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Ancient Greece Chapter 5: Section 1-4


  
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explain Minoan way of life
 

between 175Obc- 15OObc
acquired ideas&techonology-adapted to their culture
had rooms of royal banquet and religious shrines
walls of palace covered in colorful frescos
worshipped a bull and mother goddess
women appeared freely in society may have had more rights than other womens in society

explain Mycenaens way of life
 

between 14OObc-12OObc
lived in seperate Greek city-states
warrior king built thick walled fortress
wealthy rulers hoarded treasures
compare Minoans way of life with Mycenaens
 
the Minoans and Mycenaens both depended on sea trade to survive, also both civilizations lived on the island of Crete
explain Athens way of life; from the beginning to end of Pelopennesian war
 

limited democracy
gov. evolved from monarchy to aristocracy
noble landowners had power chose chief officials
under aristocracy,Athenian wealth grew
but as discontent spread, Athens moved to democracy
Solon (appointed) outlawed slavery, open high offices
by modern standards, democracy was limited
only male citizens could participate
women had no share in public life
boys attended school, they encouraged young men to explore many areas of knowledge
victory at marathon for Athens
emerged from war as most powerful city-state
Athens prospered during the age of Pericles
Sparta later invaded Athens caputuring it
Pelopenessian war ended Athenian domination
economy eventually revived
democratic government suffered
explain Sparta way of life; from the beginning to end of Pelopennesian war
 

put military training above all else
persuaded by Athens to joing fight against Persia
Spartan held enornormus Persian force, but Persia puahed through
Sparta later invaded Athens capturing it and burning it
allied itself to Persia
after, Sparta suffered defeat from Thebes
explain how Athens and Sparta were alike
 
Athens and Sparta are alike because they both were around during ancient Greece. At first they worked together to fight against Persia, but then Sparta had feud with Athens causing Sparta to allied with Persia. They later captured Athens.
explain quote "Spartans are willing to die for their city, because they have no reason to live"
 
this quote is negative because tSparta had no fun activites, no love, no family time either. It was all about training, training...
democracy
 
ruled by people
autocracy
 
gov. with one ruler
oligarchy
 
gov. which ruling belongs to few people
aristocracy
 
gov. headed by privelaged or upper class
polis
 
city-states in ancient Greece
acropolis
 
highest and fortified point within Greek city states
phalanx
 
massive formation of heavily armed foot soliders
hoplites
 
heavily armed foot soliders
shrines
 
areas dedicated to honor gods and goddesses
frescoes
 
watercolor paintings
strait
 
narrow water passage
helot
 
made slaves work for the land
tyrant
 
people who gained power by force
legislature
 
law making body
alliance
 
formal aggreement between two or more nations
direct democracy
 
large # of citizens take direct part in day to day affairs
stipend
 
fixed salary
jury
 
panel of citizens who make authority to make final judgement in trial
ostracism
 
a citizen who wrote someone names on pottery
logic
 
rational thinking
rhetoric
 
art of skillful speaking
tragedy
 
plays that told stories of human suffering
comedy
 
humorous plays that mocked people or customs

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