NASM Essentials Of Personal Fitness Training

Chapters 1-18 Test Guide For NASM Exam. Terms.
 
Created Nov 11, 2007
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Deconditioned
State in which a person has muscle imbalances, decreased flexibility, or a lack of core and...
Neuromuscular Efficiency
Ability to allow agonists, antagonists, stabilizers, and neutralizers to work synergistically...
Phase of Training
Plyometric
Enhances muscular power through quick, repetitive eccentric and concentric muscle contractions.
Prime Mover
Proprioception
Cumulative neural input from the sensory afferents to the central nervous system.
Prioprioceptively Enriched Environment
Environment the challenges the internal balance and stabilization mechanisms of the body.
Rate of Force Production
Ability of muscle to exert maximal force output in a minimal amount of time.
Superset
More than one exercise performed in rapid succession.
Appendicular Skeleton
Portion of the skeletal system that includes the upper and lower extremities.
Arthrokinematics
Motion of joints in the body.
Axial Skeleton
Portion of the skeletal system that includes the skull ribcage and vertebral column.
Bones
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord.
Depression (Fossa)
Flattened or indented portion of the bone for muscle attachment.
Golgi Tendon Organs
Sensitive to changes in muscular tension and rate of tension change.
Integrative Function
Ability of the nervous system to analyze and interpret the sensory information to allow for...
Interneurons
Transmit nerve impulses from one neuron to another.
Joint Receptors
Surround the joint and respond to pressure, acceleration, and deceleration of the joint.
Joints
Junction of bone, muscle, and connective tissue at which movement occurs.
Kinetic Chain
Interrelations of the nervous, muscular and skeletal systems.
Ligament
Connects bone to bone.
Mechanoreceptors
Sensory receptors that respond to mechanical force.
Motor (Efferent) Neurons
Transmit nerve impulses from the brain or spinal cord to the effector sites such as muscles...
Motor Function
Neuromuscular response to sensory information.
Muscle
Muscle Spindle
Fibers sensitive to change in length and rate of length change.
Muscular System
Nervous System
Neural Activation
Neuron
Neurotransmitter
Nonsynovial Joint
Pennation
Peripheral Nervous System
Process
Sarcomere
Sensory (Afferent) Neurons
Sensory Function
Skeletal System
Synovial Joints
Tendons
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Arteries
Arterioles
Atrium
Bioenergetics
Blood
Blood Vessel
Capillaries
Cardioredpiratory System
Cardiovascular System
Expiration
Heart
Inspiration
Mediastinum
Respiratory System
Veins
Ventricle
Venules
Functional Strength
Integrated Fitness Assessment
Neuromuscular Effeciency
Objective Information
Postural Distortion Patterns
Postural Equilibrium
Posture
Skin-fold Calipers
Subjective Information
Active-Isolated Stretching
Altered Reciprocal Inhibition
Arthrokinematics
Arthrokinetic Dysfunction
Autogenic Inhibition
Davis's Law
Dynamic Functional Flexibility
Dynamic Range of Motion
Dynamic Stretching
Extensibility
Flexibility
Muscle Imbalance
Neuromuscular Effeciency
Pattern Overload
Postural Distortion Patterns
Relative Flexability
Self-myofascial Release
Static Stretching
Synergistic Dominance
Enjoyment
Excess Postexercise Oxygen Consumption (EPOC)
Frequency
General Warm-Up
Integrated Cardiorespiratory Training
Intensity
Specific Warm-Up
Time
Type
Core
Drawing-In Maneuver
Intermuscular Coordination
Intramuscular Coordination
Controlled Instability
Dynamic Joint Stabalization
Multisensory Condition
Rate of Force Production
Reactive Training
Agility
Quickness
Speed
Alarm Reaction
Exhaustion
General Adaption Syndrome
Horizontal Loading
Hypertrophy
Maximal Strength
Mechanical Specificity
Metabolic Specificity
Muscular Endurance
Neuromuscular Specificity
Periodization
Power
Principal of Specificity
Resistance Development
Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demands (SAID)
Stability
Strength
Strength Endurance
Vertical Loading
Acute Variables
Annual Plan
Exercise Selection
Monthly Plan
Program Design
Repetition
Repetition Tempo
Rest Interval
Set
Training Duration
Training Frequency
Training Intensity
Training Plan
Weekly Plan
Arthritis
Cancer
Diabetes
Hypertension
Obesity
Obstructive Lung Disease
Osteoarthritis
Osteopenia
Osteoporosis
Pregnancy
Restrictive Lung Disease
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Carbohydrate
Lipids
Nutrition
Protein
Adequate Intake (AI)
Dietary Supplement
Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)
Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)
Root Cause Analysis
Assessment
Empathy
Rapport

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