Anatomy Lab Practical 1

77 cards

ASU Practical #1 For Anatomy Lab: Histology


 
  
Created Jun 7, 2011
by
jackiealbert12

 

 
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1
voluntary muscle tissue
 
skeletal muscle 
2
Forms inner lining of trachea
 
pseudostratified columnar
3
dry, dead cell material on skin surface
 
keratin
4
space inside a hollow organ or blood vessel
 
lumen
5
space in which chondrocytes or osteocytes reside
 
lacuna
6
cell that produces mucus
 
goblet cell
7
hair-like tufts that sweep material along cell surface
 
cilia
8
forms lining of kidney tubules
 
simple cuboidal
9
specialized connections between cardiac muscle tissues
 
intercalated discs 
10
provides sturdy support for trachea, larynx, and nose
 
hyaline cartilage
11
Forms serous membranes
 
simple squamous
12
light and dark banding seen in some muscle tissue 
 
striations
13
simple squamous epithelial characteristics
 
one layer thick, "fried egg" from apical view, irregular shape with nucleus hanging toward...
14
simple squamous epithelial locations found
 
aveoli of lungs
15
simple squamous epithelial function
 
diffusion
16
simple cuboidal epithelial characteristics
 
one cell thick, cube-shaped cell, with aligned nuclei
17
simple cuboidal function
 
absorption and secretion
18
simple cuboidal found 
 
kidney tubules
19
simple columnar characteristics
 
single layer of tall, narrow cells; elongated oval shaped nuclei found in basal half of cell
20
simple columnar functions
 
absorption
21
simple columnar found 
 
inner lining of stomach and intestines
22
pseudostratified columnar
 
looks multilayered, some cells don't reach free surface, but all reach basal membrane. Often...
23
pseudostratified columnar found
 
respiratory tract
24
pseudostratified columnar functions
 
secrete and propel mucus
25
transitional epithelial characteristics 
 
"bunny ear," nucleus toward bottom with rounded tops, relaxes and stretches as transitions...
26
transitional epithelial functions
 
stretch to allow filling of urinary tract
27
transitional epithelial found
 
urinary tract, bladder
28
stratified squamous epithelial characteristics
 
multiple cell layers deep, increasingly flat and scaly toward surface; nonkeratinized same...
29
stratified squamous epithelial keratinized found
 
epidermis (palms and soles especially heavily keratinized)
30
stratified squamous epithelial keratinized function
 
resists abrasion, retards water loss through skin
31
stratified squamous epithelial nonkeratinized function
 
resist abrasion and penetration by pathogenic organisms
32
stratified squamous epithelial nonkeratinized found
 
tongue, vagina
33
stratified cuboidal epithelium characteristics
 
two or more layers of cube shaped cells
34
stratified cuboidal epithelium found
 
egg-producing vesicles of ovaries and sperm-producing ducts of testis
35
Areolar tissue characteristics
 
loose arrangement of collagenous and elastic fibers, scattered cells, many blood vessels
36
areolar tissue found
 
underlying epithelia
37
areolar tissue function
 
loosely bind epithelia to deeper tissue, allows passage of nerves and blood vessels through...
38
reticular tissue characteristics
 
loose network of reticular fibers and cells, with leukocytes and other blood cells
39
reticular tissue found
 
lymph nodes, spleen
40
reticular tissue functions
 
framework for soft organs
41
adipose tissue characteristics
 
white puffy 'cloud like' with nucleus on edges of thin margins
42
adipose tissue function
 
energy storage, cushioning
43
adipose tissue found
 
subcutaneous fat beneath skin
44
dense regular connective tissue characteristics
 
densely packed wavy collagen fibers, with ground substance and some nuclei
45
dense regular connective tissue found
 
tendons and ligaments
46
dense regular connective tissue function
 
bind bones and muscles
47
dense irregular connective tissue characteristics
 
densely packed collagen fibers running in random direction, few visible cells, few blood vessels
48
dense irregular connective tissue found
 
deep portion of dermis
49
dense irregular connective tissue function
 
durable, withstand stresses to body
50
hyaline cartilage characteristics
 
clear, gassy matrix with 'hyena spots' and doubled nuclei clusters
51
hyaline cartilage found
 
rings of trachea 
52
hyaline cartilage function
 
holds airway open during respiration
53
elastic cartilage characteristics
 
hyaline cartilage with elastic fibers in weblike mesh
54
elastic cartilage found
 
external ear
55
elastic cartilage functions
 
flexible, elastic support
56
fibrocartilage characteristics
 
parallel collagen fibers with rows of chondrocytes in lacunae between fibers
57
fibrocartilage found
 
pubic symphysis
58
fibrocartilage functions
 
absorbs shock
59
bone characteristics
 
"tree ring" appearance with matrix and central canal; lacunae surround canal
60
blood characteristics
 
platelets with larger WBCs mixed in
61
blood found 
 
heart and blood vessels
62
multipolar neuron characteristics
 
'sea monster' surrounded by smaller glial cells; dendrites and axons
63
multipolar neuron found
 
brain and spinal cord
64
multipolar neuron functions
 
internal communication
65
skeletal muscle characteristics
 
striated, voluntary, long, unbranched with multiple nuclei
66
cardiac muscle characteristics
 
striated, interwoven, single nuclei per cell and intercalated discs, involuntary
67
smooth muscle characteristics
 
nonstriated, involuntary, overlapping cells with single nuclei elongated
68
goblet cell
 
cell that stores and secretes mucus 
69
chondrocytes
 
cartilage cells
70
matrix
 
extracellular material in connective tissue
71
on the surface view from the top
 
apical
72
at the bottom, view from below
 
basal or basement 
73
3 things to consider when classifying tissues
 
shape, layers, and location of nuclei
74
chondrocyte
 
cartilage cell; former chondroblast that has become enclosed in a lacuna in the cartilage matrix
75
predominant fibers in reticular tissue
 
reticular fiber
76
ground substance
 
gelatinous fluid that absorbs compressive forces and protects delicate cells from injury. Found...
77
fibroblast
 
large cells that are thin and wispy, produce the fibers and ground substance that form matrix...


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