Anatomy Exam 2-Ch 5

51 cards

Chapter 5 Mastering A&P


 
  
Created Oct 18, 2012
by
kae91091

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Damage to elastic fibers in the skin of the elderly results in __________.
 
infection 
wrinkles
skin dryness
hair loss
2
Cell divisions within the stratum __________ replace more superficial cells which eventually...
 
granulosum
corneum
lucidum
germinativum
3
The epidermal layer that consists almost entirely of keratin is the __________.
 
stratum granulosum stratum germinativum stratum...
4
Cerumen is produced by glands located in the __________.
 
axilla palms and soles pubic...
5
The layer primarily responsible for the strength of the skin is the __________ layer.
 
epidermal reticular hypodermal papillary
6
Which of these cells produce the fibers found within the reticular layer of the dermis?
 
fibroblasts reticulocytes mast...
7
Which of the following glands secretes oil into the hair follicle?
 
sebaceous apocrine ceruminous eccrine
8
Sudoriferous glands are also called __________ glands.
 
ceruminous sweat sebaceous mammary
9
The process of skin repair after injury begins with ___________.
 
stem cell activation formation of scar tissue formation...
10
Which of the following is NOT part of the cutaneous membrane?
 
epidermis hypodermis reticular...
11
Which accessory structure is NOT found within the dermis?
 
lamellated corpuscle tactile corpuscle sebaceous...
12
What structures do you find within the hypodermis?
 
  fat and the cutaneous plexus sebaceous...
13
The papillary layer is more superficial than the reticular layer of dermis. True or false?
 
True
False
14
An important vitamin that is formed in the skin when it is exposed to sunlight is 
 
vitamin B
vitamin D
vitamin A
vitamin E
vitamin C
15
The type of cells that form the strata in the epidermis are
 
dendritic cells. melanocytes. adipocytes. keratinocytes. fibroblasts.
16
When the arrector pili muscles contract, 
 
  "goose bumps" are formed. shivering...
17
The dermis is composed of the papillary layer and the _______.
 
cutaneous plexus
hypodermis
reticular layer 
epidermis
18
The two components of the integumentary system are the
 
epidermis and dermis. epidermis and superficial fascia. cutaneous...
19
Water loss due to evaporation of fluid that has penetrated through the skin is termed ________...
 
  inactive sensible active insensible latent
20
________ are cells in the epidermis that are part of the immune system
 
  Squamous cells Basal cells Melanocytes Dendritic...
21
The layer of stem cells that constantly divide to renew the epidermis is the
 
  basal lamina. papillary layer. stratum...
22
The epidermis of the skin is composed of which type of tissue?
 
  nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium simple...
23
While walking barefoot on the beach, Joe stepped on a thorn that penetrated through the sole...
 
  2
4
3
1
5
24
Melanocytes ________
 
manufacture melanin from the amino acid alanine secrete...
25
Skin exposed to ultraviolet light increases production of __________.
 
  creatine
sweat
keratin
melanin
26
The primary pigments contained in the epidermis are
 
  melanin and chlorophyll. carotene...
27
Cyanosis signifies that a patient
 
has had too much sun. has been exposed to cyanide. has...
28
The ________ in keratinocytes protects the epidermis and dermis from the harmful effects of...
 
  keratin hemoglobin sebum melanin carotene
29
The ________ in keratinocytes protects the epidermis and dermis from the harmful effects of...
 
  keratin hemoglobin sebum melanin carotene
30
Which of the following is  
wrinkles increased activity by melanocytes chromosomal...
31
Which of the following statements about rickets is  
  leads to weak bones prevented by...
32
The epidermis receives blood from which of the following?
 
epidermal arteries dermal arteries called the cutaneous...
33
The layer of the skin that contains the blood vessels and nerves that are closest to the surface...
 
reticular subcutaneous epidermal hypodermal papillary
34
The layer of the skin that contains bundles of collagen and elastic fibers responsible for...
 
subcutaneous papillary reticular hypodermal epidermal
35
Skin inflammation that primarily involves the papillary layer is termed
 
papillitis. epidermatitis. melanocytis. superficialis. dermatitis.
36
The layer of soft keratin within the hair shaft is the ___________.
 
  hair bulb cuticle medulla root
37
The layer of hard keratin that coats the hair is termed the
 
medulla. cuticle. shaft. root. hair...
38
Variations in hair color reflect differences in the pigment produced by
 
soft keratin. melanocytes. dermal...
39
Lanugo is found
 
on the palms of the hands and on the soles of the feet. on...
40
Glands that discharge an oily secretion into hair follicles are ________ glands.
 
mammary ceruminous apocrine...
41
The ________ glands in the axilla become active at the time of puberty.
 
sebaceous merocrine sweat axillary apocrine...
42
Which of the following happens if body temperature rises above normal?
 
  Circulation in the skin decreases. Evaporative...
43
Fingernails grow from which structure?
 
lunula hyponychium nail body nail...
44
Fingernails grow from which structure?
 
lunula hyponychium nail body nail...
45
Collagen to repair a deep skin wound is produced by __________.
 
epidermal fibroblasts
dermal macrophages
dermal fibroblasts
epidermal keratinocytes
46
Nail production occurs at the nail
 
  body. hyponychium. root. bed. cuticle.
47
Mast cells are triggering a response to injury during which phase of repair?
 
maturation inflammatory proliferation migratory
48
In a penetrating wound, ________ divide to produce mobile cells that repair the dermis.
 
dendritic cells macrophages muscle...
49
If a fair-skinned person is sunburned, why does his or her skin turn red?
 
  The number of red melanocytes in the skin increases. The...
50
Skin can regenerate effectively even after considerable damage has occurred because
 
  contraction in the area of the injury brings cells of adjacent...
51
Scar tissue is the result of
 
  large numbers of collagen fibers and relatively few blood vessels...


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