Ancient Greece Chapter 5: Section 1-4

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explain Minoan way of life
 
between 175Obc- 15OObc acquired ideas&techonology-adapted to their culture had rooms of royal banquet and religious shrines walls of palace covered in colorful frescos worshipped a bull and mother goddess women appeared freely in society may have had more rights than other womens in society
explain Mycenaens way of life
 
between 14OObc-12OObc lived in seperate Greek city-states warrior king built thick walled fortress wealthy rulers hoarded treasures
compare Minoans way of life with Mycenaens
 
the Minoans and Mycenaens both depended on sea trade to survive, also both civilizations lived on the island of Crete
explain Athens way of life; from the beginning to end of Pelopennesian war
 
limited democracy gov. evolved from monarchy to aristocracy noble landowners had power chose chief officials under aristocracy,Athenian wealth grew but as discontent spread, Athens moved to democracy Solon (appointed) outlawed slavery, open high offices by modern standards, democracy was limited only male citizens could participate women had no share in public life boys attended school, they encouraged young men to explore many areas of knowledge victory at marathon for Athens emerged from war as most powerful city-state Athens prospered during the age of Pericles Sparta later invaded Athens caputuring it Pelopenessian war ended Athenian domination economy eventually revived democratic government suffered
explain Sparta way of life; from the beginning to end of Pelopennesian war
 
put military training above all else persuaded by Athens to joing fight against Persia Spartan held enornormus Persian force, but Persia puahed through Sparta later invaded Athens capturing it and burning it allied itself to Persia after, Sparta suffered defeat from Thebes
explain how Athens and Sparta were alike
 
Athens and Sparta are alike because they both were around during ancient Greece. At first they worked together to fight against Persia, but then Sparta had feud with Athens causing Sparta to allied with Persia. They later captured Athens.
explain quote "Spartans are willing to die for their city, because they have no reason to live"
 
this quote is negative because tSparta had no fun activites, no love, no family time either. It was all about training, training...
democracy
 
ruled by people
autocracy
 
gov. with one ruler
oligarchy
 
gov. which ruling belongs to few people
aristocracy
 
gov. headed by privelaged or upper class
polis
 
city-states in ancient Greece
acropolis
 
highest and fortified point within Greek city states
phalanx
 
massive formation of heavily armed foot soliders
hoplites
 
heavily armed foot soliders
shrines
 
areas dedicated to honor gods and goddesses
frescoes
 
watercolor paintings
strait
 
narrow water passage
helot
 
made slaves work for the land
tyrant
 
people who gained power by force
legislature
 
law making body
alliance
 
formal aggreement between two or more nations
direct democracy
 
large # of citizens take direct part in day to day affairs
stipend
 
fixed salary
jury
 
panel of citizens who make authority to make final judgement in trial
ostracism
 
a citizen who wrote someone names on pottery
logic
 
rational thinking
rhetoric
 
art of skillful speaking
tragedy
 
plays that told stories of human suffering
comedy
 
humorous plays that mocked people or customs
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