Psychology: Stress and Coping

42 cards

Psychology Exam Study Guide Psychology: Stress and Coping


 
  
Created Apr 14, 2008
by
helpmestudy

 

 
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1
Stress
 
Any circumstance that threatens or is perceived to threaten one's well being Has both psychological...
2
Frustration
 
When the pursuit of a goal is prevented You try to do something and you can't or it won't...
3
Conflict
 
Occur when there are two or more competing and incompatable goals
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Approach-approach conflict A choice must be made between two desirable goals
 
exp:you could travel to europe or you could have an internship with the company of your dream...
5
Avoidance-avoidance conflict A choice must be made between two unattractive goals
 
Exp: you want to break up with your boyfriend,but if you break up he'll be mad and if you stay...
6
Approach-avoidance conflict A choice must be made about a goal that has both positive and...
 
exp: you are offered a great job but it would mean that you would miss your daughter's debut...
7
Change
 
Any notable difference in one's life which requires adaptation Both positive and negative...
8
Holmes and Rahe's Social Readjustment Scale
 
They created a scale in order to give points to the level of stress associated with an event...
9
Homes and Rahe's Social Readjustment Scale Examples
 
Death of a spouse 100 pts Marital Reconciliation 45 pts Change in financial status 38...
10
Pressure
 
Expectations or demands that one behave in a particular manner
11
General Adaptation Syndrome (Selye)
 
All types of stressful situations lead to a similar stress response consisting of three stages Alarm,...
12
Alarm
 
The body releases adrenal hormones, sympathetic nervous system is activated
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Resistance
 
Body is on "high alert"
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Exhaustion
 
Increased physiological vulnerability to stress
15
Kanner
 
Also studied stress in terms of "daily hassles" The sum total of mundane life tasks combine...
16
Kanner continued
 
He asked people to list things they did during the day and the level of stress associated with...
17
Coping
 
What strategies you use to buffer against the stress cycle Active efforts to master, reduce...
18
Coping
 
Adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies exist
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Maladaptive Coping Strategies
 
Displaced Aggression Catharsis Self-indulgence
20
Displaced Aggression
 
Harmful act to someone or something verbally or physically that is not the "true" object of...
21
Catharsis release of emotional tension Punching a pillow, stomping foot although it is...
 
temporary release tension or frustration, it doesn't work long term because the person really...
22
Self-indulgence
 
compensate for deprived/frustrated feelings by trying to promote a feeling of satisfaction...
23
Constructive Coping Mechanisms
 
Healthy efforts to deal with a stressful event making one more resilient to the stressor
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Problem focused coping
 
How to change the situation exp: person says mornings are stressful, so to reduce stress...
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Emotional focused coping
 
How to change perceptions/reactions to the situation
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Optimism
 
People with more positive outlooks handle stress better
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Social supports Presence of social supports provide adaptive
 
coping/release from pressures sense of self efficacy/tools to respond to stresors and feelings...
28
Personality Traits
 
Impact response to stressful situation Type A Type B
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Type A personality
 
competitive, impatient, and more prone to aggression
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Type B Personality
 
more relaxed, easy going, and less quick to anger
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How to determine which personality you are
 
To determine which category you fall under look at chart on power point
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Stress and personality style interact with health
 
People with Type A personalities have 2x the risk of disease Stress in general lowers the...
33
How to reduce stress pets and plants have been shown to reduce stress
 
Therapuetic interventions used to identify and reduce stress prove effective exercise can...
34
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (war, car accident, chronic high stress situations-child...
 
Enduring psychological disturbance attributed to the experience of a major traumatic event...
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Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Replaying or recurrent thoughts of trauma
 
(if a perso was witness to their friends murder, replay the scene in their head asking what...
36
Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
 
Phobic avoidane of similar places/situations (were in a car accident, avoid highways) Oversensitivity...
37
Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder increased irritability/aggressiveness
 
Nervousness Blunted emotion; numbness Sleep disturbance decreased sense of trust cognitive...
38
Child Abuse taking a cigarette and burning child book a child called it
 
Non-accidental physical attack on or injury to children by individuals caring for them verbal...
39
Child Neglect saying "I wish you were never born"
 
Absence of adequate social, emotional and physical care exp: parent tells child over and...
40
Child Abuse random facts In 2002, 2.6 million cases of child abuse were reported 1996-3...
 
Moms are the largest group of perpetrators why? they become frustrated that they aren't good...
41
Characteristics/Symptoms of Abuse
 
Bruises, welts in unusual places (back, feet, head) Complaints of maltreatment Frequent early...
42
Characteristics/Symptoms of Abuse
 
Inadequately dressed for the weather Kids seem constantly tired Are hostile and aggressive Are...


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