American History

American History Timeline Quiz/Final Exam
Created Jan 13, 2013
by carolinenelson1
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1680
Pueblo Revolts: Somewhat successful (brief) rebellions by Natives against Spanish
1493
Papal Bull: Gave the Spanish rights to all land in exchange for converting the Natives.  A...
1517
Martin Luther lead a Protestant Reformation which caused a series of divisions from the Catholic...
1530s
The king of England/Henry VIII lead the English away from the Catholic Faith, forming a new...
The Columbian Exchange
Begins the passing of organisms between the Americas and Eurasia
Indentured Servitude
Servants offered their services for a set amount of time (Usually 5-7 years) in exchange for...
Charter
A grant given by the government to an institution to do a certain thing (coorporation, colony,...
Viceroyalty
Early 1500s- Common in Spanish colonization.  Administrative unit responsible for governing...
1754-1763
The French and Indian War (7 years war), resulted in the British hugely in debt, and the removal...
1804
Haitian Revolution: Started out as slave rebellions, and resulted in the removal of the French...
Enlightenment
A philisophical movement that attempted to put rationality and science in the forefront of...
1763
Pontiac's Rebellion.  Indians launched a revolt against British rule
1776
The signing of the Declaration of Independence just after fighting began in the U.S Revolution
1783
Treaty of Paris: Ended the U.S Revolution.  The western boundary set at the Mississippi...
3 Branches of Government
Legislative Executive Judicial
Legislative Branch
Bicameral (2 houses), Senate (100 members, 2 per state), House of Representatives (435 members,...
Executive Branch
Head is the president.  Responsible for enforcing and enacting laws
Judicial Branch
Responsible for determining when laws have been violated, and determining if laws are constitutional 
Veto
President can reject laws, but his veto can be overriden by 2/3 majority of both houses
War Powers
Senate is responsible for declaring war (and making all treaties).  President, as head...
Supreme Court
Highest court in the land.  Has 9 members
Mestizo
Latin Americans of mixed, native and European heritage (besides Indians)
Creoles
People of European descent who were born in the Americas, leaders in the eventual revolutions
Peninsulares
People of Spanish descent born in Spain (far less numerous than Creoles)
Latin American Revolution
Early 19th century: responded to frustration with 18th C Bourbon reforms, which raised taxes...
Rebellion of Tupac Amaru
1780: Failed revolt led by Mestizos, Amaru with a force of Indians, Mestizos, and Slaves 

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