+

NASM Essentials Of Personal Fitness Training


Chapters 1-18 Test Guide For NASM Exam. Terms.
  
Changes are done, please view the flashcard.

Preview Flashcards

FrontBack
Deconditioned
 
State in which a person has muscle imbalances, decreased flexibility, or a lack of core and joint stability.
Neuromuscular Efficiency
 
Ability to allow agonists, antagonists, stabilizers, and neutralizers to work synergistically to produce, reduce, and dynamically stabilize the kinetic chain in all 3 planes.
Phase of Training
 
Plyometric
 
Enhances muscular power through quick, repetitive eccentric and concentric muscle contractions.
Prime Mover
 
Proprioception
 
Cumulative neural input from the sensory afferents to the central nervous system.
Prioprioceptively Enriched Environment
 
Environment the challenges the internal balance and stabilization mechanisms of the body.
Rate of Force Production
 
Ability of muscle to exert maximal force output in a minimal amount of time.
Superset
 
More than one exercise performed in rapid succession.
Appendicular Skeleton
 
Portion of the skeletal system that includes the upper and lower extremities.
Arthrokinematics
 
Motion of joints in the body.
Axial Skeleton
 
Portion of the skeletal system that includes the skull ribcage and vertebral column.
Bones
 
Central Nervous System
 
Brain and spinal cord.
Depression (Fossa)
 
Flattened or indented portion of the bone for muscle attachment.
Golgi Tendon Organs
 
Sensitive to changes in muscular tension and rate of tension change.
Integrative Function
 
Ability of the nervous system to analyze and interpret the sensory information to allow for proper decision making to produce the appropriate response.
Interneurons
 
Transmit nerve impulses from one neuron to another.
Joint Receptors
 
Surround the joint and respond to pressure, acceleration, and deceleration of the joint.
Joints
 
Junction of bone, muscle, and connective tissue at which movement occurs.
Kinetic Chain
 
Interrelations of the nervous, muscular and skeletal systems.
Ligament
 
Connects bone to bone.
Mechanoreceptors
 
Sensory receptors that respond to mechanical force.
Motor (Efferent) Neurons
 
Transmit nerve impulses from the brain or spinal cord to the effector sites such as muscles or glands.
Motor Function
 
Neuromuscular response to sensory information.
Muscle
 
Muscle Spindle
 
Fibers sensitive to change in length and rate of length change.
Muscular System
 
Nervous System
 
Neural Activation
 
Neuron
 
Neurotransmitter
 
Nonsynovial Joint
 
Pennation
 
Peripheral Nervous System
 
Process
 
Sarcomere
 
Sensory (Afferent) Neurons
 
Sensory Function
 
Skeletal System
 
Synovial Joints
 
Tendons
 
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
 
Aerobic
 
Anaerobic
 
Arteries
 
Arterioles
 
Atrium
 
Bioenergetics
 
Blood
 
Blood Vessel
 
Capillaries
 
Cardioredpiratory System
 
Cardiovascular System
 
Expiration
 
Heart
 
Inspiration
 
Mediastinum
 
Respiratory System
 
Veins
 
Ventricle
 
Venules
 
Functional Strength
 
Integrated Fitness Assessment
 
Neuromuscular Effeciency
 
Objective Information
 
Postural Distortion Patterns
 
Postural Equilibrium
 
Posture
 
Skin-fold Calipers
 
Subjective Information
 
Active-Isolated Stretching
 
Altered Reciprocal Inhibition
 
Arthrokinematics
 
Arthrokinetic Dysfunction
 
Autogenic Inhibition
 
Davis's Law
 
Dynamic Functional Flexibility
 
Dynamic Range of Motion
 
Dynamic Stretching
 
Extensibility
 
Flexibility
 
Muscle Imbalance
 
Neuromuscular Effeciency
 
Pattern Overload
 
Postural Distortion Patterns
 
Relative Flexability
 
Self-myofascial Release
 
Static Stretching
 
Synergistic Dominance
 
Enjoyment
 
Excess Postexercise Oxygen Consumption (EPOC)
 
Frequency
 
General Warm-Up
 
Integrated Cardiorespiratory Training
 
Intensity
 
Specific Warm-Up
 
Time
 
Type
 
Core
 
Drawing-In Maneuver
 
Intermuscular Coordination
 
Intramuscular Coordination
 
Controlled Instability
 
Dynamic Joint Stabalization
 
Multisensory Condition
 
Rate of Force Production
 
Reactive Training
 
Agility
 
Quickness
 
Speed
 
Alarm Reaction
 
Exhaustion
 
General Adaption Syndrome
 
Horizontal Loading
 
Hypertrophy
 
Maximal Strength
 
Mechanical Specificity
 
Metabolic Specificity
 
Muscular Endurance
 
Neuromuscular Specificity
 
Periodization
 
Power
 
Principal of Specificity
 
Resistance Development
 
Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demands (SAID)
 
Stability
 
Strength
 
Strength Endurance
 
Vertical Loading
 
Acute Variables
 
Annual Plan
 
Exercise Selection
 
Monthly Plan
 
Program Design
 
Repetition
 
Repetition Tempo
 
Rest Interval
 
Set
 
Training Duration
 
Training Frequency
 
Training Intensity
 
Training Plan
 
Weekly Plan
 
Arthritis
 
Cancer
 
Diabetes
 
Hypertension
 
Obesity
 
Obstructive Lung Disease
 
Osteoarthritis
 
Osteopenia
 
Osteoporosis
 
Pregnancy
 
Restrictive Lung Disease
 
Rheumatoid Arthritis
 
Carbohydrate
 
Lipids
 
Nutrition
 
Protein
 
Adequate Intake (AI)
 
Dietary Supplement
 
Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)
 
Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
 
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)
 
Root Cause Analysis
 
Assessment
 
Empathy
 
Rapport
 

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade