Flashcard Set Preview
Side ASide B
define abnormal psychology
the scientific and objective approach that describes, explains, predicts, and treats abnormal...
abnormal functioning/mental disorders are often characterized by? (4 d's)
Deviant, Distressing, Dysfunctional, Danger
Explain Deviant behavior
breaking off the morns of psychological functioning
What are the words used to describe bad stress?good stress?
describe someone who is experiencing distess
they have bad stress, which is often triggered by a mental illness in which the bad stress...
the inability to deal with everyday functioning
list some ancient beliefs of mental illness
trephining, demonology, exorcism,
describe Greco-Roman beliefs of mental illness
looked for naturalistic explanations. Hippocrates began writing (father of modern medicine)...
middle ages response to mental illness?
return to supernatural explanations because it was a time of great stress; began to blame the...
what is mass madness?
a large group of people sharing the same absurd beliefs and symptoms
define tarantism-define lycanthropy-
"dance mania" people dancing like crazy for days or weeks in the street-belief that one is...
what is the significance of Pope Innocent VIII
ordered all clergymen to find and exterminate the witches in a book titled "the Witches Hammel"...
During the Renaissance what changes were made towards mental illness?
the idea of witchcraft was challenged by johaun weyer, the promotion of mental patients being...
Describe the Reform movement and important figures
-moral treatment movement in the 19th century, approach to treat people with mental illnesses...
Descriptive the Biological Perspective
people have mental illness due to chemical imbalance
list the most common neurotransmitters and their function
1) acetyl choline (ACH): activating muscles, attention and memory2) seratonin: regulates mood,...
disease believed to be caused by an imbalance of ACH
imbalance of seratonin can lead to....
anxiety disorders, mood disorders, eating disorders
lack of dopamine can lead to ....
body's pain killers; in charge of mood, appetite, and perception of pleasure
describe the psychoanalytic approach/perspective
refers to Freud's structure of personality (Id, ego, and superego) and how conflicts between...
the self centered, impulsive, irrational, illogical, immoral aspect of personality
the conscience, moral-based "guilt voice"
the reality based aspect of personality; rational, logical
what are the three forms of anxiety explained through the psychoanalytic model
moral anxiety: fear of one's own conscienceneurotic anxiety" fear of wanting to do something...
Describe the Sociocultural Perspective and the two perspectives included:1) Family Perspective2)...
emphasizing the ways individuals are influenced by people, social institutions, and social...
Describe the -cognitive/behavioral perspective
cognitive: disorders due to faulty/ irrational thinking; can be cured through therapy etc.behavioral:...
Describe the Humanistic Perspective
generated from Maslow's Hierarchy of human needs, focused on growth and adaptability. States...
system of diagnosis/classifications used by DSM that requires classifying a patient's behavior...
Name the five axes
Axis 1: Clinical DisordersAxis 2: Personality Disorders and Mental RetardationAxis 3: General...
What are some things that would fall under Axis 1: Clinical Disorders?
Anxiety, Eating, Mood, Schizophrenia, Sleep, Substance-related disorders
What are some things that would fall under Axis II: Personality Disorders/Mental Retardation
Antisocial, Obsessive Compulsive, Paranoid, Schizoid, Mental Retardation
What are some things that would fall under Axis III: General Medical conditions?
diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer etc.
What are some things that would fall under Axis IV: Psychosocial/Environmental Problems?
1) problems with primary support group2) problems related to social environment3) educational...
what would be the normal score range on the GAF scale?
a procedure in which a clinician evaluates the person in terms of the psychological. physical,...
series of open ended questions aimed at determining the client's reasons for being in treatment,...
what is the difference between personal history and family history?
personal: has to do with self; relationships,school, peersfamily: major events in the lives...
standardized series of questions with predetermined wording and order
structered interview ; MC/TF/matching yes/no
standardized series of questions in which the interviewer has the discretion to ask follow...
assessing the client's behavior and functioning with particular attention to the symptoms associated...
mental status examination
What to look for in regards to appearance and behavior during a mental status examination
hyperactivity, psycho-motor agitation, psycho-motor retardation, compulsion, catatonia,
what is orientation refer to in a mental status examination?
an individual's awareness of time, place, and identity
under content of thoughts in a mental status examination; unwanted thought, word, phrase, or...
false beliefs that are not consistent with client's intelligence or cultural background
client's choice of vocabulary and sentence structure
an individuals outward expression of emotions
inward experience of emotion
name and describe the 3 types of mood
euthymic: normal, indifferent day to daydysphoric: extreme sadness/irritabilityeuphoric: cheefullness/ecstatic/elated
an imaginary sensation that does not exist in the real worlds; visual are the most common
an altered experience of self, such as feeling out of body experience
lacking a clear sense of who one is