Age Of Imperialism


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domination by a country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
 
Imperialism
slave-gun cycle
 
the exchange of slaves for other weapons
about _______ slaves were sent to the Americas. Only _____ actually made it to the US.
 
10.5 million; 500,000
2 month voyage across the Atlantic; starvation; illness; overcrowded
 
Middle Passage
who did Europeans rely on to bring slaves to the coastal trading posts?
 
african tribes
2 African kingdoms that became powerful from the slave-gun trade
 
Dahomey and Ashanti
first European country to outlaw the slave-gun trade...when??
 
Great Britain; 1807
name of the organization that freed slaves in Freetown
 
West African Patrol
colony established in Africa for freed slaves
 
Liberia
only 2 countries in Africa not under European rule during 2nd half of 19th century
 
Liberia and Ethiopia
Congress of Berlin
 
1884-1885; decided who was going to have which nations in Africa
economical reasons of interest in Africa
 
raw materials and natural resources, Europe's standard of living was improved: needed more, new markets, cheap labor, outlet for increase in pop.
politiacal reasons of interest in Africa
 
sense of nationalism very strong; colonies viewed as source of prestige and strength,
emotional factors of interest in Africa
 
some Europeans believed they were racially and culturally superior, spread christianity to "pagans", "Take up the white man's burden"
chauvinism
 
extreme nationalism; even if it's wrong, I'll stand behind my country
extreme chauvinism
 
jingoism
possesion that the imperial power controlled directly
 
colony
exclusive trade privilages for imperial power
 
spheres of influence
country that has its own government but whose policies are guided by the imperial power
 
protectorate
led Egyptians against the French; became Egypt's ruler in 1805; encouraged cash crops....ex.
 
Muhammed Ali; sugar, cotton, tobacco
Suez Canal
 
Muhammed's successors approved; Muhammed opposed
Battle of Adowa
 
Italians tried to establish control over Ethiopia; Menelik II defeated Italians
leader of Belgium made the Congo his private property
 
King Leopald
Leopald's possesion
 
Congo Free State; people treated brutally; came to symbolize the worst aspects of Europen imperialism in Africa
Belgium Congo
 
Belgium took over Congo Free State because things got so bad
European nation that took over most of West Africa
 
France
country that took over Nigeria
 
Great Britain
Portugal took over this country because they needed slaves for Brazil
 
Angola; also took Mozambique
country that founded port of Capetown
 
Dutch Netherlands
boers
 
encouraged to settle in Capetown; peasants; Africaans (language)
Great Trek
 
when boers migrated north of capetown; established 2 republics: orange freestate and transvaal
zulu war
 
Boer vs. Zulu
Cecil Rhodes
 
Prime minister of Cape colony; racist; wanted to build railroad from British outposts to Africa (Cape to Cairo Railroad); boers in his way
conflict Rhodes' railroad led to
 
Boer War
Boer War
 
boers surrendered after 3 years; British put boers in concentration camps and starved them; felt bad so made big concessions to boers
segregation policy that haunted South Africa until 1990
 
apartheid-separated development
Union of South Africa
 
white dominated government
breaking up of a region into smaller and often hostile units
 
balkanization
European trading company that became involoved in India's internal affairs
 
England East India Company
Sepoy Rebellion
 
weapons were packed in animal fat which is against the Indian's religion
Indian soldiers who served in European armies
 
sepoy
rebellion that gave British excuse to take more control of India
 
Sepoy Rebellion
internal division that helped hold back resistance to British
 
Maharajah; religous differences

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