is called:
The tricuspid valve is located between the:
right atrium and right ventricule
The most common type of blood is the U.S. population is:
Exchange of both oxygen and Carbon dioxide through the respiratory membrane occurs by:
Simple diffusion
The most numerous white blood cells are the:
The volume of blood pumped out by each ventricle with each beat of the heart is called the:
stroke volume
Which lymphoid tissues trap and remove bacteria entering the throat:
The univeral recipient has blood type:
Gas Exchang occurs in the:
The specific type of acquired immunity that a fetus obtains from maternal antibodies that cross the placenta is called:
artificially acquired passive immunity
The respiratory conducting passageways perform all of the following functions EXCEPT:
exchange gases
The respiratory rate in adults is:
12-18 respiratons per minute
The body's first line of defense against the invasion of disease-causing microorganisms is:
Skin and mucous membranes
often have valves to prevent the backflow of blood
A clot that breaks away from a vessel wall and circulates freely within the bloodstream is called:
Which of the following values is typical for the number of white blood cells in a cubic mllimeter of blood:
Cessation of breathing is called:
The thymus gland is most active during:
Lymph is largely composed of water that has escaped from:
The path of blood frow within the systemic vascular system is:
arteries, arterioles, capillary beds,venules, veins
The body's temperature-regulating"thermostat" that can be reset upward in response to pyrogens:
Hyperventilaton leads to all of the following except:
Build up of carbon dioxide in the blood
The lymph organ that programs Tcells and functions at peak levels only during youth is the:
which one of the following blood vessels carries oxygenated blood:
pulmonary Vein
Which of the following is NOT true of hte lungs :
Both lung have two lobes
Terminal bronchioles eventually terminate in:
The Sinotial node is located in the:
right atrium
Which blood type contains the A antigen only:
blood type A
Carbon dioxide dissolves in blood plasm for transport as:
Bicarbonate ion
The serous membrane covering the surface of the lungs is called the:
visceral pluera
where are the tonsils located:
which of the following is NOT one of the four main events of respiration:
residual volume
Vibration due to exhaled air that results in speech is a function of the:
true vocal cords
An isograft is a tissue graft donated by:
an identical twin
The flap of elastic cartillage that protects food from entering the larynx when swallowing is the:
Contaminated mucus is removed from the lower repiratory passageways, such as the trachea , by
oxygen binds with hemoglobin in the blood to form:
Which congenital respiratory disease results in the oversecretion of mucus and clogging of respiratory passageways:
cysitc fibrosis
where does hematopoiesis produce new red blood cells
red bone marrow
WHich one of the following formed elements in the most abundant:
The bluish cast that can result from inadequate oxygenation of the skin mucosa is called:
Following the removal of the laynx, a person would be unable to:
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february 10th

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