ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY-BLOOD

39 cards


 
  
Created Apr 14, 2009
by
ginnyk08

 

 
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1
Blood Characteristics *pH between (1) *Temperature of (2) *Composes about (3) of body...
 
1) 7.35 and 7.45 2) 38 degrees C or 100.4 degrees F 3) 8% 4) 6 quarts 5) 5X
2
Blood Functions *(1) nutrients, oxygen, wastes, and hormones *Helps maintain the stability...
 
1) Transports 2) interstitial fluid 3) Heat
3
Composition of Blood Red blood cells About (1) of total blood volume This...
 
1) 45% 2) hematocrit 3) 1% 4) 55% 5) Mixture
4
pH of blood (1) – condition when blood pH shifts in an acid direction. (2) – condition...
 
1) Acidosis 2) Alkalosis 3) respiratory and renal 4) 7.35 to 7.45
5
Blood Cell Types (1) blood cells *Erythrocytes *Biconcave discs *This shape...
 
1) Red 2) Gases 3) surface area 4) hemoglobin
6

Red Blood Cell Production

 

 

“Erythropoiesis” *Initially occurs...
 

1) yolk sac, liver, and spleen

2) bones

3) 120 days

4) Erythropoietin

5)...

7

Dietary Factors that Affect RBC Production

 

 

B-complex vitamins Necessary...
 

1) DNA

2) hemoglobin

 

8

Anemia

 

Too few(1) or too little (2) This reduces the (3) of the blood which...
 

1)  red blood cells

2) hemoglobin

3) oxygen-carrying capacity

4)...

9

Anemia

 

 

Iron Deficiency Anemia Causes Chronic (1) Dietary (2) Increased...
 

1) blood loss

2) deficiency

3) iron

4) skin

5) shortness...

10

Anemia

 

 

Megaloblastic Anemias Defined by large, abnormal appearing (1)...
 

1) red blood cell precursor cells

2) bone marrow

3) B12 or folate

4)...

11

Anemia

 

 

Hemolytic anemias Result from increased (1) Either...
 

1) red cell destruction

2) genetically

3) single base

4) amino...

12
RBC Destruction As they age, RBCs become (1) (2) destroy damaged RBCs in the liver and...
 
1) fragile and damaged 2) Macrophages 3) Hemoglobin molecules
13

Destruction of RBC's

 

Red blood cells have an average life span of (1)

 

(2) in...

 

1) 120 Days

2) Macrophanges

3) hemoglobin

4) hydrolyzed

5)...

14

White Blood Cells

 

Protect against (1) Develop in response to (2) Interleukins Colony-stimulating...
 

1) disease

2) hormones

15

White Blood Cells

 

 

1) Twice

2) Neutrophils

3) Eosinophils

4) Basophils

 

 

16

White Blood Cells

 

 

1) Monocytes

2) Lymphocytes

 

17

Types of lymphocytes

 

 (1) – matures in the thymus gland – do not...

 

1) T lymphocytes

2) B lymphocytes

18

White Blood Cell Counts

 

 

Number of white blood cells in a microliter...
 

1) 4500-10,000 cells

2) leukocytosis

3) acute infection

4) leukemia

5)...

19

Platelets

 

Develop from(1) in response to (2) Arise from very large cells...
 

1)  hemocytoblasts

2) thrombopoietin

3) megakaryocytes

4) nucleus

5)...

20

Blood Plasma

 

 

(1) water and contains organic and inorganic (2) Functions Transporting...
 

1) 92%

2) biochemicals

3) nutrients, gases, vitamins

4) fluid and...

21

Blood Plasma

 

 

Plasma proteins Most (1) of the dissolved substances (2) Smallest,...
 

1) abundant

2) Albumins

3) Globulins

4) Fibrinogin

22

Blood Plasma

 

 

(1) Oxygen and carbon dioxide are most important Also...
 

1) Gasses

2) Nutrients

3) Non-protein nitrogenous substances

23
 
Fact
24

Blood Plasma

 

Electrolytes Absorbed from the (1) or released as (2) Include...
 

1) intestine

2) by-products of cellular metabolism

3) Sodium and chloride

4)...

25

Hemostasis

 

The (?) of bleeding Three important steps (1) (2) (3)
 

?) stoppage

 

1) Blood vessel spasm

2) Platelet plug formation...

26

 Blood Vessel Spasm

 

Breaking a smaller blood vessel stimulate contraction...
 

1) Vasospasm

2) lessens

3) Only a few minutes 

4) Serotonin

27

Platelet Plug Formation

 

Platelets (1) to any rough surface and to collagen...
 

1) adhere

2) Plug

3) vascular break

28

 Blood Coagulation

 

Formation of a (1) Uses many clotting factors Some...
 

1) blood clot

2) coagulation

3) anticoagulants

4) concentration...

29
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Blood Coagulation

 

*Major...
 

1) soluble fibrinogen

2) insoluble fibrin

3) tissue thromboplastin

4)...

30
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Blood Coagulation

 

*Once...
 

1) damaged blood vessels

2) blood cells and platelets

3) blood clot

4)...

31
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Dissolving of Blood Clots

 

*Fibroblasts...
 

1)  blood clots

2) fibrous connective tissue

3) blood vessel

4)...

32
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DISORDERS OF HEMOSTASIS

 

*Blood...
 

1) 3 to 6 minutes

2) Thrombus

3) Embolus

4) Thrombocytopenia

5)...

33
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Thrombocytopenia

 

*Platelet...
 

1) 100,000

2) 20,000

3) production

4) destruction

5) loss

6)...

34
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Hemophilia

  *Caused...
 

1) clotting factors

2) joint hematomas

35
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Hemophilia A

 

*(1)...
 

1) X-linked

2) VIII

3) Muscles

4) Tissue

5) Joints

6)...

36
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Hemophilia B

 

 

*“(1)...
 

1) Christmas

2) hemophilia A

3) IX

4) replacement of factor IX...

37
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Blood Groups

 

*Antigens...
 

1) Agglutination

2) antigens

3) Plasma

4) serious transfusion reactions

5) ...

38
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ABO Blood Group

 

*Based...
 

?) two major protein antigens – A and B

1) Only A

2) Only B

3)...

39
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Rh Blood Group

 

*Named...
 

1) rhesus monkey

2) antigen D

3) Rh positive

4)  Rh negative

5)...

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