Solutions, Acids, And Bases

17 cards

9th grade test #2


 
  
Created Dec 6, 2006
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1
solvent
 
substance that dissolves solute
2
solute
 
substance the is dissolves in solution
3
Three indicators of solution concentration
 
percent by mass, parts per million, molarity
4
Mass percent concentration
 
solute mass/total mass * 100%
5
Parts per million
 
5/100 = x/1000000
6
Mole
 
amount of substance to contain 6 * 10 to the 23rd power particles
7
molar mass
 
volume of one mole; Atomic mass in grams
8
molarity
 
moles per liter
9
acid
 
more H+ than OH-
10
base
 
more OH- than H+
11
Neutralization Reaction produces (2)
 
Water and salt
12
strong acid
 
fully ionized when dissolved in water, conducts electricity well
13
weak acid
 
partially ionized, not as conductive
14
Example of strong acid
 
nitric acid HNO3
15
example of weak acid
 
acetic acid CH3COOH
16
example strong base
 
Potassium hydroxide KOH
17
example weak base
 
ammonia NH3


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