Psychology Final Exam

89 cards

DR. Cooksey's Final Psychology 101 Exam


 
  
Created May 14, 2007
by
kbcorbin

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Motivation is best understood as a state that...
 
Energizes and directs behavior
2
One shortcoming of the instinct theory of motivation it...
 
Does not explain human behavior, it simply names them.
3
Few Human behaviors are rigidly patterned enough to qualify as...
 
Instincts
4
One Problem with the idea of motivation as drive reduction is that...
 
Because some motivated behaviors do not seem to be based on physiological needs, they cannot...
5
Instinct theory and drive-reduciton theorybother emphasizes ____ Factors in Motivation.
 
biological
6
Which of the following is not an example of homeostasis?
 
Feeling hungry at the sight of an appetizing food.
7
Which of the following is a difference between a drive and a need?
 
Needs are physiological states, Drives are psychological states.
8
Homeostatic refers to
 
The tendency to maintain a steady internal state.
9
Which of the following is inconsistent with the drive reduction theory of motivation.
 
Monkey will work puzzles even if not given a food reward.
10
Mary loves hang gliding. It would be difficult to explain to Mary's behavior according to.
 
Drive Reduction Theory
11
For two weeks, Orlando has been on a hunger strike. Orlando's willingness to starve conflicts...
 
Maslow
12
Beginning with the basic needs, which of the following represents the correct sequence of needs...
 
Physiological, Safety, Belongingness and love, self fulfillment
13
According to Maslow's theory
 
All the above
14
In his study of men on a semi diet, Keys found that
 
Subjects become obsessed with food.
15
Increase in insulin will
 
Lower blood sugar and trigger hunger.
16
Emotions are
 
All the Above
17
Two years ago, Maria was in an automobile crash in which her spinal cord was severed...
 
James- Lange theory
18
You are on your way to school to take a big exam...
 
James- Lange Theory
19
Which theory of emotion implies that every emotion is associated with a unique physiological...
 
James- Lange Theory
20
Which emotion emphasizes the simultaneous experience of body response.
 
Cannon- Bard theory
21
The Cannon Bard theory of emotion states that
 
The conscious experience of an emotion occurs at the same time as the body's physical reaction.
22
Which of the following was not raised as a critism of the James Lange theory of emotion
 
People with a spinal cord injury at the neck typically experience less emotion.
23
Schachter's two factor theory emphasizes that emotion involves both.
 
Physical arousal and cognitive label.
24
After hitting a grand slam, mike noticed that his heart was pounding. Later after having a...
 
two Factor theory
25
Who will probably be angrier after learning that his car has recievd a parking ticket.
 
Dan who just finished a tennis Match.
26
In the schacter-singer experiment which subjects reported feeling and emotional change in the...
 
Those receiving epinephrine but not expecting to feel physical arousal
27
Which of the following was not presented in the text as evidence that some emotional reactions...
 
Arousal of the sympathetic nervous system will rigger an emotion reaction ever when artificially...
28
Several studies have shown that physical arousal can intensify just about any emotion...
 
Cognitive labels of arousal in the conscious experience of emotions
29
Evidence that changes in facial expressions can directly affect people's feelings and body...
 
Cognition is not necessary for emotion
30
Margret is a finalist... The two dimensions of her current emotion would be a ___ and ___.
 
Positive Valence, High Arousal
31
The field of health psychology is concerned with
 
All the above
32
Dr. Williams Who conducts smoking cession clinics, explains to his clients...
 
Behavioral
33
according to the text, one-half of all deaths from the 10 leading causes of death in the US...
 
Behavior
34
Behavioral and medical knowledge anout factors influencing health for the basis of what field:
 
Behavioral Medicine
35
Stress is defined as:
 
the Process by which we percieve and respond to challenging or threatening events.
36
Connie complains that she has too much stress in her life. the psychologist says the level...
 
How they appraise the events of life
37
The stress hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine are released by the ___ Gland in response...
 
Adrenal: Sympathetic
38
In order, the sequence of stages in the general adaptation syndrome is:
 
Alarm reaction, stage of resistance, stage of exhaustion
39
During which stage of general adaptation is a person especially vulnerable to disease.
 
The exhaustion stage
40
"Tend and Befriend." refers to:
 
An alternative to fight or flight response that may be more common in women.
41
Bob does not start to study until just before midterms. He works through the night, which makes...
 
Exhaustion: General adaptation
42
Research studies demonstrate that after catastrophe, rates of ___ often increase.
 
All the above
43
Karen and Kyumi are taking the same course with different instructors...
 
