Psychology 251

Chapter 1-3
Created Dec 7, 2006
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Social Influence
The effect that words, actions, or mere presence of other people have on our thoughts, feelings,...
Social Psychology
The scientific study of the way in which people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced...
The way in which people perceive, comprehend, and interpret the social world
Individual Differences
The aspects of people's personalities that make them different from other people
A school of psychology maintaining that to understand human behavior, one need only consider...
Gestalt Psychology
A school of psychology stressing the importance of studying the subjective way in which an...
Social Cognition
How people think about themselves and the social world. How people select, interpret, remember...
Hindsight Bias
The tendency for people to exaggerate how much they ould have predicted an outcome after knowing...
Observational Method
The technique whereby a researcher obseves people and systematically recores measurements or...
Participant Observation
A form of observational method in which the observer interacts with the people being observed...
Inerjudge Reliability
The levelof agreement between two or more people who independently abserve and code a set of...
Archival Analysis
A form of the observational method in which the researcher examines the accumulated document...
Correlational Method
The technique whereby two or more variables are systematically measured and the relationship...
Correlation Coefficient
A statistical technique that assesses how well you can predict one variable from another
Experimental Method
The method in which the researcher randomly assigns participlants to different conditions and...
Internal Validity
Making sure that nothing besides the independent variable can affect the dependent variable,...
External Validity
The exten to which the results of a study can be generalized to other situations and to other...
External Validity
The exten to which the results of a study can be generalized to other situations and to other...
Mundane Realism
the extent to which an experiment is similar to real-life situations
Psychological Realism
The extent to which the psychological processes are triggered in an experiment are similar...
A stat. technique that averages that results of two or more studies to see if the effct of...
Basic Research
Studies that are designed to find the best answer to the question of why people behave as they...
Applied Research
Studies designed to solve a particular problem
Mental structures people use to organize their knowledge about the social world around themes...
The extent to which schemas and concept are at the forefront of peole's minds and are therefore...
The process by which recent experiences increase the acessibility of a schema, trait or concept
Perserverance Effect
The finding that people's beliefs about themselves and the social world persist even after...
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
People have an expectation about what abother person is like, influences how they act toward...
Judgmental Heuristic
Mental shortcuts people use to make judgments quickly and efficiently
Availability Heuristic
A mental rule of thumb whereby people base a judment on the ease with which they can bring...
Representative Heuristic
A mental shortcut whereby people classigy something accoriding to how similiar it is to a typical...
Base rate information
Information about the frequency of member of different categories in the population
Anchoring and Adjustment Heuristic
Shortcut where people use a number or value as a starting poin and then adjust insufficiently...
Controlled Thinking
Thinking that is conscious, intentional, voluntary, or effortful
Counterfactual Thinking
Mentally changing some aspect of the past as a way of imagining what might have been
Overconfidence Barrier
The fact that people usually have too much confidence in the accuracy of their judgments

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