Respiratory System Vocab List


Respiratory System Vocabulary
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Allergic Rhinitis
 
Inflammation of the nose caused by an allergy
Alveoli
 
microscopic air sacs in the lung
Angiography
 
Radiologic study of the artery using radiopaque medium
apnea
 
absense of breathing
arteriography
 
radiologic study of artery using radiopaque medium
asthma
 
alergic reaction to stubstance resulting in wheezing, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing.
atelectasis
 
lack of air in the lungs
bronchi
 
primary divisions of the trachea
bronchiole
 
small branches of bronchi that lack cartilage
carbon dioxide
 
gas found in the air, exhaled.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
 
syndrome by chronic bronchitis, asthma, emphysema... resulting in dyspnea, frequent resp infection etc.
bronchitis
 
inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchial tree.
cilia
 
hair-like projections
cyanosis
 
bluish color of skin due to lack of oxygen
diaphoresis
 
profuse sweating
emphysema
 
chronic lung diseaseby overdistention of the alveolar sacs and inability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
eiglottis
 
cartilage lid that covers the larynx when swallowing.
epistaxis
 
Nosebleed
expiration
 
exhale of air from lungs
hemothroax
 
Blood within the pleural space of the chest cavity
hypoxia
 
lack of oxygen
influenza
 
acute illeness characterized by fever, pain coughing, upper respiratory symptoms.
inspriation
 
to breath in, inhalation
intubation
 
insertion of a tube into the larynx for entrance of air.
laryngectomy
 
removal of the larynx
laryngitis
 
inflammation of the vocal cords, larynx
larynx
 
the voice box
legionnaires disease
 
acute bronchopneumonia
orthopnea
 
respiratory condition in which breathing is possible onlin in an erect sitting or standing position
perfusion
 
passing of a fluid through spaces
pharynx
 
the throat
pleura
 
a serous membrane that covers the lungs and lines the thoracic cavity.
pleurisy
 
inflammation of the pleura
pneumonia
 
inflammation of the lung caused by microbes, irratants, dust and allergy
pneumothorax
 
a collection of air or gas in the leural cavity that displaces lung tissue
pulmonary edema
 
fluid in the lung tissue
pulmonary emboli
 
a blockage in the pulmonary artery or one of its branches
rhinitis
 
inflammation of nasal mucosa
septum
 
a membranes wall dividing two cavities.
sinusitis
 
inflammation of the sinuses
spirometer
 
measures the volume of inhaled and exhaled air.
sputum
 
material coughed up from the bronchi
surfactant
 
a fatty molecule on the respiratory membranes
thorocentesis
 
removal of fluid from the throax
trachea
 
a cartilage tube between the laynx and the main bronchus of the respirtory tree.
tracheotomy
 
a surgical opening in the trachea to aid in breathing
tuberculosis
 
infectious disease caused by tuberclue bacillus. inflammation of the lungs that destory tissue
upper respiratory infection
 
inflammatory process of the nose and throat. symptoms like a cold.
ventilation
 
diagnostic test to determine air exchange and presense of embolism.
vital capacity
 
total volume of air exchanged from forced inhalation and forced exhalation.
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