Kyumi
44
You have just transferred to a new campus and find yourself in a potential enviroment. according...
 
All the above
45
In one experiment, both executive rats and subordinate rates recieved identical electric shocks,...
 
Controlled
46
Which of the following was not mentioned in the text as a critism for Freud's theory?
 
There is no evidence of anything like an "unconscious"
47
The text defines personality as:
 
An indivdual's characteristics patter of thinking, feeling and acting.
48
Which of the following places the greatest emphasis on the unconscious mind?
 
The psychoanalytic perspective
49
A major difference between the psychoanalytic and trait perspectives is that:
 
All the above
50
According to Freud's theory, personality arises in response to conflicts between:
 
Our biological impulses and social restraints against them.
51
According to the psychoanalytic perspective, a child who frequently "slips" and call her teacher...
 
Has some unresolved conflicts conerning her mother
52
ID is to Ego as ___ is to ____
 
Pleasure principle, Reality Principle
53
According to Freud, ____ is the process by which children incorporate their parents values...
 
Identification : Superego
54
Psychoanalytic would characterize a person who is impulsive and self indulgent as possessing...
 
ID. Superego
55
Which of the following is the correct order of psychosexual stages proposed by Freud:
 
Oral; anal; phallic; latency; genital
56
Jill has a biting sarcastic manner. According to Freud she is fixated on
 
The oral stage of development
57
The Oedipus and Electra complexes have their roots in the
 
Phallic Stage
58
Suzy bought... the car's attractiveness, good acceleration, and stereo. According to Freud...
 
Rationalism
59
according to Freud, defense mechanisms are methods of reducing
 
Anxiety
60
The personality test Teresa is taking involves her describing random patterns of dots. what...
 
A projective test
61
Which of the following is true concerning abnormal behavior?
 
Definitions of abnormal behavior are culture- dependent
62
The criteria for classifying behavior as psychologically disordered
 
are characterized by both A and B
63
Behavior is classified as disodered when it is
 
all the Above
64
Our early ancestors commonly attributed disordered behavior to
 
Evil Spirits
65
French reformer who insisted that madness was not demon possession and who called humane treatment...
 
Pinel
66
Which of the following is true of the medical model?
 
It views psychological disorders as a sickness that are diagnosed and treatable
67
Most mental health workers today view that disordered behavior:
 
Arise that interaction of nature and nurture
68
schizophrenia are universal and influenced by heredity, where as other disorders such as anorexia...
 
Bio psycho social
69
Evidence of envoromental effects on psychological such as___ universal, whereas other, such...
 
Depression, Anorexia Nervosa
70
Many psychological dislike DMA- IV because of its
 
Medical Model Bias
71
The Diagnostic reliability of DSM-IV
 
Relatively high
72
Which of the following statements concerning the labeling of disordered behaviors is not true?
 
Labels interfere with effective treatment of psychological disorders
73
The term insanity refers to
 
Legal definitions
74
Phobias and OCD behaviors are classified as
 
Anxiety disorders
75
Sharon os continually tense, jittery, and apprehensive for no specific reason. she would probably...
 
Generalized anxiety disorder
76
As electri psychotherapist is one who
 
uses a variety of techniques, depending on the client and the problem
77
The technique in which a person is asked to report everything that comes through the mind is...
 
Free Association: Psychanalytic
78
During a session with his psychoanalytic, jamal hesitates while describing a highly embarrassing...
 
Resistance
79
Jane has developed strong hate feelings for her therapist. The analytic interprets Jane's behavior...
 
Transference
80
Of the following therapist, who would be most likely to interpret a person's psychological...
 
Psychoanalysts
81
Which type of psychotherapy would be most likely to use the interactions of dreams as a technique...
 
Both A and B
82
Which of the following is not common criticisms of psychoanalyst
 
It gives therapists too much control over the patient
83
Unlike traditional psychoanalutic therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy
 
Focuses on current relationships
84
Of the following categories of psychotherapy, which is known for its nondirective nature
 
Humanistic therapy
85
Given Jim's therapists attempts to help him by ordering geniuses, acceptance, and empathy she...
 
Client Centered therapy
86
Carl Rogers was a ___ Therapist who was the creator of ____
 
Humanist; Client centered therapy
87
The technique in which a therapist echos and restates what a person says in a non directive...
 
Active listening
88
Which type of psychotherapy focuses on changing unwanted behaviors rather than on discovering...
 
Behavior therapy
89
The techniques of counter conditioning are based on principle of
 
Classical conditioning

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