Abnormal Psych Test 1

52 cards

the history, axes, etc.


 
  
Created Jan 30, 2011
by
karahlb417

 

 
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1
define abnormal psychology
 
the scientific and objective approach that describes, explains, predicts, and treats abnormal...
2
abnormal functioning/mental disorders are often characterized by? (4 d's)
 
Deviant, Distressing, Dysfunctional, Danger
3
Explain Deviant behavior
 
breaking off the morns of psychological functioning
4
What are the words used to describe bad stress?
good stress?
 
distress
eustress


5
describe someone who is experiencing distess
 
they have bad stress, which is often triggered by a mental illness in which the bad stress...
6
describe dysfunctional
 
the inability to deal with everyday functioning
7
list some ancient beliefs of mental illness
 
trephining, demonology, exorcism,
8
describe Greco-Roman beliefs of mental illness
 
looked for naturalistic explanations. Hippocrates began writing (father of modern medicine)...
9
middle ages response to mental illness?
 
return to supernatural explanations because it was a time of great stress; began to blame the...
10
what is mass madness?
 
a large group of people sharing the same absurd beliefs and symptoms
11
define tarantism-
define lycanthropy-
 
"dance mania" people dancing like crazy for days or weeks in the street-
belief that one...
12
what is the significance of Pope Innocent VIII
 
ordered all clergymen to find and exterminate the witches in a book titled "the Witches Hammel"...
13
During the Renaissance what changes were made towards mental illness?
 
the idea of witchcraft was challenged by johaun weyer, the promotion of mental patients being...
14
Describe the Reform movement and important figures
 
-moral treatment movement in the 19th century, approach to treat people with mental illnesses...
15
Descriptive the Biological Perspective
 
people have mental illness due to chemical imbalance
16
list the most common neurotransmitters and their function
 
1) acetyl choline (ACH): activating muscles, attention and memory
2) seratonin: regulates...
17
disease believed to be caused by an imbalance of ACH
 
alzheimer's
18
imbalance of seratonin can lead to....
 
anxiety disorders, mood disorders, eating disorders
19
lack of dopamine can lead to ....
 
parkinson's, schizophrenia
20
define endorphins
 
body's pain killers; in charge of mood, appetite, and perception of pleasure


21
describe the psychoanalytic approach/perspective
 
refers to Freud's structure of personality (Id, ego, and superego) and how conflicts between...
22
the self centered, impulsive, irrational, illogical, immoral aspect of personality
 
id
23
the conscience, moral-based "guilt voice"
 
superego

24
the reality based aspect of personality; rational, logical
 
ego
25
what are the three forms of anxiety explained through the psychoanalytic model
 
moral anxiety: fear of one's own conscience
neurotic anxiety" fear of wanting to do something...
26
Describe the Sociocultural Perspective and the two perspectives included:
1) Family Perspective
2)...
 
emphasizing the ways individuals are influenced by people, social institutions, and social...
27
Describe the
-cognitive
/behavioral perspective
 
cognitive: disorders due to faulty/ irrational thinking; can be cured through therapy etc.
behavioral:...
28
Describe the Humanistic Perspective
 
generated from Maslow's Hierarchy of human needs, focused on growth and adaptability. States...
29
system of diagnosis/classifications used by DSM that requires classifying a patient's behavior...
 
Multiaxial Assessment
30
Name the five axes
 
Axis 1: Clinical Disorders
Axis 2: Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation
Axis...
31
What are some things that would fall under Axis 1: Clinical Disorders?
 
Anxiety, Eating, Mood, Schizophrenia, Sleep, Substance-related disorders
32
What are some things that would fall under Axis II: Personality Disorders/Mental Retardation
 
Antisocial, Obsessive Compulsive, Paranoid, Schizoid, Mental Retardation
33
What are some things that would fall under Axis III: General Medical conditions?
 
diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer etc.
34
What are some things that would fall under Axis IV: Psychosocial/Environmental Problems?
 
1) problems with primary support group
2) problems related to social environment
3) educational...
35
what would be the normal score range on the GAF scale?
 
81-100
36
a procedure in which a clinician evaluates the person in terms of the psychological. physical,...
 
psychological assessment
37
series of open ended questions aimed at determining the client's reasons for being in treatment,...
 
unstructured interview
38
what is the difference between personal history and family history?
 
personal: has to do with self; relationships,school, peers
family: major events in the lives...
39
standardized series of questions with predetermined wording and order
 
structered interview ; MC/TF/matching yes/no
40
standardized series of questions in which the interviewer has the discretion to ask follow...
 
semi-structured interview
41
assessing the client's behavior and functioning with particular attention to the symptoms associated...
 
mental status examination
42
What to look for in regards to appearance and behavior during a mental status examination
 
hyperactivity, psycho-motor agitation, psycho-motor retardation, compulsion, catatonia,
43
what is orientation refer to in a mental status examination?
 
an individual's awareness of time, place, and identity
44
under content of thoughts in a mental status examination; unwanted thought, word, phrase, or...
 
obsession
45
false beliefs that are not consistent with client's intelligence or cultural background
 
delusion
46
client's choice of vocabulary and sentence structure
 
thinking style/language
47
an individuals outward expression of emotions
 
affect
48
inward experience of emotion
 
mood
49
name and describe the 3 types of mood
 
euthymic: normal, indifferent day to day
dysphoric: extreme sadness/irritability
euphoric:...
50
an imaginary sensation that does not exist in the real worlds; visual are the most common
 
hallucination
51
an altered experience of self, such as feeling out of body experience
 
depersonalization
52
lacking a clear sense of who one is
 
identity confusion

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