NASM Essentials of Personal Fitness Training

169 cards

Chapters 1-18 Test Guide for NASM Exam. Terms.


 
  
Created Nov 11, 2007
by
gumby46

 

 
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1
Deconditioned
 
State in which a person has muscle imbalances, decreased flexibility, or a lack of core and...
2
Neuromuscular Efficiency
 
Ability to allow agonists, antagonists, stabilizers, and neutralizers to work synergistically...
3
Phase of Training
 
4
Plyometric
 
Enhances muscular power through quick, repetitive eccentric and concentric muscle contractions.
5
Prime Mover
 
6
Proprioception
 
Cumulative neural input from the sensory afferents to the central nervous system.
7
Prioprioceptively Enriched Environment
 
Environment the challenges the internal balance and stabilization mechanisms of the body.
8
Rate of Force Production
 
Ability of muscle to exert maximal force output in a minimal amount of time.
9
Superset
 
More than one exercise performed in rapid succession.
10
Appendicular Skeleton
 
Portion of the skeletal system that includes the upper and lower extremities.
11
Arthrokinematics
 
Motion of joints in the body.
12
Axial Skeleton
 
Portion of the skeletal system that includes the skull ribcage and vertebral column.
13
Bones
 
14
Central Nervous System
 
Brain and spinal cord.
15
Depression (Fossa)
 
Flattened or indented portion of the bone for muscle attachment.
16
Golgi Tendon Organs
 
Sensitive to changes in muscular tension and rate of tension change.
17
Integrative Function
 
Ability of the nervous system to analyze and interpret the sensory information to allow for...
18
Interneurons
 
Transmit nerve impulses from one neuron to another.
19
Joint Receptors
 
Surround the joint and respond to pressure, acceleration, and deceleration of the joint.
20
Joints
 
Junction of bone, muscle, and connective tissue at which movement occurs.
21
Kinetic Chain
 
Interrelations of the nervous, muscular and skeletal systems.
22
Ligament
 
Connects bone to bone.
23
Mechanoreceptors
 
Sensory receptors that respond to mechanical force.
24
Motor (Efferent) Neurons
 
Transmit nerve impulses from the brain or spinal cord to the effector sites such as muscles...
25
Motor Function
 
Neuromuscular response to sensory information.
26
Muscle
 
27
Muscle Spindle
 
Fibers sensitive to change in length and rate of length change.
28
Muscular System
 
29
Nervous System
 
30
Neural Activation
 
31
Neuron
 
32
Neurotransmitter
 
33
Nonsynovial Joint
 
34
Pennation
 
35
Peripheral Nervous System
 
36
Process
 
37
Sarcomere
 
38
Sensory (Afferent) Neurons
 
39
Sensory Function
 
40
Skeletal System
 
41
Synovial Joints
 
42
Tendons
 
43
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
 
44
Aerobic
 
45
Anaerobic
 
46
Arteries
 
47
Arterioles
 
48
Atrium
 
49
Bioenergetics
 
50
Blood
 
51
Blood Vessel
 
52
Capillaries
 
53
Cardioredpiratory System
 
54
Cardiovascular System
 
55
Expiration
 
56
Heart
 
57
Inspiration
 
58
Mediastinum
 
59
Respiratory System
 
60
Veins
 
61
Ventricle
 
62
Venules
 
63
Functional Strength
 
64
Integrated Fitness Assessment
 
65
Neuromuscular Effeciency
 
66
Objective Information
 
67
Postural Distortion Patterns
 
68
Postural Equilibrium
 
69
Posture
 
70
Skin-fold Calipers
 
71
Subjective Information
 
72
Active-Isolated Stretching
 
73
Altered Reciprocal Inhibition
 
74
Arthrokinematics
 
75
Arthrokinetic Dysfunction
 
76
Autogenic Inhibition
 
77
Davis's Law
 
78
Dynamic Functional Flexibility
 
79
Dynamic Range of Motion
 
80
Dynamic Stretching
 
81
Extensibility
 
82
Flexibility
 
83
Muscle Imbalance
 
84
Neuromuscular Effeciency
 
85
Pattern Overload
 
86
Postural Distortion Patterns
 
87
Relative Flexability
 
88
Self-myofascial Release
 
89
Static Stretching
 
90
Synergistic Dominance
 
91
Enjoyment
 
92
Excess Postexercise Oxygen Consumption (EPOC)
 
93
Frequency
 
94
General Warm-Up
 
95
Integrated Cardiorespiratory Training
 
96
Intensity
 
97
Specific Warm-Up
 
98
Time
 
99
Type
 
100
Core
 
101
Drawing-In Maneuver
 
102
Intermuscular Coordination
 
103
Intramuscular Coordination
 
104
Controlled Instability
 
105
Dynamic Joint Stabalization
 
106
Multisensory Condition
 
107
Rate of Force Production
 
108
Reactive Training
 
109
Agility
 
110
Quickness
 
111
Speed
 
112
Alarm Reaction
 
113
Exhaustion
 
114
General Adaption Syndrome
 
115
Horizontal Loading
 
116
Hypertrophy
 
117
Maximal Strength
 
118
Mechanical Specificity
 
119
Metabolic Specificity
 
120
Muscular Endurance
 
121
Neuromuscular Specificity
 
122
Periodization
 
123
Power
 
124
Principal of Specificity
 
125
Resistance Development
 
126
Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demands (SAID)
 
127
Stability
 
128
Strength
 
129
Strength Endurance
 
130
Vertical Loading
 
131
Acute Variables
 
132
Annual Plan
 
133
Exercise Selection
 
134
Monthly Plan
 
135
Program Design
 
136
Repetition
 
137
Repetition Tempo
 
138
Rest Interval
 
139
Set
 
140
Training Duration
 
141
Training Frequency
 
142
Training Intensity
 
143
Training Plan
 
144
Weekly Plan
 
145
Arthritis
 
146
Cancer
 
147
Diabetes
 
148
Hypertension
 
149
Obesity
 
150
Obstructive Lung Disease
 
151
Osteoarthritis
 
152
Osteopenia
 
153
Osteoporosis
 
154
Pregnancy
 
155
Restrictive Lung Disease
 
156
Rheumatoid Arthritis
 
157
Carbohydrate
 
158
Lipids
 
159
Nutrition
 
160
Protein
 
161
Adequate Intake (AI)
 
162
Dietary Supplement
 
163
Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)
 
164
Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
 
165
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)
 
166
Root Cause Analysis
 
167
Assessment
 
168
Empathy
 
169
Rapport
 

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