Advanced Learning Theory

Advanced Learning Theory
Created Jul 6, 2010
by bumbleleigh
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Conditional Discrimination Task
P  rocedure in which it is not possible to follow a general rule about sameness. ...
Retrospective Coding
  looking backward and remembering what has already happened,...
Prospective Coding
looking forward and remembering what response should be made next.
Peak Procedure
  procedure for studying animal timing abilities – peak of the...
Bias
a subject consistently spends more time on one alternative than predicted by the matching...
  Transitive inference
  if a>b and b>c than a>c
Bandura
Social Learning and Personality Development 1963
Generalized Imitation Theory Problems
  does not explain why observers will imitate a reinforced model...
Adam's Two Stage Theory
perceptual trace – memory of what it feels like to do a movement - and motor trace – ability...
  Schmidt’s Schema Theory
as people practice a task they acquire general rules abut how to recogniz the correct response...
Battig’s Contextual Interference Theory
  any features of the learning situation that make performing...
  Momentary maximization theory
an organism will select whichever alternative has the highest value at that moment.
  Vaughan’s Alternative molecular theory
  difference choice responses are strengthened to different degrees...
Ainslie-Rachlin Theory
  theory of self-control choices that explains why an individuals...
  Robert Bolles
Empirical principle of equipotentiality – laws of learning apply...
William Timberlake
biological behaviorism – overdetermined (rats would run a maze anyways)
  Spandrels
  human brain develops in this theory over thousands of years,...
Skinner Quote
Perhaps there is a touch of the primitive in saying that behavior...
Ultimate processes
explain why certain social behaviors exist
proximate mechanisms
explain how that logic is enforced.
  Formal properties
involve the topography (form structure) of the verbal response – articulation, prosody,...
  Functional properties
  involve the causes of the response
  Phonemes
  individual speech sounds that comprise a word.
Morphemes
  units with an individual piece of meaning.
  Verbal Behavior
  speculative and did not contain experimental data – proposed...
  Mand
asking for reinforcers you want.  Saying shoe because you want a shoe.  Only type...
Tact
  naming or identifying objects, actions, events, etc.  Saying...
Echoic
  repeating what is heard.  Saying shoe after someone else...
  Intraverbal
answering questions or having conversations in which your words are controlled by other words. ...
Textual
  reading written words.  saying shoe because you see the...
Transcription
writing and spelling words spoken to you.  Writing shoe because...
Formal similarity
occurs when the controlling antecedent stimulus ad the response or response product a) share...
  Generic extension
  the novel stimulus shares all of the relevant or defining features...
Metaphorical extension
  the novel stimulus shares some but not all of the relevant features...
Metonymical Extensions
verbal responses to novel stimuli that share none of the relvant features of the original...
Solistic extensions
when a stimulus property that is only indirectly related to the tact relation evokes substandard...
  Public accompaniment
occurs when an observable stimulus accompanies a private stimulus – child hits head on table.
Collateral responses
Child holds head and cries
Convergent multiple control
  identify when the occurrence of a single verbal response is...
  Divergent multiple control
  when a single antecedent variable affects the strength of many...
Thematic verbal operants
  mands, tacts, and itnraverbals and involve diff response topographies...
Formal verbal operants
  are echoic and textual and transcription and are controlled by a...
Autoclitic
  identify when a speakers own verbal behavior functions as an Sd...

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