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American Government Test 1

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Side ASide B
What's John Locke's stance on politics?
He believed in the pursuit of property, that the governments major responsibility was the preservation of private property; he also believed that those writing the law should have more...
What are some of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
Congress could not regulate tax or trade Congress could not coin money Congress could not raise and army There was no national court system Congress could not regulate foreign and...
What is Democracy and what are it's two types?
Democracy is when people gain their power by election Indirect Democracy is when the people don't participate, but they elect representatives to make laws for them Direct Democracy...
What is Article One? And what are it's Qualifications?
The Legislative Branch: The Great Compromise It has a Bicameral Legislature: The House of Representatives and the Senate The Qualifications of the House of Representatives...
What is Section 8 , 9, and 10 of Article One about?
Section 8 is about the powers of commerce where there are 17 powers of Congress listed, Only Congress has the power to call war, The president can move troops where needed, and Clause...
What are the strengths of the Articles?
Congress can now trade as an nation Congress can regulate commerce with foreign nations and among several states Congress can now coin money National Court System now in place-Federal...
What is Article Two AND Section 1 of it? What are it's Qualifications?
Strength: Executive Branch where the President of the U.S. has the power: chief executive There's a term of 4 years There are two electors and both electors return to their state...
What is section  two about in Article Two?
Section one talks about some of the constitutional powers/duties of the president like, being commander and chief over the U.S. military
What was the Great Compromise?
The Great Compromise was a final decision made by the Constitutionals Convention consisting of a committee to settle the disagreements between the Virginia and New Jersey plans. There...
What was the Virginia Plan?
It was written by James Madison. It was the first in the Constitution to be offered in Philadelphia It's where the National Government derives it's power from the people instead of...
What was the New Jersey Plan?
It was proposed by small states It's a one-house legislature, one vote for each state A congress with the ability to raise revenue A Supreme Court with members appointed for life
What was the Three-Fifths Compromise?
It was a compromise that came as a result of the problem of determining state populations so the Constitutional Convention reached an agreement where each slave would count as 3/5 of...
What was the Committees of Commerce,1772?
It was suggested by Samuel Adams, and colonists created it so that they could be updated on British Developments
What was the Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts), 1774?
Acts as a result of the Boston Tea Party, that blockaded Boston Harbor preventing Bostonian's from getting many foods, and citizens were forced by another provision using the Quartering...
What was the First Continental Congress, 1774?
56 delegates met in Philadelphia to settle things with the king and on behalf of the intolerable actions against the now united citizens. They came up with a series of resolutions to...
What was the Second Continental Congress, 1775?
As a result of King George III refusing to cooperate, the delegates reunited on increased hostility, and adopted the Olive Branch Petition as another attempt to end conflict,asking...
What was the Separation of Powers?
A way to divide out power among the three branches of government, the legislative, executive and judiciary Each branch was staffed separately with equality and independence ensured...
What is Article Three? And what is it's Qualifications?
It's the Judiciary Branch where the Supreme Court is Created The only court specifically named in the Constitution Qualifications: There are no written qualifications Only...
What is Article Four's two main points?
Full Faith and Credit: States must accept all legal documents from other states (ex. drivers license) Extradition Clause: A state governor must deliver...
What is Article Five's Formal Amending Method?
That one house can write an amendment to the Constitution. When 2/3 of each house of congress approves of the opposed amendment, it is sent to the states When 3/4 of the states approve...
What's the Informal Methods for Amending?
Judicial Interpretation: Includes a series of court cases -Marbury v. Madison where when  one person sues another would originate in the Supreme Court according...
What is the Article Six's Supremacy Clause?
That the Constitution, all the treaties, and all U.S. law are supreme law of the land
What is Article Seven's Ratification of the Constitution?
That a 3/4 of a state must ratify the Constitution in order for it to become law
How did the Federalist's Papers happen?
Federalists wanted the state of NY to ratify the Constitution, so James Madison got with his cohorts, Hamilton and Jay, and wrote a series of essays explaining the Constitution to the...
Who were the Anti-Federalists?
Were against ratifying the Constitution and favored weak national governments and strong state ones
How was Finding a Political Ideology?
You had Conservatives who wanted less government and favored local and state actions over federal, and were more with private You have Liberals who supported a well-funded government...
What are the Four Functions Of Government?
Insuring Domestic Tranquility: protecting against terrorism Common Defense: protecting against foreign aggressorsPromoting General Welfare:...
What are the Four Political Ideologies?
Explanation: where ideologies can provide an explanation on why social and political conditions are the way they are Evaluation: where ideologies can provide...
What was the problem with Ideological Labels?
Those who called themselves conservatives of liberals took opposite sides Libertarians believed in limited governments interference in personal liberties
Define Totalitarian?
A leader with "total" control supported by his military
What did Thomas Hobbes write and what was did it state?
Leviathan,and it stated that we, the people give the leaders the consent to govern

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