Abnormal Psychology Study Guide 3

Test 3 Study Guide

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Dissociative Disorder
A disorder characterized by disruption, or dissociation, of identity, memory, or consciousnes.Types: Dissociative Identity Disoder (DID)Dissociative AmnesiaDissociative FugueDepersonalizatin...
Dissociative Amnesia
A dissociative disorder in which a person experiences memory loss without any identifiable organic cause.5 Distinct types:Localized SelectiveGeneralized ContinousSystematized
Localized Amnesia
Under Dissociative AmnesiaMost cases or more commonIn which evebts occuring during a specific time period are lost to memory.Example: A person cannot recall events for a number...
Generalized Amnesia
Under Dissociative AmnesiaA person forgets his/her entire life - who they do, where they live, who they live with.Very rareCannot recall persoal information.Example: You would...
Continuous Amnesia
Under Dissociative AmnesiaA person forgets everything that occurred from a particular point in time up to and including the present.
Dissociative Fugue
A Dissociative DisorderIn which one suddenly flee's from one's life situation, travels to a new location, assumes a new identity, and has amnesia for personal material.Formerly called...
Depersonalization Disorder
Characterized by persistent or recurrent episodes of depersonalization. Feelings of detachment from one's self or one's body. Feelings that are unrealistic.
Somatoform Disorder
Disorder characterized by complaints of physical problems or symptoms that cannot be explained by physical causes.Not concious, no gain.Symptoms interfer with the person's life.Several...
A purposeful fabrication of symptoms for obvious gain (such as avoiding work).Faking an illness to avoid work.Not a psychological disorder.Motivated by external incentives.Not a Somatoform...
Munchausen Syndrome
A type of factitious disorder characterized by the fabrication of medical symptoms.Can make oneself ill (by ingesting toxic substances)The deliberate fabrication of seemingly plausiable...
Munchausen by proxy
A form of child abuse in which a parent induces real or apparent symptoms of a disease in a child.The symptoms improve at the hospital but reappear at home.Some examples are: blood...
Conversion Disorder
A Somatoform disorder.Characterized by loss of impairment of physical function in the absence of any apparent organic cause.Not the same as malingering.Symptoms are not intentionally...
A somatoform disorder characterized by misinterpretation of physical symptoms as signs of underlying serious disease.Preoccupation or fear that one's physical symptoms are due to a...
Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)
A somatoform disorder characterized by preoccupation with an imagined or exaggerated physical defect in appearance.Feeling that they are ugly or even disfigured.Continious examination...
Koro Syndrome
A culture-based disorder, found primarily in China.People fear that their genitals are shrinking and retreating into their bodies.Identified mainly in young men.Tends to be short-lived.Involves...
Dhat Syndrome
A culture-based disorder, found primarily among Asian Indian males, characterized by excessive fears over the loss of seminal fluid.
Major Depression Disorder
A severe mood disorder characterized by major depressive episodes.Features:1. Changes in emotional states2. Changes in motivation3. Changes in functioning and motor...
Seasonal Affect Disorder (SAD)
Affect = emotions or emotional state.Not in the DSM-IV TRMood based on weather (lack of sunshine)Treatment: Phototherapy (artificial light therapy)
Postpartum Depression (PPD)
Not in the DSM-IV TRPersistent and severe mood changes that occur after childbirth.Problem if persists for months or years.Less severe than Major Depressive Disorders.
Dysthymic Disorder
Mild but chronic type of depression.Symptoms not a severe (appear as whiners)**Continue to function with distress.
Bipolar Disorder
A Major Depression disoder.A psychological disorder characterized by mood swings between states of extreme elation and depression.Use to be known as "Manic Depression."Bipolar I - (clear...
Manic Episode
A state of unusual elation, energy, and anxiety.Extreme restlessness, activity.Disorganized behavior.Impaired judgement.Pressured speech.Delusions of grandeur.
Learned Helplessness
A behavior pattern characterized by passivity and perceptions of lack of control.Even though good things happen the person's blames self. Example, a good grade on a test, the...
Rational Suicide
When a person rationalizes that suicide is the best alternative to living with a terminal illness.Example, when someone who has terminal cancer does not want to live anylonger with...
Substance Induced Disorders
Disorders such as intoxication, that can be induced by using psychoactive substances. Intoxication - a state of drunkeness or of being "high."Withdrawl symptoms, sleep disorders,...
Substance Use Disorders
Are patterns of continual use of substances despite the negative consequences. Includes Substance Abuse and Substance Dependence.
The continued use of a psychoactive drug despite the knowledge that it is causing social, occupational, psychological, or physical problems.
Sometimes called "downers." Psychoactive substances that decrease activity to the CNS and Cardiovascular systems. Can cause a relaxed, down feeling plus an euphoric effect on...
Sometimes called "uppers."Psychoactive substances that increase activity to the CNS and the cardovascular systems. Hightened energy, rapid heart beat and raised BP. Causes...
Psychodelic drugs or substances that cause a person to hallucinate with an euphoric effect. Some hallucinogens or psychodelic substances are: LSD, Acid, Mushrooms, THC (marijuana),...
Pain Killers
An opiode drug or substance that reduces or eliminates physical pain very effectively. A numbing agent. First choice in pain management.Opiodes have a side effect of euphoria.Some...
Feelings of unreality or detachment from one's self or one's body.Temporary loss or change in the usual sense of our own reality.They feel detached from themselves and their surroundings.It...
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
A dissociative disorder in which a person has 2 or more distinct, or alter, personalities.Must have the following: 1. At least 2 distinct personalities exist within the person,...
Pain Disorders
A MAJOR FORM OF somatoform disorder in which pshychological factors are presumed to play a significant role in the development, severity, or cause of chronic pain.Such as stressful...
Mood Disorders
Psychological disorders characterized by unusually severe or prolonged disturbances of mood.Depressive Disorders - Major Depression - Dysthymic DisoderBipolar...
A state of unusual elation, energy, and anxiety.
A relatively mild state of mania.
Be able to define dissociative identity disorder and identify four features that need to be present for this disorder to occur.
Be able to explain how suicide relates to major depression and identify five myths commonly thought about regarding suicide. Be sure to explain the correct perspective regarding...
Be able to explain five cognitive distortions, related to depression, according to Beck.
Be able to identify and explain the pathways to drug dependence.
Be able to describe hw the following perspectives would treat a substance disorder: Biological, Behavioral, and Nonprofessional support groups. (Be specific)
Be able to describe how the following perspectives would treat a mood disorder: Biological, Behavioral, and Psychodynamic. (Be specific)

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