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Respiratory System Vocab List

Respiratory System Vocabulary
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Allergic Rhinitis
Inflammation of the nose caused by an allergy
Alveoli
microscopic air sacs in the lung
Angiography
Radiologic study of the artery using radiopaque medium
apnea
absense of breathing
arteriography
radiologic study of artery using radiopaque medium
asthma
alergic reaction to stubstance resulting in wheezing, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing.
atelectasis
lack of air in the lungs
bronchi
primary divisions of the trachea
bronchiole
small branches of bronchi that lack cartilage
carbon dioxide
gas found in the air, exhaled.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
syndrome by chronic bronchitis, asthma, emphysema... resulting in dyspnea, frequent resp infection...
bronchitis
inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchial tree.
cilia
hair-like projections
cyanosis
bluish color of skin due to lack of oxygen
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
emphysema
chronic lung diseaseby overdistention of the alveolar sacs and inability to exchange oxygen...
eiglottis
cartilage lid that covers the larynx when swallowing.
epistaxis
Nosebleed
expiration
exhale of air from lungs
hemothroax
Blood within the pleural space of the chest cavity
hypoxia
lack of oxygen
influenza
acute illeness characterized by fever, pain coughing, upper respiratory symptoms.
inspriation
to breath in, inhalation
intubation
insertion of a tube into the larynx for entrance of air.
laryngectomy
removal of the larynx
laryngitis
inflammation of the vocal cords, larynx
larynx
the voice box
legionnaires disease
acute bronchopneumonia
orthopnea
respiratory condition in which breathing is possible onlin in an erect sitting or standing...
perfusion
passing of a fluid through spaces
pharynx
the throat
pleura
a serous membrane that covers the lungs and lines the thoracic cavity.
pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura
pneumonia
inflammation of the lung caused by microbes, irratants, dust and allergy
pneumothorax
a collection of air or gas in the leural cavity that displaces lung tissue
pulmonary edema
fluid in the lung tissue
pulmonary emboli
a blockage in the pulmonary artery or one of its branches
rhinitis
inflammation of nasal mucosa
septum
a membranes wall dividing two cavities.
sinusitis
inflammation of the sinuses
spirometer
measures the volume of inhaled and exhaled air.
sputum
material coughed up from the bronchi
surfactant
a fatty molecule on the respiratory membranes
thorocentesis
removal of fluid from the throax
trachea
a cartilage tube between the laynx and the main bronchus of the respirtory tree.
tracheotomy
a surgical opening in the trachea to aid in breathing
tuberculosis
infectious disease caused by tuberclue bacillus. inflammation of the lungs that destory tissue
upper respiratory infection
inflammatory process of the nose and throat. symptoms like a cold.
ventilation
diagnostic test to determine air exchange and presense of embolism.
vital capacity
total volume of air exchanged from forced inhalation and forced exhalation.

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