Pre-AP World Geography

77 cards

Pre-AP World Geography~Final~Reviewing Flashcards


 
  
Created Dec 7, 2006
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1
Acculturation
 
the cultural change that occurs when individuals in a society accept or adopt an innovation
2
Allah
 
Islamic god
3
Amazon River
 
the 2nd largest river in the world, and one of South Americas three major river systems, running...
4
Andes Mountains
 
a large system of mountain ranges located along the Pacific coast of Central and South America
5
Anti-Semitism
 
discrimination against Jewish people
6
Aquifer
 
an underground layer of rock that stores water
7
Ashanti
 
people who live in what is now Ghana, in West Africa, and who are known for their artful weaving...
8
Assimilation
 
a process whereby a minority group gradually gives up its own culture and adopts the culture...
9
Aswan High Dam
 
a dam on the Nile River in Egypt, completed in 1970, which increased Egypts farmable land...
10
Atmosphere
 
the layers of gases immediately surrounding the earth
11
Balkanization
 
the process of breaking up a region into small, mutually hostile units
12
Baltic Republics
 
the countries of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia, located on the eastern coast of the Baltic...
13
Benelux
 
the economic union of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxemburg
14
Berlin Wall
 
a wall erected by East Germany in 1961 to cut the capital of Berlin in two, and later dismantled...
15
Biological Weapons
 
a bacterium or virus that can be used to harm or kill people, animals, or plants
16
Birthrate
 
the number of live births per total population, often expressed per thousand population
17
Blizzard
 
a heavy snowstorm with winds of more than 35 miles per hour and reduces visibility of less...
18
Buddhism
 
a religion that originated in India about 500 B.C. and spread to China, where it grew into...
19
Carrying Capacity
 
the number or organisms a land can support without having negative effects
20
Cash Crop
 
a crop grown for direct sale, and not for use in a region, such as coffee, tea, and sugar in...
21
Caste System
 
the Aryan system of social classes in India and one of the cornerstones of Hinduism in which...
22
Caucasus
 
a region that straddles the Caucasus Mountains and stretches between the black and Caspian...
23
Caudillo
 
a military dictator or political boss
24
Central Asia
 
a region that includes the republics or Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
25
Central Business District (CBD)
 
the core of a city, which is almost always based on commercial activity
26
Cerrado
 
a savannah that has flat terrain and moderate rainfall, which make it suitable for farming
27
Chaparral
 
a term, in some locations, for a biome of drought-resistant trees
28
Chechnya
 
one of the republics that remains a part of Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union despite...
29
Chernozem
 
black topsoil, one of the worlds most fertile soils
30
Climate
 
the typical weather conditions at a particular location as observed over time
31
Cold War
 
the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II, called cold...
32
Command Economy
 
a type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by a central...
33
Communism
 
a system in which the government holds nearly all political power and the means of production
34
Constitutional Monarchy
 
a government in which the rulers powers are limited by a constitution and the laws of a nation
35
Continentality
 
a regions distance from the moderating influence of the sea
36
Cultural Crossroad
 
a place where various cultures cross paths
37
Cultural Hearth
 
the heartland or place of origin of a major culture; a site of innovation from which basic...
38
Czar
 
the emperor of Russia prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the subsequent creation of...
39
Dead Sea
 
a landlocked salt lake between Israel and Jordan that is so salty that almost nothing can live...
40
Debt-for-Nature Swap
 
a debt reducing deal wherein an organization agrees to pay off a certain amount of government...
41
Deforestation
 
the cutting down and clearing away of trees and forests
42
Democracy
 
a type of government in which citizens hold political power either directly or through elected...
43
Desalination
 
the removal of salt from ocean water
44
Desertification
 
an expansion of dry conditions to moist areas that are next to deserts
45
Dictatorship
 
a type of government in which an individual or a group holds compete political power
46
Dike
 
an earthen bank used to direct or prevent the passage of water
47
Distance Decay
 
a term referring to the concept that increasing distances between places tend to reduce interactions...
48
Dome of the Rock
 
a shrine in Jerusalem, located on the Temple Mount, which houses the spot where Muslims believe...
49
Drought
 
long period without rain or with very minimal rainfall
50
Economic System
 
the way people produce and exchange goods
51
Economy
 
the production and exchange of goods and services among a group of people
52
El Nino
 
a weather pattern created by the warming waters off the west coast of South America, which...
53
Entrepreneur
 
a person who starts and builds a business
54
Equator
 
the imaginary line that encircles the globe, dividing the world into northern and southern...
55
Equinox
 
each of the two days in the year on which day and night are equal in length, marks the beginning...
56
Ethnic Cleansing
 
the policy of trying to eliminate an ethnic group
57
Ethnic Group
 
a group of people who share language, customs, and a common heritage
58
Euphrates River
 
a river of Southwest Asia, which supported several ancient civilizations and flows through...
59
Eurasia
 
the combined continent of Europe and Asia
60
European Environmental Agency
 
an agency that provides the European Union with reliable information about the environment
61
Export
 
a product or good that is sold from one economy to another
62
Federal Republic
 
a nation whose powers are divided among the federal, or national, government and various state...
63
Fertility Rate
 
the average number or children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime, if...
64
fjord
 
a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between steep slopes
65
Fossil Water
 
water pumped from underground aquifers
66
Free Enterprise
 
an economic system in which private individuals own most of the resources, technology, and...
67
Ganges River
 
river in South Asia; an important water resource flowing more than 1,500 miles from its source...
68
Gaza Strip
 
a territory along the Mediterranean Sea just northeast of the Sinai Peninsula; part of the...
69
Global Economy
 
the merging or regional economies in which nations become dependent on each other for goods...
70
Global Warming
 
the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, preventing heat form escaping into space and...
71
Gobi Desert
 
a desert located in northern china and southeast Mongolia, and a prime area for finding dinosaur...
72
Golan Heights
 
a hilly plateau overlooking the Jordan River and the Sea of Galilee; a strategic location that...
73
Great Game
 
a struggle between the British Empire and the Russian Empire for control of Central Asia in...
74
Green Revolution
 
an agricultural program launched by scientists in the 1960s to develop higher-yielding grain...
75
Greenhouse Effect
 
the layer of gases released by the burning of coal and petroleum that traps solar energy, causing...
76
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
 
the value of all goods and services produced within a country in a period of time
77
Gross National Product (DNP)
 
the total value of all goods and services produced by a country in a period of time
1
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