Sociology

51 cards

Midterm Review


 
  
Created Dec 7, 2006
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1
Reasons for Grouping
 
Positive - Power Security Social Bond Negative - Loss of Freedom Individualism Loss...
2
Manifest Function Latent Function
 
intended to accomplish unintended or hidden Robert Merton
3
Theories of Social Structure (How Society holds together?)
 
1. Divine will obedience/ revelation 2. Structural Function theory held together by common...
4
Transitive Triads
 
where two people have same relationship with the third
5
Intransitive Triads
 
where one tries to be friends with two who dislike each other
6
Assimilation
 
process of exchanging one culture for another
7
Exchange Theory
 
a micro sociological theoretical perspective having as its central concern to explain and reveal...
8
Two approaches to Micro Sociology
 
Symbolic Interaction Theory Exchange Theory
9
4 principle of recruitment
 
Open Minded Principle Network Recruitment Principle Cosmopolitan Growth Principle Principle...
10
Rational Choice Theory
 
People are choosers We tend to do what is rewarding, although it might not be immediately...
11
C.H. Cooley
 
The Looking Glass Self - how we view ourselves, how others feel and react
12
George Homans Exchanging Rewards the four principles of frequency
 
The law of liking if you engage with equal ranks than more than likely you will like them The...
13
Differences between cool - burning communes
 
Unexpected results with cool and burning communes, cool ones lasted longer
14
5 basic social institutions
 
Family Economy Religion Political Order Education
15
3 major theories about social systems
 
Functionalism Social Evolution Conflict
16
Functional Societies
 
sub-groups within the commune tend to divide the commune at some point
17
Functionalism
 
social structures have functions, what is the structure there for
18
Social Evolution Theory
 
survival and adaptability
19
Conflict Theory
 
power and how does it affect social structure
20
Genetic Relationships
 
Mark Schuckitss study on alcoholism presents evidence for genetic response
21
Humans have been growing more and taller which suggest genetics
 
The rebuttal is that a better diet and health conditions are the reason, and the question should...
22
People in society can be described as?
 
Can be described as plastic people can shift environmental behavior
23
Environmental Suppressors
 
environment factors that hinder human growth
24
Feral children
 
children who are literally untamed, or born with severe disabilities
25
Stimulus Response (S-R)
 
a simple model of learning in which humans play only a passive role
26
Cognitive structures
 
general rules that govern reason (Jean Piaget) o Sensorimotor begins at birth until about...
27
Pidgin
 
is a jargon of made-up nouns and verbs, often including some borrowed from the language of...
28
Creole
 
the development of Pidgin into a real language very different from any other
29
Differential socialization
 
how roles in a society shape people
30
Melvin Kohn 1965 study
 
he did a study on the upbringings of children from different social classes and the main values...
31
Erving Goffman 1961 impression management
 
the conscious manipulation of scenery, props, costumes and our behavior to convey a particular...
32
Offender versatility
 
offenders usually commit many crimes ranging from different types, with no strong inclination...
33
Walter Grove produced 3 facts about crime
 
o The variables most associated with crime are age and gender o Athletic body types are more...
34
Subculture deviance
 
is the result of subcultures disagreeing with the norms of society but now having the influence...
35
structural strain
 
frustration caused by a persons position in the social structure, especially the stratification...
36
4 types of Bonds in society
 
o Attachments how much one cares for others and its reciprocal o Investments we are tied...
37
Anomie
 
a condition of normalness
38
Folkways Mores
 
morally accepted sentiments stringent morally accepted sentiments
39
Differential Theory
 
who you hang out with, 2 factors how long and how intimate
40
Deviance Process John Lofland
 
o Threat Physical, Psychological o Encapsulation Facilitating Hardware, Facilitating Others,...
41
Degree of Social Control
 
o Principle of Dependence the more dependent members are on a group, the more they conform...
42
Deterrence Theory
 
the more rapid, the more certain, and the more severe the punishment for a crime, the lower...
43
Recidivism rate
 
the proportion of persons who commit a new crime after having served a prior sentence in jail...
44
Marx's view on classes
 
Marx saw four classes in Roman society: patricians, knights, plebians and slaves; while he...
45
Lumpenproletariat
 
people who were marginal to the economy: vagrants, migrant workers, beggars, criminals, Gypsies
46
Max Weber suggested that three factors defined society
 
o Property the control of property o Prestige fame as important as money and can gain...
47
Status inconsistency
 
a person could be rich but have lower prestige and little power
48
Cultural Capital
 
classes tend to develop and maintain distinctive cultures typically consisting of styles of...
49
Ralf Dahrendorf had the most penetrating analysis of Marxs classless society
 
o Everyone would be in one class but they would not have equally power and prestige, or even...
50
Gaeteno Mosca The Ruling Class a three step proof
 
o Human societies cannot exist without political organization o Whenever there is political...
51
Conflict Theory of Stratification
 
how persons at the top will take advantage of others and how the political system can be used...


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