Animal Science 102 Terms

Animal Science 102 Terms Animals Their Named categories 
  
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A group of goats
 
Band
Castrate Pig
 
Barrow
Male goat
 
Billy 
Female Dog
 
Bitch
Sexually mature uncastrated male pig
 
Boar
Pertaining to the ox or cow; of the family Bovidae
 
Bovine
Chickens (meat type) that typically are marketed at about 50 days of age and about 4.5 lbs.
 
Broilers
A goup of baby chickens
 
Brood
Animal reserved for breeding and raising young 
 
Brood animal
A male sheep, goat, rabbit, deer or antelope
 
Buck
A sexually mature uncastrated male bovine
 
Bull
An immature male goat
 
Buck Kid
Refers to a cow in heat
 
Bulling
Bullock
 
most commonly refers to young bulls grown and fattened in a similar manner to beef steers and heifers
Burro 
 
A donkey
Calving
 
Act of parturition in calttle
Pertaining to the dog family
 
Canine
Capon
 
Male chicken that has had its testes removed
Cock
 
male chicken
Cockerel
 
male chicken less than a year old
Colt 
 
immature male horse
Cow
 
mature female bovine
Dam 
 
the female parent
Doe
 
and adult female rabbit, goat, or deer
Doe kid
 
immature female goat
an adult male duck
 
Drake
Drove
 
a group of swine
Equine
 
pertaining to a horse
Ewe
 
female sheep
act of parturition in swine
 
Farrowing
Feeder
 
young animal which does not have high finish (fatness) but shows evidence of ability to add wight economically 
Filly 
 
immature young female horse; a young mare
Flock
 
group of sheep
young horse or mule of either sex
 
Foal
Foaling
 
act of parturition in the horse
Fowl 
 
any bird, but usually refers to more mature poultry
Gander 
 
mature male goose
Gelding 
 
a castrated male horse
Get
 
The offspring from a male animal
Gilt 
 
a young female swine; until the first litter of pigs is farrowed
Gosling
 
any young goose
Half-sib
 
half-brother or half-sister
Heifer 
 
female of the cattle species that has not borne a calf
Heiferette 
 
a female of the cattle species that has given birth but finished for market rather than saved as a breeding animal
Hen
 
An adult avian female
herd
 
group of cattle or horses
Hinny 
 
the offspring of a Jenny and a stallion
hutch 
 
group of rabbits
Jack
 
male uncastrated donkey
Jenny
 
Female donkey; a jennet
Kid
 
young goat or antelope 
kidding 
 
act of parturition in the goat
kindling
 
act of parturition in the rabbit 
lamb
 
a sheep less than 12 months of age (ewe lamb, ewe ram)
Lambing 
 
act of parturition in sheep
littler 
 
the pigs farrowed by a sow or the pups whelped by a bitch at one delivery period
mare
 
mature female horse
mule
 
the cross resulting from mating a mare horse with a jack
nanny 
 
a female goat
Nonruminant
 
an animal without a rumen
Nurse Cow
 
a milk cow used to supply milk for nursing calves other than her own
Ovine
 
an animal of the subfamily Ovidae; sheep, goats
Pig
 
a young swine
Piglet 
 
A Little pig
Polled
 
having no horns
Pony
 
any small horse in the United States that doesn't exceed 58 inches tall at maturity
Porcine
 
pertaining to swine
Poult
 
an immature tuckey, after sex is determined, called young tom or young hen
Poultry
 
birds raised for meat and eggs
Produce
 
a female's offspring
Progeny 
 
offspring of animals
Ram
 
male sheep (aka buck)
Roaster
 
a young chicken (meat type) weighting mre than 4.5 pounds
Roasting pig
 
A pig weighing from about 50-75 lbs
Rooster 
 
an adult male chicken
Runt
 
a term used to denote a piglet of poor size in relation to littermates
Scrub 
 
an animal inferior in either breeding or individuality
Shoat
 
a young pig of either sex not fully grown and fattened for markey
Sire 
 
male parent
Sow
 
mature female swine
Stag
 
male animal castrated after the secondary sex characteristics have developed
Stallion 
 
mature male horse, not castrated
Steer
 
male bovine castrated before the development of secondary sex characteristics 
Stud
 
a unit of selected animals kept for breeding purposes
Tom
 
male tukey
Tup
 
Ram
Vealer
 
Calbes fed for slaughter usually less than 4 months old; "fancy veal may weigh as much as 400-420 pounds at 16 weeks
Weanling 
 
recently weaned animal
Wether
 
male sheep or goat castrated before sexual maturity
Whelp
 
to give birth to, as by a female dog
Yearling
 
refers to a male or female farm animal during th first year and up to two years of age

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